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Comparison between linear and non-linear forms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order adsorptionkinetic models for the removal of methylene blue by activated carbon

Junxiong LIN , Lan WANG ,

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 320-324 doi: 10.1007/s11783-009-0030-7

摘要: The best-fit equations of linear and non-linear forms of the two widely used kinetic models, namely pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equations, were compared in this study. The experimental kinetics of methylene blue adsorption on activated carbon was used for this research. Both the correlation coefficient () and the normalized standard deviation Δ(%) were employed as error analysis methods to determine the best-fitting equations. The results show that the non-linear forms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were more suitable than the linear forms for fitting the experimental data. The experimental kinetics may have been distorted by linearization of the linear kinetic equations, and thus, the non-linear forms of kinetic equations should be primarily used to obtain the adsorption parameters. In addition, the Δ(%) method for error analysis may be better to determine the best-fitting model in this case.

关键词: adsorption     pseudo-first order     pseudo-second order     kinetic model     linear method     non-linear method    

Electrocoagulation process for the treatment of metal-plating wastewater: Kinetic modeling and energy

Fatih Ilhan, Kubra Ulucan-Altuntas, Yasar Avsar, Ugur Kurt, Arslan Saral

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第5期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1152-1

摘要: The wastewater from industrial area was treated by EC via Fe and Al electrodes. Cu, Ni, Cr and Zn were highly removed at the first minutes, simultaneously. Pseudo-2nd-order was found to be more suitable for kinetics. Adsorption capacities based on kinetic modeling were observed as Cr>Cu>Ni>Zn. The chemical cost in the case of pH adjustment after EC was less as 3.83 $/m3. It is known that wastewater produced by the metal-plating industry contains several heavy metals, which are acidic in nature and therefore toxic for the environment and for living creatures. In particular, heavy metals enter the food chain and accumulate in vital organs and cause serious illness. The precipitation of these metals is mostly achieved by pH adjustment, but as an alternative to this method, the electrocoagulation process has investigated in this study using iron and aluminum electrodes. The effects of the pH adjustment on removal before and after the electrocoagulation process were investigated, and cost analyses were also compared. It was observed that a high proportion of removal was obtained during the first minutes of the electrocoagulation process; thus, the current density did not have a great effect. In addition, the pH adjustment after the electrocoagulation process using iron electrodes, which are 10% more effective than aluminum electrodes, was found to be much more efficient than before the electrocoagulation process. In the process where kinetic modeling was applied, it was observed that the heavy metal removal mechanism was not solely due to the collapse of heavy metals at high pH values, and with this modeling, it was seen that this mechanism involved adsorption by iron and aluminum hydroxides formed during the electrocoagulation process. When comparing the ability of heavy metals to be adsorbed, the sequence was observed to be Cr>Cu>Ni>Zn, respectively.

关键词: Electrochemical treatment     Heavy metals     Kinetic modeling     Pseudo first order kinetic     Pseudo second order kinetic    

High-order phase-field model with the local and second-order max-entropy approximants

Fatemeh AMIRI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 406-416 doi: 10.1007/s11709-018-0475-5

摘要: We approximate the fracture surface energy functional based on phase-field method with smooth local maximum entropy (LME) and second-order maximum entropy (SME) approximants. The higher-order continuity of the meshfree methods such as LME and SME approximants allows to directly solve the fourth-order phase-field equations without splitting the fourth-order differential equation into two second-order differential equations. We will first show that the crack surface functional can be captured more accurately in the fourth-order model with smooth approximants such as LME, SME and B-spline. Furthermore, smaller length scale parameter is needed for the fourth-order model to approximate the energy functional. We also study SME approximants and drive the formulations. The proposed meshfree fourth-order phase-field formulation show more stable results for SME compared to LME meshfree methods.

关键词: second-order maximum entropy     local maximum entropy     second- and fourth-order phase-field models     B-spline    

Numerical simulation of sudden-expansion two-phase flows with two-scale second-order moment particle

ZENG Zhuoxiong, HAN Shoulei, ZHOU Lixing

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 202-206 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0026-6

摘要: A two-scale second-order moment particle turbulence model is developed, based on the concept of particle large-scale fluctuation due to turbulence and particle small-scale fluctuation due to collision. The model is employed to simulate gas-particle flows in a sudden-expansion chamber. Simulation results are compared with the experimental results and with those obtained by the single-scale second-order moment two-phase turbulence model. It is shown that the two-scale model is with higher calculating accuracy than the single-scale model.

关键词: gas-particle     single-scale second-order     large-scale fluctuation     second-order     sudden-expansion    

Time-varying formation tracking for uncertain second-order nonlinearmulti-agent systems

Mao-peng RAN, Li-hua XIE, Jun-cheng LI

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第20卷 第1期   页码 76-87 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1800557

摘要:

Our study is concerned with the time-varying formation tracking problem for second-order multi-agent systems that are subject to unknown nonlinear dynamics and external disturbance, and the states of the followers form a predefined time-varying formation while tracking the state of the leader. The total uncertainty lumps the unknown nonlinear dynamics and the external disturbance, and is regarded as an extended state of the agent. To estimate the total uncertainty, we design an extended state observer (ESO). Then we propose a novel ESO based time-varying formation tracking protocol. It is proved that, under the proposed protocol, the ESO estimation error and the time-varying formation tracking error can be made arbitrarily small. An application to the target enclosing problem for multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) verifies the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed approach.

关键词: Multi-agent system     Time-varying formation     Formation tracking     Nonlinear dynamics     Extended state observer (ESO)    

Analysis of nonlinear channel friction inverse problem

CHENG Weiping, LIU Guohua

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 205-210 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0024-0

摘要: Based on the Backus-Gilbert inverse theory, the singular value decomposition (SVD) for general inverse matrices and the optimization algorithm are used to solve the channel friction inverse problem. The resolution and covariance friction inverse model in matrix form is developed to examine the reliability of solutions. Theoretical analyses demonstrate that the convergence rate of the general Newton optimization algorithm is in the second-order. The Wiggins method is also incorporated into the algorithm. Using the method, noise can be suppressed effectively, and the results are close to accurate solutions with proper control parameters. Also, the numerical stability can be improved.

关键词: singular     SVD     second-order     covariance     Theoretical    

Shallow foundation response variability due to soil and model parameter uncertainty

Prishati RAYCHOWDHURY,Sumit JINDAL

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 237-251 doi: 10.1007/s11709-014-0242-1

摘要: Geotechnical uncertainties may play crucial role in response prediction of a structure with substantial soil-foundation-structure-interaction (SFSI) effects. Since the behavior of a soil-foundation system may significantly alter the response of the structure supported by it, and consequently several design decisions, it is extremely important to identify and characterize the relevant parameters. Moreover, the modeling approach and the parameters required for the modeling are also critically important for the response prediction. The present work intends to investigate the effect of soil and model parameter uncertainty on the response of shallow foundation-structure systems resting on dry dense sand. The SFSI is modeled using a beam-on-nonlinear-winkler-foundation (BNWF) concept, where soil beneath the foundation is assumed to be an assembly of discrete, nonlinear elements composed of springs, dashpots and gap elements. The sensitivity of both soil and model input parameters on shallow foundation responses are investigated using first-order second-moment (FOSM) analysis and Monte Carlo simulation through Latin hypercube sampling technique. It has been observed that the degree of accuracy in predicting the responses of the shallow foundation is highly sensitive soil parameters, such as friction angle, Poisson’s ratio and shear modulus, rather than model parameters, such as stiffness intensity ratio and spring spacing; indicating the importance of proper characterization of soil parameters for reliable soil-foundation response analysis.

关键词: shallow foun dation     sensitivity analysis     centrifuge data     first-order-second-moment (FOSM) method     parameter uncertainty    

Topology optimization of transient problem with maximum dynamic response constraint using SOAR scheme

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第16卷 第3期   页码 593-606 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0636-4

摘要: This paper proposes a novel method for the continuum topology optimization of transient vibration problem with maximum dynamic response constraint. An aggregated index in the form of an integral function is presented to cope with the maximum response constraint in the time domain. The density filter solid isotropic material with penalization method combined with threshold projection is developed. The sensitivities of the proposed index with respect to design variables are conducted. To reduce computational cost, the second-order Arnoldi reduction (SOAR) scheme is employed in transient analysis. Influences of aggregate parameter, duration of loading period, interval time, and number of basis vectors in the SOAR scheme on the final designs are discussed through typical examples while unambiguous configuration can be achieved. Through comparison with the corresponding static response from the final designs, the optimized results clearly demonstrate that the transient effects cannot be ignored in structural topology optimization.

关键词: topology optimization     solid isotropic material with penalization     transient response     aggregation function     second-order Arnoldi reduction    

Effect of metal ion-doping on characteristics and photocatalytic activity of TiO

Rongfang YUAN,Beihai ZHOU,Duo HUA,Chunhong SHI

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第5期   页码 850-860 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0737-y

摘要: The effect of ion-doping on TiO nanotubes were investigated to obtain the optimal TiO nanotubes for the effective decomposition of humic acids (HA) through O /UV/ion-doped TiO process. The experimental results show that changing the calcination temperature, which changed the weight fractions of the anatase phase, the average crystallite sizes, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, and the energy band gap of the catalyst, affected the photocatalytic activity of the catalyst. The ionic radius, valence state, and configuration of the dopant also affected the photocatalytic activity. The photocatalytic activities of the catalysts on HA removal increased when Ag , Al , Cu , Fe , V , and Zn were doped into the TiO nanotubes, whereas such activities decreased as a result of Mn - and Ni -doping. In the presence of 1.0 at.% Fe -doped TiO nanotubes calcined at 550°C, the removal efficiency of HA was 80% with a pseudo-first-order rate constant of 0.158 min . Fe in TiO could increase the generation of ·OH, which could remove HA. However, Fe in water cannot function as a shallow trapping site for electrons or holes.

关键词: TiO2 nanotubes     ion-doping     humic acids     pseudo-first-order     mechanism    

Implementation of an adaptive feed speed 3D NURBS interpolation algorithm

LIANG Hong-bin, WANG Yong-zhang, LI Xia

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第4期   页码 403-408 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0047-6

摘要: NURBS (non-uniform rational B-spline) interpolation algorithms have been provided in modern CNC (computer numerical control) systems. However, most of them focus on a constant feed speed without considering the contour accuracy. In order to deal with this problem, an adaptive feed speed interpolation algorithm for 3D NURBS parametric curves with confined chord errors is proposed. When the instantaneous radius of the curvature is small enough, the proposed interpolation algorithm automatically reduces the feed speed to meet the specified chord error. In the other situation it uses the second-order Taylor s expansions approximation interpolation algorithm to obtain a constant feed speed so that the contour accuracy in the CNC system is guaranteed. Experimental results were provided to verify the feasibility and precision of the proposed interpolation algorithm.

关键词: NURBS parametric     rational B-spline     second-order     non-uniform rational     precision    

Biodegradation of 2-methylisoborneol by bacteria enriched from biological activated carbon

Rongfang YUAN, Beihai ZHOU, Chunhong SHI, Liying YU, Chunlei ZHANG, Junnong GU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第5期   页码 701-710 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0367-6

摘要: One of the most common taste and odour compounds (TOCs) in drinking water is 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB) which cannot be readily removed by conventional water treatments. Four bacterial strains for degrading 2-MIB were isolated from the surface of a biological activated carbon filter, and were characterized as spp., spp., spp. and spp. based on 16S rRNA analysis. The removal efficiencies of 2-MIB with initial concentrations of 515 ng·L were 98.4%, 96.3%, 95.0%, and 92.8% for spp., spp., spp. and spp., respectively. These removal efficiencies were slightly higher than those with initial concentration at 4.2 mg·L (86.1%, 84.4%, 86.7% and 86.0%, respectively). The kinetic model showed that biodegradation of 2-MIB at an initial dose of 4.2 mg·L was a pseudo-first-order reaction, with rate constants of 0.287, 0.277, 0.281, and 0.294 d , respectively. These degraders decomposed 2-MIB to form 2-methylenebornane and 2-methyl-2-bornane as the products.

关键词: 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB)     biodegradation     2-methylenebornane     2-methyl-2-bornane     pseudo-first-order reaction    

Nonlinear analysis of pre-tensioned glass wall facade by stability function with initial imperfection

Siu-Lai CHAN, Yaopeng LIU, Andy LEE,

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第3期   页码 376-382 doi: 10.1007/s11709-010-0086-2

摘要: Pre-tensioned high strength trusses using alloy steel bar are widely used as glass wall supporting systems because of the high degree of transparency. The breakage of glass panes in this type of system occurs occasionally, likely to be due to error in design and analysis in addition to other factors like glass impurity and stress concentration around opening in a spider system. Most design does not consider the flexibility of supports from finite stiffness of supporting steel or reinforced concrete beams. The resistance of lateral wind pressure of the system makes use of high tension force coupled with the large deflection effect, both of which are affected by many parameters not generally considered in conventional structures. In the design, one must therefore give a careful consideration on various effects, such as support settlement due to live loads and material creep, temperature change, pre-tension force, and wind pressure. It is not uncommon to see many similar glass wall systems fail in the wind load test chambers under a design wind speed. This paper presents a rigorous analysis and design of this type of structural systems used in a project in Hong Kong, China. The stability function with initial curvature is used in place of the cubic function, which is only accurate for linear analysis. The considerations and analysis techniques are believed to be of value to engineers involved in the design of the structural systems behaving nonlinearly.

关键词: tension system     glass wall     nonlinear analysis     pre-tensioning     second-order analysis    

Adaptive selective ES-FEM limit analysis of cracked plane-strain structures

H. NGUYEN-XUAN,T. RABCZUK

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第4期   页码 478-490 doi: 10.1007/s11709-015-0317-7

摘要: This paper presents a simple and efficient approach for predicting the plastic limit loads in cracked plane-strain structures. We use two levels of mesh repartitioning for the finite element limit analysis. The master level handles an adaptive primal-mesh process through a dissipation-based indicator. The slave level performs the subdivision of each triangle into three sub-triangles and constitutes a dual mesh from a pair of two adjacent sub-triangles shared by common edges of the primal mesh. Applying a strain smoothing projection to the strain rates on the dual mesh, the incompressibility constraint and the flow rule constraint are imposed over the edge-based smoothing domains and everywhere in the problem domain. The limit analysis problem is recast into the compact form of a second-order cone programming (SOCP) for the purpose of exploiting interior-point solvers. The present method retains a low number of optimization variables. It offers a convenient way for designing and solving the large-scale optimization problems effectively. Several benchmark examples are given to show the simplicity and effectiveness of the present method.

关键词: cracked structure     limit analysis     von Mises criterion     edge-based strain smoothing     second-order cone programming     adaptive    

具有领航者的二阶非线性多智能体系统在外部扰动下的同步控制 None

Mao-bin LU, Lu LIU

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第20卷 第1期   页码 88-94 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1800611

摘要: 研究了一类异质二阶非线性多智能体系统在外部扰动影响下的同步控制问题。其中,非线性系统允许包含可线性参数化的未知参数。提出一种新颖的分布式控制器,此控制器依赖于系统的相对状态,因此可以在多智能体系统之间没有通讯的情况下应用。通过Barbalat引理,证明此分布式控制器可求解二阶非线性多智能体系统的同步控制问题。对一组Van der Pol振荡器进行同步控制的应用示例验证了主要结果的有效性。

关键词: 多智能体系统;同步控制;分布式控制    

UNREDUCED MEGAGAMETOPHYTE FORMATION VIA SECOND DIVISION RESTITUTION CONTRIBUTES TO TETRAPLOID PRODUCTION

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第2期

摘要:

Seedless fruits are desirable in the citrus fresh fruit market. Triploid production via diploid × tetraploid interploidy crosses is thought to be the most efficient and widely-used strategy for the breeding of seedless citrus. Although ‘Orah’ mandarin has desirable organoleptic qualities, seeds in the fruits weaken its market competitiveness. To produce new seedless cultivars that are similar to ‘Orah’ mandarin, we performed three 2x × 4x crosses using ‘Orah’ mandarin as the seed parent to regenerate triploid plantlets. A total of 182 triploid and 36 tetraploid plantlets were obtained. By analyzing their genetic origins using nine novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, all of the triploids and tetraploids derived from these three crosses were proven to be hybrids. Also, we demonstrated that 2n megagametophyte formation in ‘Orah’ mandarin result in tetraploid production in these three interploidy crosses. These tetraploid plantlets were genotyped using eight pericentromeric SNP markers and nine centromere distal SNP markers. Based on the genotypes of the 2n megagametophytes, the parental heterozygosity rates in 16 SNP loci and all 2n megagametophytes were less than 50%, indicating that second division restitution was the mechanism underlying 2n megagametophyte formation at both the population and individual levels. These triploid hybrids enrich the germplasm available for seedless breeding. Moreover, the tetraploid hybrids are valuable as parents for ploidy breeding for the production of seedless citrus fruits.

 

关键词: Citrus / 2n gamete / interploidy hybridization / pericentromeric SNP marker / second division restitution    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Comparison between linear and non-linear forms of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order adsorptionkinetic models for the removal of methylene blue by activated carbon

Junxiong LIN , Lan WANG ,

期刊论文

Electrocoagulation process for the treatment of metal-plating wastewater: Kinetic modeling and energy

Fatih Ilhan, Kubra Ulucan-Altuntas, Yasar Avsar, Ugur Kurt, Arslan Saral

期刊论文

High-order phase-field model with the local and second-order max-entropy approximants

Fatemeh AMIRI

期刊论文

Numerical simulation of sudden-expansion two-phase flows with two-scale second-order moment particle

ZENG Zhuoxiong, HAN Shoulei, ZHOU Lixing

期刊论文

Time-varying formation tracking for uncertain second-order nonlinearmulti-agent systems

Mao-peng RAN, Li-hua XIE, Jun-cheng LI

期刊论文

Analysis of nonlinear channel friction inverse problem

CHENG Weiping, LIU Guohua

期刊论文

Shallow foundation response variability due to soil and model parameter uncertainty

Prishati RAYCHOWDHURY,Sumit JINDAL

期刊论文

Topology optimization of transient problem with maximum dynamic response constraint using SOAR scheme

期刊论文

Effect of metal ion-doping on characteristics and photocatalytic activity of TiO

Rongfang YUAN,Beihai ZHOU,Duo HUA,Chunhong SHI

期刊论文

Implementation of an adaptive feed speed 3D NURBS interpolation algorithm

LIANG Hong-bin, WANG Yong-zhang, LI Xia

期刊论文

Biodegradation of 2-methylisoborneol by bacteria enriched from biological activated carbon

Rongfang YUAN, Beihai ZHOU, Chunhong SHI, Liying YU, Chunlei ZHANG, Junnong GU

期刊论文

Nonlinear analysis of pre-tensioned glass wall facade by stability function with initial imperfection

Siu-Lai CHAN, Yaopeng LIU, Andy LEE,

期刊论文

Adaptive selective ES-FEM limit analysis of cracked plane-strain structures

H. NGUYEN-XUAN,T. RABCZUK

期刊论文

具有领航者的二阶非线性多智能体系统在外部扰动下的同步控制

Mao-bin LU, Lu LIU

期刊论文

UNREDUCED MEGAGAMETOPHYTE FORMATION VIA SECOND DIVISION RESTITUTION CONTRIBUTES TO TETRAPLOID PRODUCTION

期刊论文