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Experimental study on film combustion formed by spirally fluted horizontal tube

MEI Ning, ZHANG Bin, ZHAO Jian, ZHANG Ming

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第1期   页码 54-58 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0023-4

摘要: Falling fuel film on the spirally fluted surface of a horizontal tube can provide rapid fuel evaporation and homogeneous mixture formation. This fuel film combustion could be applied in a micro-combustion system even without a fuel pump. A test bed was established and experimental comparisons were made between the prototype and a transferred cup atomizer micro-combustor. The theoretical and experimental results show that film combustion has a higher combustion efficiency, a lower pollutant emission and a better working performance.

关键词: homogeneous     transferred     evaporation     micro-combustion     efficiency    

Application of micro-genetic algorithm for calibration of kinetic parameters in HCCI engine combustion

HUANG Haozhong, SU Wanhua

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第1期   页码 86-92 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0003-8

摘要: The micro-genetic algorithm (?GA) as a highly effective optimization method, is applied to calibrate to a newly developed reduced chemical kinetic model (40 species and 62 reactions) for the homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion of -heptane to improve its autoignition predictions for different engine operating conditions. The seven kinetic parameters of the calibrated model are determined using a combination of the Micro-Genetic Algorithm and the SENKIN program of CHEMKIN chemical kinetics software package. Simulation results show that the autoignition predictions of the calibrated model agree better with those of the detailed chemical kinetic model (544 species and 2 446 reactions) than the original model over the range of equivalence ratios from 0.1–1.3 and temperature from 300–3 000 K. The results of this study have demonstrated that the mGA is an effective tool to facilitate the calibration of a large number of kinetic parameters in a reduced kinetic model.

关键词: homogeneous     different     combustion     autoignition     compression    

Self-sustained catalytic combustion of CO enhanced by micro fluidized bed: stability operation, fluidization

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第9期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1709-x

摘要:

● Catalytic combustion in fluidized bed realizes efficient heat and mass transfer.

关键词: Self-sustained catalytic combustion     Carbon monoxide     Cu1–xCexOy     Fluidized bed     Computational fluid dynamics    

Transient process of methane-oxygen diffusion flame-street establishment in a microchannel

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 988-999 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0755-y

摘要: “Flame-street” is an interesting diffusion flame behavior in which a series of flame-segments is separately distributed along the mixing layer in a narrow channel. This experimental phenomenon was experimentally and numerically investigated with the focus on the steady-state, thermo-chemical flame structures in previous literature. In the present paper, the dynamic formation process of a methane-oxygen diffusion flame-street structure was simulated with a reacting flow solver developed based on the open-source framework OpenFOAM. By imposing a certain amount of ignition-energy near the channel outlet, a reaction-kernel was formed and bifurcated. Subsequently, three separate flames were consecutively generated from this kernel and propagated within the channel. The whole process was completed within 15 ms and all the discrete flames were eventually in a steady-state. Interestingly, different propagation features were observed for the three flame segments: The leading flame experienced a flame shape/type change from a tribrachial structure in its fast-propagating phase to a long, trailing diffusion tail after being anchored to the inlet. The successive flame had a much lower propagation speed, keeping its two wing-like (fuel-lean premixed and fuel-rich premixed) structure while moving toward its stabilization location, which was approximately in the middle of the channel. The last flame, after the ignition source was turned-off, was immediately convected a bit downstream, and eventually featured a similar two-branch-like structure as the second one. Moreover, chemical insights for the premixed and diffusion branches of the leading flame were also provided with the change of significance of some key elementary reactions focused on, in order to attain a detailed profiling of the flame-type transition. This paper is a first-ever one discussing the transient formation of flame-streets in literature and is believed to be useful for obtaining a comprehensive understanding of this unique flame characteristics from a dynamic point of view.

关键词: micro-combustion     flame-street     diffusion flame     mixing layer     flame propagation speed    

Flexible micro flow sensor for micro aerial vehicles

Rong ZHU, Ruiyi QUE, Peng LIU

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第12卷 第4期   页码 539-545 doi: 10.1007/s11465-017-0427-0

摘要:

This article summarizes our studies on micro flow sensors fabricated on a flexible polyimide circuit board by a low-cost hybrid process of thin-film deposition and circuit printing. The micro flow sensor has merits of flexibility, structural simplicity, easy integrability with circuits, and good sensing performance. The sensor, which adheres to an object surface, can detect the surface flow around the object. In our study, we install the fabricated micro flow sensors on micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) to detect the surface flow variation around the aircraft wing and deduce the aerodynamic parameters of the MAVs in flight. Wind tunnel experiments using the sensors integrated with the MAVs are also conducted.

关键词: micro flow sensor     flexible sensor     surface flow sensing     aerodynamic parameter     micro aerial vehicle (MAV)    

Combustion characteristics and kinetics of bio-oil

Ruixia ZHANG, Zhaoping ZHONG, Yaji HUANG

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第2期   页码 119-124 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0068-x

摘要: The combustion characteristics of bio-oils derived from rice husk and corn were studied by thermogravimetry analysis. According to the thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermogravimetry (DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) curves of bio-oils in air and nitrogen atmosphere, we analyzed the combustion characteristics of different kinds of bio-oils in different atmospheres and worked out the combustion kinetics parameters of the bio-oil, providing reliable base data for the burning of bio-oil. The thermogravimetry indicated that the combustion process of bio-oil was divided into three stages. At the same time, the combustion process can be described by different order reaction models, and with the method of Coats-Redfern, the activation energy and frequency factor of different kinds of bio-oils were obtained.

关键词: bio-oil     combustion characteristics     combustion kinetics    

Numerical simulation of laminar premixed combustion in a porous burner

ZHAO Pinghui, CHEN Yiliang, LIU Minghou, DING Min, ZHANG Genxuan

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 233-238 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0032-8

摘要: Premixed combustion in porous media differs substantially from combustion in free space. The interphase heat transfer between a gas mixture and a porous medium becomes dominant in the premixed combustion process. In this paper, the premixed combustion of CH

关键词: interphase     mixture     dominant     Premixed combustion     premixed combustion    

Dependence of error sensitivity of frequency on bias voltage in force-balanced micro accelerometer

Lili CHEN, Wu ZHOU

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第8卷 第2期   页码 146-149 doi: 10.1007/s11465-013-0260-z

摘要:

To predict more precisely the frequency of force-balanced micro accelerometer with different bias voltages, the effects of bias voltages on error sensitivity of frequency is studied. The resonance frequency of accelerometer under closed loop control is derived according to its operation principle, and its error sensitivity is derived and analyzed under over etching structure according to the characteristics of Deep Reaction Ion Etching (DRIE). Based on the theoretical results, micro accelerometer is fabricated and tested to study the influences of AC bias voltage and DC bias voltage on sensitivity, respectively. Experimental results indicate that the relative errors between test data and theory data are less than 7%, and the fluctuating value of error sensitivity under the range of voltage adjustment is less than 0.01 μm . It is concluded that the error sensitivity with designed parameters of structure, circuit and process error can be used to predict the frequency of accelerometer with no need to consider the influence of bias voltage.

关键词: Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)     micro accelerometer     force-balanced micro accelerometer     frequency     error sensitivity    

Entropy production analysis of swirling diffusion combustion processes

Deodat MAKHANLALL, Linhua LIU,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第3期   页码 326-332 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0058-1

摘要: A critical factor in the design of combustion systems for optimum fuel economy and emission performance lies in adequately predicting thermodynamic irreversibilities associated with transport and chemical processes. The objective of this study is to map these irreversibilities in terms of entropy production for methane combustion. The numerical solution of the combustion process is conducted with the help of a Fluent 6.1.22 computer code, and the volumetric entropy production rate due to chemical reaction, viscous dissipation, and mass and heat transfer are calculated as post-processed quantities with the computed data of the reaction rates, fluid velocity, temperature and radiative intensity. This paper shows that radiative heat transfer, which is an important source of entropy production, cannot be omitted for combustion systems. The study is extended by conducting a parametric investigation to include the effects of wall emissivity, optical thickness, swirl number, and Boltzmann number on entropy production. Global entropy production rates decrease with the increase in swirl velocity, wall emissivity and optical thickness. Introducing swirling air into the combustion system and operations with the appropriate Boltzmann number reduces the irreversibility affected regions and improves energy utilization efficiency.

关键词: entropy-based design     radiation transfer     swirl     magnussen combustion-model    

Study on combustion characteristics of blended coals

LI Yonghua, WANG Chunbo, CHEN Hongwei

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第1期   页码 96-100 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0010-1

摘要: Power plants in China have to burn blended coal instead of one specific coal for a variety of reasons. So it is of great necessity to investigate the combustion of blended coals. Using a test rig with a capacity of 640 MJ/h with an absolute milling system and flue gas online analysis system, characteristics such as burnout, slag, and pollution of some blended coals were investigated. The ratio of coke and slag as a method of distinguishing coal slagging characteristic was introduced. The results show that the blending of coal has some effect on NO but there is no obvious rule. SO emission can be reduced by blending low sulfur coal.

关键词: combustion     capacity     variety     blended     burnout    

Recent progress in electric-field assisted combustion: a brief review

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第6期   页码 883-899 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0770-z

摘要: The control of combustion is a hot and classical topic. Among the combustion technologies, electric-field assisted combustion is an advanced techno-logy that enjoys major advantages such as fast response and low power consumption compared with thermal power. However, its fundamental principle and impacts on the flames are complicated due to the coupling between physics, chemistry, and electromagnetics. In the last two decades, tremendous efforts have been made to understand electric-field assisted combustion. New observations have been reported based on different combustion systems and improved diagnostics. The main impacts, including flame stabilization, emission reduction, and flame propagation, have been revealed by both simulative and experimental studies. These findings significantly facilitate the application of electric-field assisted combustion. This brief review is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent progress of this combustion technology and further point out research opportunities worth investigation.

关键词: electric field     combustion     flame stabilization     emission reduction     flame propagation    

Numerical simulation of micro scale flowing and boiling

Wen WANG, Rui ZHUAN,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第4期   页码 396-401 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0049-2

摘要: Numerical simulations of flowing and boiling in micro channels are presented, including the modeling of bubble dynamics of nucleate boiling, and a description of the interface of two phases with the volume-of-fluid (VOF). The two calculated cases are compared with related experimental data in literature. Some simulated results are found corresponding well to the experimental data. The simulated results also show the details of 3-dimensional heat transfer and the flow in micro channels, which are helpful to the investigation of the mechanism of two-phase heat transfer and flow in micro channels.

关键词: volume-of-fluid (VOF)     micro channel     nucleate boiling     bubble dynamics     simulation    

Dynamical research on spherical micro actuator with piezoelectric ceramic stacks drivers

ZHANG Ruihua, CHEN Haichu

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第2卷 第4期   页码 433-438 doi: 10.1007/s11465-007-0074-y

摘要: This paper develops a 30 mm × 30 mm × 50 mm spherical micro actuator driven by piezoelectric ceramic stacks (PZT), and analyzes its dynamic performances. First, the space coordinate relationship of the spherical micro actuator and a dynamic model are set up. Second, The Runge-Kutta arithmetic is used to calculate the dynamical parameters of the micro actuator; the SIMULINK module of MATLAB is used to build the dynamical simulating model and then simulate it. Third, an experimental sample of the spherical micro actuator is developed, a micromanipulator is integrated with a micro-gripper based on the sample spherical micro actuator, and the experimental research on the micro assembly is conducted between a micro shaft of 180 μm and a micro spindle sleeve of 200 μm. Finally, the characteristics of the spherical micro actuator influenced by the mass of the metal sphere of the micro actuator, driving signal frequency, friction coefficient of the contact surface between the metal sphere and the friction block of the micro driving unit are analyzed. The experimental results indicate that the rotation resolution of the micro actuator reaches 0.000 1°, the rotation positioning precision reaches 0.000 5°, and the maximum working frequency is about 1200 Hz. The experimental results validate the back rotation vibration model of the spherical micro actuator. The micromanipulator integrated by the spherical micro actuator can meet the requirements of precise micro operation and assembly for micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) or other microelements in micro degree fields.

关键词: spherical     micro-gripper     friction coefficient     dynamic     frequency    

Catalytic combustion of volatile organic compounds using perovskite oxides catalysts—a review

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期   页码 1649-1676 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2324-x

摘要: With the rapid development of industry, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are gaining attention as a class of pollutants that need to be eliminated due to their adverse effects on the environment and human health. Catalytic combustion is the most popular technology used for the removal of VOCs as it can be adapted to different organic emissions under mild conditions. This review first introduces the hazards of VOCs, their treatment technologies, and summarizes the treatment mechanism issues. Next, the characteristics and catalytic performance of perovskite oxides as catalysts for VOC removal are expounded, with a special focus on lattice distortions and surface defects caused by metal doping and surface modifications, and on the treatment of different VOCs. The challenges and the prospects regarding the design of perovskite oxides catalysts for the catalytic combustion of VOCs are also discussed. This review provides a reference base for improving the performance of perovskite catalysts to treat VOCs.

关键词: perovskite oxides     volatile organic compounds     catalytic combustion     reaction mechanism    

Impact of oxygen enriched combustion on the performance of a single cylinder diesel engine

K. RAJKUMAR, P. GOVINDARAJAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 398-403 doi: 10.1007/s11708-011-0157-7

摘要: In the present experiment, a computerized single cylinder diesel engine with a data acquisition system was used to study the effects of oxygen enriched combustion technology (OECT) on the performance characteristics. The use of different levels of oxygen-enriched air was compared with respect to percentage load. Increasing the oxygen content in the air leads to faster burn rates and increases the combustibility at the same stoichiometry (oxygen-to-fuel ratio). These effects have the potential to increase the thermal efficiency and specific power output of a diesel engine. The power increases considerably with oxygen enrichment. In addition, oxygen enrichment can also be considered as a way to reduce the sudden loss in power output when the engine operates in a high load condition. Assessed high combustion temperature from the oxygen enriched combustion leads to high combustion efficiency. OECT reduces the volume of flue gases and reduces the effects of greenhouse effects. Engine tests were conducted in the above said engine for different loads and the following performance characteristics like brake power (BP), specific fuel consumption (SFC), mean effective pressure, brake thermal efficiency, mechanical efficiency, and exhaust gas temperature were studied. The objective of this paper is to address, in a systematic way, the key technical issues associated with applying OECT to single cylinder diesel engines.

关键词: oxygen enriched combustion     exhaust gas temperature     brake power (BP)     specific fuel consumption (SFC)    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Experimental study on film combustion formed by spirally fluted horizontal tube

MEI Ning, ZHANG Bin, ZHAO Jian, ZHANG Ming

期刊论文

Application of micro-genetic algorithm for calibration of kinetic parameters in HCCI engine combustion

HUANG Haozhong, SU Wanhua

期刊论文

Self-sustained catalytic combustion of CO enhanced by micro fluidized bed: stability operation, fluidization

期刊论文

Transient process of methane-oxygen diffusion flame-street establishment in a microchannel

期刊论文

Flexible micro flow sensor for micro aerial vehicles

Rong ZHU, Ruiyi QUE, Peng LIU

期刊论文

Combustion characteristics and kinetics of bio-oil

Ruixia ZHANG, Zhaoping ZHONG, Yaji HUANG

期刊论文

Numerical simulation of laminar premixed combustion in a porous burner

ZHAO Pinghui, CHEN Yiliang, LIU Minghou, DING Min, ZHANG Genxuan

期刊论文

Dependence of error sensitivity of frequency on bias voltage in force-balanced micro accelerometer

Lili CHEN, Wu ZHOU

期刊论文

Entropy production analysis of swirling diffusion combustion processes

Deodat MAKHANLALL, Linhua LIU,

期刊论文

Study on combustion characteristics of blended coals

LI Yonghua, WANG Chunbo, CHEN Hongwei

期刊论文

Recent progress in electric-field assisted combustion: a brief review

期刊论文

Numerical simulation of micro scale flowing and boiling

Wen WANG, Rui ZHUAN,

期刊论文

Dynamical research on spherical micro actuator with piezoelectric ceramic stacks drivers

ZHANG Ruihua, CHEN Haichu

期刊论文

Catalytic combustion of volatile organic compounds using perovskite oxides catalysts—a review

期刊论文

Impact of oxygen enriched combustion on the performance of a single cylinder diesel engine

K. RAJKUMAR, P. GOVINDARAJAN

期刊论文