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10kV高压电力电缆 1

12相整流 1

2 Mb/s高速信令 1

Cuk矩阵变换器 1

LM331型电压-频率转换器 1

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DFIG sliding mode control fed by back-to-back PWM converter with DC-link voltage control for variable

Youcef BEKAKRA,Djilani BEN ATTOUS

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 345-354 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0330-x

摘要: This paper proposes an indirect power control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) with the rotor connected to the electric grid through a back-to-back pulse width modulation (PWM) converter for variable speed wind power generation. Appropriate state space model of the DFIG is deduced. An original control strategy based on a variable structure control theory, also called sliding mode control, is applied to achieve the control of the active and reactive power exchanged between the stator of the DFIG and the grid. A proportional-integral-(PI) controller is used to keep the DC-link voltage constant for a back-to-back PWM converter. Simulations are conducted for validation of the digital controller operation using Matlab/Simulink software.

关键词: doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)     wind turbine     back-to-back pulse width modulation (PWM)     DC-link voltage     sliding mode control    

Impact of selection of DC base values and DC link control strategies on sequential AC-DC power-flow convergence

Shagufta KHAN,Suman BHOWMICK

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第4期   页码 399-412 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0374-6

摘要: This paper demonstrates the convergence of the integrated AC-DC power-flow algorithm as affected by the selection of different base values for the DC quantities and adoption of different control strategies for the DC link. For power-flow modeling of integrated AC-DC systems, the base values of the various DC quantities can be defined in several ways, giving rise to different sets of per-unit system equations. It is observed that different per-unit system models affect the convergence of the power-flow algorithm differently. In a similar manner, the control strategy adopted for the DC link also affects the power-flow convergence. The sequential method is used to solve the DC variables in the Newton Raphson (NR) power flow model, where AC and DC systems are solved separately and are coupled by injecting an equivalent amount of real and reactive power at the terminal AC buses. Now, for a majority of the possible control strategies, the equivalent real and reactive power injections at the concerned buses can be computed a-priori and are independent of the NR iterative loop. However, for a few of the control strategies, the equivalent reactive power injections cannot be computed a-priori and need to be computed in every NR iteration. This affects the performance of the iterative process. Two different per-unit system models and six typical control strategies are taken into consideration. This is validated by numerous case studies conducted on the IEEE 118-bus and 300-bus test systems.

关键词: AC-DC power-flow     Newton-Raphson method     high voltage direct current (HVDC) control strategy    

一种低电流纹波的低压大电流DC-DC变换器的研究

王萍,孙栩,宋良瑜

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第4期   页码 59-63

摘要:

通过n个倍流整流结构交错并联方式用以进一步减小纹波电流。给出了电路的开关信号波形和仿真模型,并使用Pspice仿真软件对该模型进行仿真,取得满意效果。最后通过实验验证。这种结构特别适用于通信设备、计算机、宇航等领域的电源。

关键词: 低压大电流DC-DC变换器     倍流整流     交错并联    

Toward a nonlinear control of an AC-DC-PWM converter dedicated to induction heating

Amel HADRI-HAMIDA, S. ZEROUALI, A. ALLAG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 140-145 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0243-0

摘要: In this paper, a nonlinear control strategy applied to an AC-DC-pulse width modulation (PWM) converter is developed and simulated. First a nonlinear system modeling is derived with state variables of the input current and the output voltage by using power balance of the input and output. The system is linearized and decoupled, and then a state feedback law is obtained. For robust control of parameter perturbation, integrators are added to the exact feedback control law. The simulation is provided to verify the validity of the control algorithm.

关键词: DC-DC converter     AC-DC-pulse width modulation (PWM) converter     induction heating     nonlinear control    

Effects of environmental media on the transmission of an inductive link in wireless microsystems

Lei DONG, Li-Feng WANG, Qing-An HUANG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第4期   页码 554-556 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0450-1

摘要:

An inductive link between two magnetically coupled coils in wireless microsystems is modeled by considering an additional parasitic capacitive link to describe the effect of environmental media. With a system of inductor-capacitor passive wireless sensors, the effects of environmental media are studied theoretically and experimentally for the first time. Results suggest that the capacitive link is non-negligible when the distance between the two coupled coils is comparable with the coupling area, particularly when the environmental medium has a large dielectric constant.

关键词: capacitive link     monitoring correction     passive wireless sensor    

Polyhedral linkages obtained as assemblies of planar link groups

GÖkhan KİPER, Eres SÖYLEMEZ

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第8卷 第1期   页码 3-9 doi: 10.1007/s11465-013-0363-6

摘要:

The study aims to devise means of obtaining polyhedral linkages for homothetic deployment of polyhedral shapes by embedding planar link groups in faces of the polyhedral shape of interest. The questions of which polyhedral shapes may be suitable for such a purpose and what are the compatibility conditions for spatially assembling planar link groups are addressed. Homohedral and tangential polyhedral shapes are found to be suitable for the task and some examples of linkages are worked out.

关键词: polyhedral linkages     homothety     homohedra     tangential polyhedra    

A linear quadratic regulator control of a stand-alone PEM fuel cell power plant

Amar BENAISSA, Boualaga RABHI, Ammar MOUSSI, Dahmani AISSA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第1期   页码 62-72 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0291-5

摘要: This paper introduces a technique based on linear quadratic regulator (LQR) to control the output voltage at the load point versus load variation from a stand-alone proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell power plant (FCPP) for a group housing use. The controller modifies the optimal gains by minimizing a cost function, and the phase angle of the AC output voltage to control the active and reactive power output from an FCPP to match the terminal load. The control actions are based on feedback signals from the terminal load, output voltage and fuel cell feedback current. The topology chosen for the simulation consists of a 45 kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), boost type DC/DC converter, a three-phase DC/AC inverter followed by an LC filter. Simulation results show that the proposed control strategy operated at low commutation frequency (2 kHz) offers good performances versus load variations with low total harmonic distortions (THD) , which is very useful for high power applications.

关键词: modeling of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)     controlling of PEMFC     linear quadratic regulator (LQR)     DC/DC converter     DC/AC inverter    

Implementation of photovoltaic water pumping system with MPPT controls

Najet REBEI,Ali HMIDET,Rabiaa GAMMOUDI,Othman HASNAOUI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 187-198 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0359-5

摘要: To increase the output efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) system, it is important to apply an efficient maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique. This paper describes the analysis, the design and the experimental implementation of the tracking methods for a stand-alone PV system, using two approaches. The first one is the constant voltage (CV) MPPT method based on the optimum voltage, which was deduced experimentally, and considered as a reference value to extract the optimum power. The second one is the increment conductance (Inc-Cond) MPPT method based on the calculation of the power derivative extracted by the installation. The output controller can adjust the duty ratio to the optimum value. This optimum duty ratio is the input of a DC/DC boost converter which feeds a set of Moto-pump via a DC/AC inverter. This paper presents the details of the two approaches implemented, based on the system performance characteristics. Contributions are made in several aspects of the system, including converter design, system simulation, controller programming, and experimental setup. The MPPT control algorithms implemented extract the maximum power point (MPP), with satisfactory performance and without steady-state oscillation. MATLAB/Simulink and dSpace DS1104 are used to conduct studies and implement algorithms. The two proposed methods have been validated by implementing the performance of the PV pumping systems installed on the roof of the research laboratory in INSAT Tunisia. Experimental results verify the feasibility and the improved functionality of the system.

关键词: photovoltaic generator (PVG)     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)     boost DC/DC converter     DC/AC inverter     moto-pump    

Parameter identification of interconnected power system frequency after trip-out of high voltage transmission

Xuzhan ZHOU,Shanshan LIU,Mingkun WANG,Yiping DAI,Yaohua TANG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 386-393 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0323-9

摘要: Accurate modeling and parameters of high voltage (HV) grid are critical for stability research of system frequency. In this paper, simulation modeling of the system frequency was conducted of an interconnected power system with HV transmission lines in China. Based on recorded tripping data of the HV transmission lines, system parameters were identified by using genetic algorithm (GA). The favorable agreement between simulation results and recorded data verifies the validity of gird models and the accuracy of system parameters. The results of this paper can provide reference for the stability research of HV power grid.

关键词: high voltage (HV) grid     frequency stability parameter identification     primary frequency regulation (PFR)    

Data-driven consumer-phase identification in low-voltage distribution networks considering prosumers

《能源前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11708-024-0946-4

摘要: Knowing the correct phase connectivity information plays a significant role in maintaining high-quality power and reliable electricity supply to end-consumers. However, managing the consumer-phase connectivity of a low-voltage distribution network is often costly, prone to human errors, and time-intensive, as it involves either installing expensive high-precision devices or employing field-based methods. Besides, the ever-increasing electricity demand and the proliferation of behind-the-meter resources have also increased the complexity of leveraging the phase connectivity problem. To overcome the above challenges, this paper develops a data-driven model to identify the phase connectivity of end-consumers using advanced metering infrastructure voltage and current measurements. Initially, a preprocessing method that employs linear interpolation and singular value decomposition is adopted to improve the quality of the smart meter data. Then, using Kirchoff’s current law and correlation analysis, a discrete convolution optimization model is built to uniquely identify the phase to which each end-consumer is connected. The data sets utilized are obtained by performing power flow simulations on a modified IEEE-906 test system using OpenDSS software. The robustness of the model is tested against data set size, missing smart meter data, measurement errors, and the influence of prosumers. The results show that the method proposed correctly identifies the phase connections of end-consumers with an accuracy of about 98%.

关键词: consumer-phase identification     data-driven     low-voltage distribution network     advanced metering infrastructure     singular value decomposition    

交直流电力集成技术

马伟明

《中国工程科学》 2002年 第4卷 第12期   页码 53-59

摘要:

建立了新型电机的数学模型,为解决关键技术问题提供了理论基础。查明了发电机整流系统特有的低频功率振荡的机理,得出了稳定判据及解决稳定问题的技术措施;通过合理设计,可控制直流电压的浮动范围;综合治理整流过程引起的交流谐波和直流脉动,提高了系统的EMC性能;巧妙地处理了系统的强非线性,从而得出了直流短路和交直流同时短路的冲击电流解析式;提出了根据整流装置输入、输出电压波形进行实时在线故障诊断的原理和方法。在此基础上,将定子3相绕组、12相绕组、整流装置、励磁系统、励磁调节器等集于一体,功研制出性能优良的交直流发电机,能同时提供高品质交直流电源,为独立电力系统的集成化奠定了基础。

关键词: 电力集成     双绕组交直流发电机     12相整流     交直流同时供电     独立电力系统    

Recent advances toward high voltage, EC-free electrolytes for graphite-based Li-ion battery

Tong Zhang, Elie Paillard

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第3期   页码 577-591 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1758-z

摘要:

Lithium-ion batteries are a key technology in today’s world and improving their performances requires, in many cases, the use of cathodes operating above the anodic stability of state-of-the-art electrolytes based on ethylene carbonate (EC) mixtures. EC, however, is a crucial component of electrolytes, due to its excellent ability to allow graphite anode operation–also required for high energy density batteries–by stabilizing the electrode/electrolyte interface. In the last years, many alternative electrolytes, aiming at allowing high voltage battery operation, have been proposed. However, often, graphite electrode operation is not well demonstrated in these electrolytes. Thus, we review here the high voltage, EC-free alternative electrolytes, focusing on those allowing the steady operation of graphite anodes. This review covers electrolyte compositions, with the widespread use of additives, the change in main lithium salt, the effect of anion (or Li salt) concentration, but also reports on graphite protection strategies, by coatings or artificial solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) or by use of water-soluble binder for electrode processing as these can also enable the use of graphite in electrolytes with suboptimal intrinsic SEI formation ability.

关键词: lithium-ion     electrolyte     solid electrolyte interphase     additives     high voltage     graphite    

Analysis and stabilization control of a voltage source controlled wind farm under weak grid conditions

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 943-955 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0793-5

摘要: This paper investigates and discusses the interaction stability issues of a wind farm with weak grid connections, where the wind turbines (WTs) are controlled by a new type of converter control strategy referred to as the voltage source (VS) control. The primary intention of the VS control method is to achieve the high-quality inertial response capability of a single WT. However, when it is applied to multiple WTs within a wind farm, its weak-grid performance regarding the stability remains concealed and needs to be clarified. To this end, a frequency domain model of the wind farm under the VS control is first developed. Based on this model and the application of a stability margin quantification index, not only the interactions between the wind farm and the weak grid but also those among WTs will be systematically assessed in this paper. A crucial finding is that the inertial response of VS control has negative impacts on the stability margin of the system, and the dominant instability mode is more related to the interactions among the WTs rather than the typical grid-wind farm interaction. Based on this knowledge, a stabilization control strategy is then proposed, aiming for stability improvements of VS control while fulfilling the demand of inertial responses. Finally, all the results are verified by time-domain simulations in power systems computer aided design/electromagnetic transients including DC(PSCAD/EMTDC).

关键词: weak grids     voltage source (VS) control     wind turbine (WT)     stabilization control     wind farm     inertial response    

A comprehensive simulator for assessing the reliability of a photovoltaic panel peak power tracking system

Nabil KAHOUL,Mourad HOUABES,Ammar NEÇAIBIA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第2期   页码 170-179 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0353-y

摘要: When designing a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm, it is often difficult to correctly predict, before field testing, the behavior of this MPPT under varying solar irradiation on photovoltaic (PV) panels. A solution to this problem is to design a maximum power point trackers simulator of a PV system used to test MPPT algorithms. This simulator must have the same role as the MPPT card of the PV panel and thus will fully emulate the response of a real MPPT card of the PV panel. Therefore, it is a good substitute to help to test the peak power trackers of the PV system in the laboratory. This paper describes a simple peak power trackers simulator of the PV system which has a short response time thus, can be used to test MPPT algorithms under very rapid variation condition. The obtained results and the theoretical operation confirm the reliability and the superior performance of the proposed model.

关键词: photovoltaic module     DC-DC converter     design     maximum power point tracking (MPPT) card     microprocessor    

Rosin side chain type catalyst-free vitrimers with high cross-link density, mechanical strength, and

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第9期   页码 1267-1279 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2291-7

摘要: The emergence of vitrimer, a new class of polymer materials can address the problem of recyclability, reprocess ability and recyclability of thermosetting plastics. Rosin, a natural product, is an ideal raw material for the preparation of polymers in a more sustainable way. Nevertheless, due to the huge steric hindrance caused by the hydrogenated phenanthrene ring structure, the cross-link density of materials is frequently lowered. In this study, hydrogenated rosin was adopted for preparing hydrogenated rosin side-chain type diacids, which were reacted with mixed epoxy to obtain rosin side-chain type vitrimers. It was completely characterized by differential scanning calorimetry test, thermogravimetric analysis, shape memory test and self-healing test. The prepared vitrimers exhibited good self-healing properties, excellent heat resistance (Td = 352 °C) as well as high mechanical properties (tensile strength of 46.75 MPa). The tricyclic diterpene structure of rosin was introduced into the side chain in order to avoid the reduction of cross-link density resulting from the huge steric hindrance of the rigid tricyclic hydrophenylene skeleton. Vitrimers can undergo dynamic transesterification reaction without external catalysts due to the autocatalytic effect of tertiary amines from epoxy. Moreover, our work expanded the application field of rosin, increased the added value of rosin, and provided a novel method for preparing rosin-based vitrimers with ideal properties.

关键词: vitrimers     rosin     catalyst-free     high mechanical properties     dynamic transesterification reaction    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

DFIG sliding mode control fed by back-to-back PWM converter with DC-link voltage control for variable

Youcef BEKAKRA,Djilani BEN ATTOUS

期刊论文

Impact of selection of DC base values and DC link control strategies on sequential AC-DC power-flow convergence

Shagufta KHAN,Suman BHOWMICK

期刊论文

一种低电流纹波的低压大电流DC-DC变换器的研究

王萍,孙栩,宋良瑜

期刊论文

Toward a nonlinear control of an AC-DC-PWM converter dedicated to induction heating

Amel HADRI-HAMIDA, S. ZEROUALI, A. ALLAG

期刊论文

Effects of environmental media on the transmission of an inductive link in wireless microsystems

Lei DONG, Li-Feng WANG, Qing-An HUANG

期刊论文

Polyhedral linkages obtained as assemblies of planar link groups

GÖkhan KİPER, Eres SÖYLEMEZ

期刊论文

A linear quadratic regulator control of a stand-alone PEM fuel cell power plant

Amar BENAISSA, Boualaga RABHI, Ammar MOUSSI, Dahmani AISSA

期刊论文

Implementation of photovoltaic water pumping system with MPPT controls

Najet REBEI,Ali HMIDET,Rabiaa GAMMOUDI,Othman HASNAOUI

期刊论文

Parameter identification of interconnected power system frequency after trip-out of high voltage transmission

Xuzhan ZHOU,Shanshan LIU,Mingkun WANG,Yiping DAI,Yaohua TANG

期刊论文

Data-driven consumer-phase identification in low-voltage distribution networks considering prosumers

期刊论文

交直流电力集成技术

马伟明

期刊论文

Recent advances toward high voltage, EC-free electrolytes for graphite-based Li-ion battery

Tong Zhang, Elie Paillard

期刊论文

Analysis and stabilization control of a voltage source controlled wind farm under weak grid conditions

期刊论文

A comprehensive simulator for assessing the reliability of a photovoltaic panel peak power tracking system

Nabil KAHOUL,Mourad HOUABES,Ammar NEÇAIBIA

期刊论文

Rosin side chain type catalyst-free vitrimers with high cross-link density, mechanical strength, and

期刊论文