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General framework for bridge life cycle design

Junhai MA, Airong CHEN, Jun HE

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第1期   页码 50-56 doi: 10.1007/s11709-009-0004-7

摘要: Based on a detailed illustration for bridge life cycle design which comprises the processes of service life design, aesthetics design, performance design, environmental and ecological design, inspection, maintenance and repair design as well as cost analysis, this paper presented a general framework for bridge life cycle design comprising three design phases and six design processes.

关键词: bridge whole life design     design phase     design process     general framework    

Synergistic optimization framework for the process synthesis and design of biorefineries

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 251-273 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2071-9

摘要: The conceptual process design of novel bioprocesses in biorefinery setups is an important task, which remains yet challenging due to several limitations. We propose a novel framework incorporating superstructure optimization and simulation-based optimization synergistically. In this context, several approaches for superstructure optimization based on different surrogate models can be deployed. By means of a case study, the framework is introduced and validated, and the different superstructure optimization approaches are benchmarked. The results indicate that even though surrogate-based optimization approaches alleviate the underlying computational issues, there remains a potential issue regarding their validation. The development of appropriate surrogate models, comprising the selection of surrogate type, sampling type, and size for training and cross-validation sets, are essential factors. Regarding this aspect, satisfactory validation metrics do not ensure a successful outcome from its embedded use in an optimization problem. Furthermore, the framework’s synergistic effects by sequentially performing superstructure optimization to determine candidate process topologies and simulation-based optimization to consolidate the process design under uncertainty offer an alternative and promising approach. These findings invite for a critical assessment of surrogate-based optimization approaches and point out the necessity of benchmarking to ensure consistency and quality of optimized solutions.

关键词: biotechnology     surrogate modelling     superstructure optimization     simulation-based optimization     process design    

Emergency design framework: a satellite preliminary scheme design

TENG Hongfei, WANG Yishou, ZHANG Bao

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第2卷 第2期   页码 184-192 doi: 10.1007/s11465-007-0031-9

摘要: The emergency design of mechanical products or equipment (such as a satellite) is significant for disaster relief when the natural disasters occur. Most of us are unaware about the little information that is available in literature about emergency designs. Against the background of the preliminary scheme design of satellite payloads, emergency design was studied in the case of natural disasters. We presented some definitions about emergency design. Then, we proposed the basic ideas of how to realize the emergency design. These ideas were inspired by two aspects: 1) the evolutionary algorithms, the agent, the human-computer cooperation, and the collaborative design theory; 2) the emergency behaviors in ant colonies. Following the ideas, first we constructed the human computer cooperation agents (hereinafter called the HC-Agents) that combine the human intelligence with evolutionary algorithms. These HC-Agents had specific features like the division of labor in the ant colony. Second, we developed the multiagents cooperative design system on the basis of a hybrid P2P (peer-to-peer) model. Therefore, the emergency design system has shown some capabilities, such as anti-interference, adaptation, and rapid response.

关键词: significant     intelligence     P2P     hereinafter     computer cooperation    

Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第2期   页码 205-210 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0073-2

摘要: Owing to the stochastic characteristic of natural wind speed, the output fluctuation of wind farm has a negative impact on power grid when a large-scale wind farm is connected to a power grid. It is very difficult to overcome this impact only by wind farm itself. A novel power system called wind-gas turbine hybrid energy system was discussed, and the framework design of this hybrid energy system was presented in detail in this paper. The hybrid energy system combines wind farm with several small gas turbine power plants to form an integrated power station to provide a relatively firm output power. The small gas turbine power plant has such special advantages as fast start-up, shutdown, and quick load regulation to fit the requirement of the hybrid energy system. Therefore, the hybrid energy system uses the output from the small gas turbine power plants to compensate for the output fluctuation from the wind farm for the firm output from the whole power system. To put this hybrid energy system into practice, the framework must be designed first. The capacity of the wind farm is chosen according to the capacity and units of small gas turbine power plants, load requirement from power grid, and local wind energy resource distribution. Finally, a framework design case of hybrid energy system was suggested according to typical wind energy resource in Xinjiang Autonomous Region in China.

关键词: framework design     hybrid energy system     wind farm     gas turbine power plants    

A prototype online database-enabled design framework for wind analysis/design of low-rise buildings

Dae Kun KWON,Ahsan KAREEM,Deepak KUMAR,Yukio TAMURA

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第1期   页码 121-130 doi: 10.1007/s11709-015-0329-3

摘要: This study presents a development of an advanced cyberbased database-enabled design module for low-rise buildings (DEDM-LR) which provides estimation of the wind-induced responses for main wind force resisting frames by making direct use of pressure time histories measured at a large number of pressure taps over a suite of building models. These responses may be considered in lieu of code-specified load effects in which the overall accuracy may be influenced by the inherent simplifications in codes. In addition, this new automated approach is particularly attractive and advantageous as it allows a web-based online analysis/design via intuitive user-friendly interfaces for both the input and output in terms of familiar web-style forms that are nowadays very common in most of web-based services. Presently, the DEDM-LR hosts an aerodynamic database developed by the Tokyo Polytechnic University (TPU), Japan for a variety of building configurations like flat, gable, and hip roofs under suburban terrain flow condition with immediate application to other databases. The paper shows the efficacy and validity of the DEDM-LR by walking through its details and examples on selected gable-roofed buildings. The architecture of DEDM-LR platform offers the ability to pool resources by hosting other databases that may become available in the near future.

关键词: wind loads     low-rise building     pressure measurement     aerodynamics     building design     structural response     building codes     information technology (IT)    

Novel decoupled framework for reliability-based design optimization of structures using a robust shifting

Mohammad Reza GHASEMI, Charles V. CAMP, Babak DIZANGIAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 800-820 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0517-7

摘要: In a reliability-based design optimization (RBDO), computation of the failure probability ( ) at all design points through the process may suitably be avoided at the early stages. Thus, to reduce extensive computations of RBDO, one could decouple the optimization and reliability analysis. The present work proposes a new methodology for such a decoupled approach that separates optimization and reliability analysis into two procedures which significantly improve the computational efficiency of the RBDO. This technique is based on the probabilistic sensitivity approach (PSA) on the shifted probability density function. Stochastic variables are separated into two groups of desired and non-desired variables. The three-phase procedure may be summarized as: Phase 1, apply deterministic design optimization based on mean values of random variables; Phase 2, move designs toward a reliable space using PSA and finding a primary reliable optimum point; Phase 3, applying an intelligent self-adaptive procedure based on cubic B-spline interpolation functions until the targeted failure probability is reached. An improved response surface method is used for computation of failure probability. The proposed RBDO approach could significantly reduce the number of analyses required to less than 10% of conventional methods. The computational efficacy of this approach is demonstrated by solving four benchmark truss design problems published in the structural optimization literature.

关键词: reliability-based design optimization     trusses     sensitivity analysis     shifting technique     cubic B-splines     response surface method    

The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM): A framework for the design of numerical models for desired

Gui-Rong Liu

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 456-477 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0519-5

摘要:

The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM) was originated by G R Liu by combining some meshfree techniques with the well-established standard finite element method (FEM). It has a family of models carefully designed with innovative types of smoothing domains. These models are found having a number of important and theoretically profound properties. This article first provides a concise and easy-to-follow presentation of key formulations used in the S-FEM. A number of important properties and unique features of S-FEM models are discussed in detail, including 1) theoretically proven softening effects; 2) upper-bound solutions; 3) accurate solutions and higher convergence rates; 4) insensitivity to mesh distortion; 5) Jacobian-free; 6) volumetric-locking-free; and most importantly 7) working well with triangular and tetrahedral meshes that can be automatically generated. The S-FEM is thus ideal for automation in computations and adaptive analyses, and hence has profound impact on AI-assisted modeling and simulation. Most importantly, one can now purposely design an S-FEM model to obtain solutions with special properties as wish, meaning that S-FEM offers a framework for design numerical models with desired properties. This novel concept of numerical model on-demand may drastically change the landscape of modeling and simulation. Future directions of research are also provided.

关键词: computational method     finite element method     smoothed finite element method     strain smoothing technique     smoothing domain     weakened weak form     solid mechanics     softening effect     upper bound solution    

Design of bio-oil additives via molecular signature descriptors using a multi-stage computer-aided moleculardesign framework

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 168-182 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2056-8

摘要: Direct application of bio-oil from fast pyrolysis as a fuel has remained a challenge due to its undesirable attributes such as low heating value, high viscosity, high corrosiveness and storage instability. Solvent addition is a simple method for circumventing these disadvantages to allow further processing and storage. In this work, computer-aided molecular design tools were developed to design optimal solvents to upgrade bio-oil whilst having low environmental impact. Firstly, target solvent requirements were translated into measurable physical properties. As different property prediction models consist different levels of structural information, molecular signature descriptor was used as a common platform to formulate the design problem. Because of the differences in the required structural information of different property prediction models, signatures of different heights were needed in formulating the design problem. Due to the combinatorial nature of higher-order signatures, the complexity of a computer-aided molecular design problem increases with the height of signatures. Thus, a multi-stage framework was developed by developing consistency rules that restrict the number of higher-order signatures. Finally, phase stability analysis was conducted to evaluate the stability of the solvent-oil blend. As a result, optimal solvents that improve the solvent-oil blend properties while displaying low environmental impact were identified.

关键词: computer-aided molecular design     bio-oil additives     molecular signature descriptor    

Computational design of structured chemical products

Faheem Mushtaq, Xiang Zhang, Ka Y. Fung, Ka M. Ng

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第5期   页码 1033-1049 doi: 10.1007/s11705-020-2002-1

摘要: In chemical product design, the aim is to formulate a product with desired performance. Ingredients and internal product structure are two key drivers of product performance with direct impact on the mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties. Thus, there is a keen interest in elucidating the dependence of product performance on ingredients, structure, and the manufacturing process to form the structure. Design of product structure, particularly microstructure, is an intrinsically complex problem that involves different phases of different physicochemical properties, mass fraction, morphology, size distribution, and interconnectivity. Recently, computational methods have emerged that assist systematic microstructure quantification and prediction. The objective of this paper is to review these computational methods and to show how these methods as well as other developments in product design can work seamlessly in a proposed performance, ingredients, structure, and manufacturing process framework for the design of structured chemical products. It begins with the desired target properties and key ingredients. This is followed by computation for microstructure and then selection of processing steps to realize this microstructure. The framework is illustrated with the design of nanodielectric and die attach adhesive products.

关键词: product design     performance     ingredients     structure     manufacturing process framework     structured chemical products     microstructure design    

Optimization and simultaneous heat integration design of a coal-based ethylene glycol refining process

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第9期   页码 1280-1288 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2301-4

摘要: Coal to ethylene glycol still lacks algorithm optimization achievements for distillation sequencing due to high-dimension and strong nonconvexity characteristics, although there are numerous reports on horizontal comparisons and process revamping. This scenario triggers the navigation in this paper into the simultaneous optimization of parameters and heat integration of the coal to ethylene glycol distillation scheme and double-effect superstructure by the self-adapting dynamic differential evolution algorithm. To mitigate the influence of the strong nonconvexity, a redistribution strategy is adopted that forcibly expands the population search domain by exerting external influence and then shrinks it again to judge the global optimal solution. After two redistributive operations under the parallel framework, the total annual cost and CO2 emissions are 0.61%/1.85% better for the optimized process and 3.74%/14.84% better for the superstructure than the sequential optimization. However, the thermodynamic efficiency of sequential optimization is 11.63% and 10.34% higher than that of simultaneous optimization. This study discloses the unexpected great energy-saving potential for the coal to ethylene glycol process that has long been unknown, as well as the strong ability of the self-adapting dynamic differential evolution algorithm to optimize processes described by the high-dimensional mathematical model.

关键词: ethylene glycol     redistribution     heat integration     optimization     parallel framework    

Evaluation of the situational awareness effects for smart distribution networks under the novel designof indicator framework and hybrid weighting method

Leijiao GE, Yuanliang LI, Suxuan LI, Jiebei ZHU, Jun YAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第1期   页码 143-158 doi: 10.1007/s11708-020-0703-2

摘要: As a key application of smart grid technologies, the smart distribution network (SDN) is expected to have a high diversity of equipment and complexity of operation patterns. Situational awareness (SA), which aims to provide a critical visibility of the SDN, will enable a significant assurance for stable SDN operations. However, the lack of systematic evaluation through the three stages of perception, comprehensive, and prediction may prevent the SA technique from effectively achieving the performance necessary to monitor and respond to events in SDN. To analyze the feasibility and effectiveness of the SA technique for the SDN, a comprehensive evaluation framework with specific performance indicators and systematic weighting methods is proposed in this paper. Besides, to implement the indicator framework while addressing the key issues of human expert scoring ambiguity and the lack of data in specific SDN areas, an improved interval-based analytic hierarchy process-based subjective weighting and a multi-objective programming method-based objective weighting are developed to evaluate the SDN SA performance. In addition, a case study in a real distribution network of Tianjin China is conducted whose outcomes verify the practicality and effectiveness of the proposed SA technique for SDN operating security.

关键词: distribution networks     operation and maintenance     expert systems    

一种集成的统一建模语言框架

Mohammad ALSHAYEB,Nasser KHASHAN,Sajjad MAHMOOD

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2016年 第17卷 第2期   页码 143-159 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1500094

摘要:

The unified modeling language (UML) is one of the most commonly used modeling languages in the software industry.It simplifies the complex process of design by providing a set of graphical notations, which helps express the objectoriented analysis and design of software projects. Although UML is applicable to different types of systems, domains, methods,and processes, it cannot express certain problem domain needs. Therefore, many extensions to UML have been proposed. In this paper, we propose a framework for integrating the UML extensions and then use the framework to propose an integrated unified modeling language-graphical (iUML-g) form. iUML-g integrates the existing UML extensions into one integrated form. This includes an integrated diagram for UML class, sequence, and use case diagrams. The proposed approach is evaluated using a case study. The proposed iUML-g is capable of modeling systems that use different domains.

关键词: Unified modeling language (UML)     Integration     Modeling     System analysis and design    

Metal-organic framework UiO-66 membranes

Xinlei Liu

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第2期   页码 216-232 doi: 10.1007/s11705-019-1857-5

摘要: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a class of promising membrane materials. UiO-66 is a prototypical and stable MOF material with a number of analogues. In this article, we review five approaches for fabricating UiO-66 polycrystalline membranes including synthesis, secondary synthesis, biphase synthesis, gas-phase deposition and electrochemical deposition, as well as their applications in gas separation, pervaporation, nanofiltration and ion separation. On this basis, we propose possible methods for scalable synthesis of UiO-66 membranes and their potential separation applications in the future.

关键词: membrane     metal-organic framework     UiO-66     separation    

Livelihood transformation from fishing to tourism: an adaptive sustainable livelihood framework for understanding

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024560

摘要: Livelihood transformation from fishing to tourism: an adaptive sustainable livelihood framework for understanding lakeside communities of China

关键词: communities China     livelihood framework lakeside    

A temporal framework for building up of healthy soils PERSPECTIVE

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2024年 第11卷 第2期   页码 292-296 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2024561

摘要:

A temporal framework for building up of healthy soils

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

General framework for bridge life cycle design

Junhai MA, Airong CHEN, Jun HE

期刊论文

Synergistic optimization framework for the process synthesis and design of biorefineries

期刊论文

Emergency design framework: a satellite preliminary scheme design

TENG Hongfei, WANG Yishou, ZHANG Bao

期刊论文

Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

期刊论文

A prototype online database-enabled design framework for wind analysis/design of low-rise buildings

Dae Kun KWON,Ahsan KAREEM,Deepak KUMAR,Yukio TAMURA

期刊论文

Novel decoupled framework for reliability-based design optimization of structures using a robust shifting

Mohammad Reza GHASEMI, Charles V. CAMP, Babak DIZANGIAN

期刊论文

The smoothed finite element method (S-FEM): A framework for the design of numerical models for desired

Gui-Rong Liu

期刊论文

Design of bio-oil additives via molecular signature descriptors using a multi-stage computer-aided moleculardesign framework

期刊论文

Computational design of structured chemical products

Faheem Mushtaq, Xiang Zhang, Ka Y. Fung, Ka M. Ng

期刊论文

Optimization and simultaneous heat integration design of a coal-based ethylene glycol refining process

期刊论文

Evaluation of the situational awareness effects for smart distribution networks under the novel designof indicator framework and hybrid weighting method

Leijiao GE, Yuanliang LI, Suxuan LI, Jiebei ZHU, Jun YAN

期刊论文

一种集成的统一建模语言框架

Mohammad ALSHAYEB,Nasser KHASHAN,Sajjad MAHMOOD

期刊论文

Metal-organic framework UiO-66 membranes

Xinlei Liu

期刊论文

Livelihood transformation from fishing to tourism: an adaptive sustainable livelihood framework for understanding

期刊论文

A temporal framework for building up of healthy soils

期刊论文