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A novel energy loss model and optimization design of the coin chute flection curve

Qinghua LIANG, Jinqiu MO, Weizhong GUO

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第7卷 第1期   页码 38-46 doi: 10.1007/s11465-012-0311-x

摘要:

In this paper, we propose a novel design model based on the energy loss of the coin (ELM model) to optimize the flection curve, which is widely used in coin operated machines. Two different kinds of energy loss models are analyzed according to dynamic characteristics of the coin falling movement. The flection curve is constructed based on cubic quasi-uniform B-spline with the data points and end points derivatives as inputs, and the curve model is governed and affected by energy loss equations, allowing to minimize the total energy loss before the coin arrives at the detecting position, thus to reduce the energy loss and collisions between the coin and the flection, thus to improve the testing accuracy. A case study with a typical Chinese currency coin shows the effectiveness of the model using GA optimization toolbox.

关键词: flection curve     B-spline     energy loss model (ELM model)     optimization design    

Impact of crude distillation unit model accuracy on refinery production planning

Gang FU, Pedro A. Castillo CASTILLO, Vladimir MAHALEC

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2018年 第5卷 第2期   页码 195-201 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017052

摘要: In this work, we examine the impact of crude distillation unit (CDU) model errors on the results of refinery-wide optimization for production planning or feedstock selection. We compare the swing cut+ bias CDU model with a recently developed hybrid CDU model (Fu et al., 2016). The hybrid CDU model computes material and energy balances, as well as product true boiling point (TBP) curves and bulk properties (e.g., sulfur % and cetane index, and other properties). Product TBP curves are predicted with an average error of 0.5% against rigorous simulation curves. Case studies of optimal operation computed using a planning model that is based on the swing cut+ bias CDU model and using a planning model that incorporates the hybrid CDU model are presented. Our results show that significant economic benefits can be obtained using accurate CDU models in refinery production planning.

关键词: impact of model accuracy on production planning     swing cut+ bias CDU model     hybrid CDU model     refinery feedstock selection optimization     optimization of refinery operation    

Optimization model for rotor blades of horizontal axis wind turbines

LIU Xiong, CHEN Yan, YE Zhiquan

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第2卷 第4期   页码 483-488 doi: 10.1007/s11465-007-0084-9

摘要: This paper presents an optimization model for rotor blades of horizontal axis wind turbines. The model refers to the wind speed distribution function on the specific wind site, with an objective to satisfy the maximum annual energy output. To speed up the search process and guarantee a global optimal result, the extended compact genetic algorithm (ECGA) is used to carry out the search process. Compared with the simple genetic algorithm, ECGA runs much faster and can get more accurate results with a much smaller population size and fewer function evaluations. Using the developed optimization program, blades of a 1.3 MW stall-regulated wind turbine are designed. Compared with the existing blades, the designed blades have obviously better aerodynamic performance.

关键词: population     extended     algorithm     developed optimization     accurate    

Particle swarm optimization model to predict scour depth around a bridge pier

Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND, Amir MOSAVI, Timon RABCZUK

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第4期   页码 855-866 doi: 10.1007/s11709-020-0619-2

摘要: Scour depth around bridge piers plays a vital role in the safety and stability of the bridges. The former approaches used in the prediction of scour depth are based on regression models or black box models in which the first one lacks enough accuracy while the later one does not provide a clear mathematical expression to easily employ it for other situations or cases. Therefore, this paper aims to develop new equations using particle swarm optimization as a metaheuristic approach to predict scour depth around bridge piers. To improve the efficiency of the proposed model, individual equations are derived for laboratory and field data. Moreover, sensitivity analysis is conducted to achieve the most effective parameters in the estimation of scour depth for both experimental and filed data sets. Comparing the results of the proposed model with those of existing regression-based equations reveal the superiority of the proposed method in terms of accuracy and uncertainty. Moreover, the ratio of pier width to flow depth and ratio of 50 (mean particle diameter) to flow depth for the laboratory and field data were recognized as the most effective parameters, respectively. The derived equations can be used as a suitable proxy to estimate scour depth in both experimental and prototype scales.

关键词: scour depth     bridge design and construction     particle swarm optimization     computational mechanics     artificial intelligence     bridge pier    

New response surface model and its applications in aerodynamic optimization of axial compressor blade

LIU Xiaojia, NING Fangfei

《能源前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第4期   页码 541-549 doi: 10.1007/s11708-008-0077-3

摘要: A parametric method for the axial compressor 2D blade profiles is proposed in which the blade geometries are defined with the parameters commonly used for blade definition, which ensures that the geometric significance is clear and an unreasonable blade profile is not generated. Several illustrations are presented to show the fitting precision of the method. A novel response surface model is proposed which regards the objective distribution function in the vicinity of a sample as normal school, and then generates the response surface function in the whole design space by a linear combination of distribution functions of all the samples. Based on this model, a numerical aerodynamic optimization platform for the axial compressor 2D blade profiles is developed, by which aerodynamic optimization of two compressor blade profiles are presented.

关键词: definition     objective distribution     fitting precision     combination     numerical aerodynamic    

Vibration-based crack prediction on a beam model using hybrid butterfly optimization algorithm with artificial

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s11709-022-0840-2

摘要: Vibration-based damage detection methods have become widely used because of their advantages over traditional methods. This paper presents a new approach to identify the crack depth in steel beam structures based on vibration analysis using the Finite Element Method (FEM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) combined with Butterfly Optimization Algorithm (BOA). ANN is quite successful in such identification issues, but it has some limitations, such as reduction of error after system training is complete, which means the output does not provide optimal results. This paper improves ANN training after introducing BOA as a hybrid model (BOA-ANN). Natural frequencies are used as input parameters and crack depth as output. The data are collected from improved FEM using simulation tools (ABAQUS) based on different crack depths and locations as the first stage. Next, data are collected from experimental analysis of cracked beams based on different crack depths and locations to test the reliability of the presented technique. The proposed approach, compared to other methods, can predict crack depth with improved accuracy.

关键词: damage prediction     ANN     BOA     FEM     experimental modal analysis    

An integrated model for structure optimization and technology screening of urban wastewater systems

Yue HUANG,Xin DONG,Siyu ZENG,Jining CHEN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第6期   页码 1036-1048 doi: 10.1007/s11783-015-0792-z

摘要: The conventional approach to wastewater system design and planning considers each component separately and does not provide the optimum performance of the entire system. However, the growing concern for environmental protection, economic efficiency, and sustainability of urban wastewater systems requires an integrated modeling of subsystems and a synthetic evaluation of multiple objectives. In this study, a multi-objective optimization model of an integrated urban wastewater system was developed. The model encompasses subsystems, such as a sewer system, stormwater management, municipal wastewater treatment, and a wastewater reclamation system. The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) was used to generate a range of system design possibilities to optimize conflicting environmental and economic objectives. Information from a knowledge base, which included rules for generating treatment trains as well as the performance characteristics of commonly used water pollution control measures, was utilized. The trade-off relationships between the objectives, total water pollution loads to the environment, and life cycle costs (which consist of investment as well as operation and maintenance costs), can be illustrated using Pareto charts. The developed model can be used to assist decision makers in the preliminary planning of system structure. A benchmark city was constructed to illustrate the methods of multi-objective controls, highlight cost-effective water pollution control measures, and identify the main pressures on urban water environment.

关键词: urban wastewater system     integrated modeling     multi-objective optimization     non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II)    

Optimization model analysis of centralized groundwater source heat pump system in heating season

Shilei LU,Yunfang QI,Zhe CAI,Yiran LI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 343-361 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0372-8

摘要: The ground-water heat-pump system (GWHP) provides a high efficient way for heating and cooling while consuming a little electrical energy. Due to the lack of scientific guidance for operating control strategy, the coefficient of performance (COP) of the system and units are still very low. In this paper, the running strategy of GWHP was studied. First, the groundwater thermal transfer calculation under slow heat transfixion and transient heat transfixion was established by calculating the heat transfer simulation software Flow Heat and using correction factor. Next, heating parameters were calculated based on the building heat load and the terminal equipment characteristic equation. Then, the energy consumption calculation model for units and pumps were established, based on which the optimization method and constraints were established. Finally, a field test on a GWHP system in Beijing was conducted and the model was applied. The new system operation optimization idea for taking every part of the GWHP into account that put forward in this paper has an important guiding significance to the actual operation of underground water source heat pump.

关键词: optimization model     groundwater source heat pump system     theoretical analysis     example verification     heating season    

Geometric optimization model for the solar cavity receiver with helical pipe at different solar radiation

Chongzhe ZOU, Huayi FENG, Yanping ZHANG, Quentin FALCOZ, Cheng ZHANG, Wei GAO

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 284-295 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0613-3

摘要: In consideration of geometric parameters, several researches have already optimized the thermal efficiency of the cylindrical cavity receiver. However, most of the optimal results have been achieved at a fixed solar radiation. At different direct normal irradiance (DNI), any single optimal result may not be suitable enough for different regions over the world. This study constructed a 3-D numerical model of cylindrical cavity receiver with DNI variation. In the model of a cylindrical cavity receiver containing a helical pipe, the heat losses of the cavity and heat transfer of working medium were also taken into account. The simulation results show that for a particular DNI in the range of 400 W/m to 800 W/m , there exists a best design for achieving a highest thermal efficiency of the cavity receiver. Besides, for a receiver in constant geometric parameters, the total heat losses increases dramatically with the DNI increasing in that range, as well as the temperature of the working medium. The thermal efficiency presented a different variation tendency with the heat losses, which is 2.45% as a minimum decline. In summary, this paper proposed an optimization method in the form of a bunch of fitting curves which could be applied to receiver design in different DNI regions, with comparatively appropriate thermal performances.

关键词: cylindrical cavity receiver     3-D numerical simulation     geometric optimization     direct normal irradiation    

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internalmodel controller for wind turbines systems driven SCIG

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 742-756 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0462-x

摘要: Under the trends to using renewable energy sources as alternatives to the traditional ones, it is important to contribute to the fast growing development of these sources by using powerful soft computing methods. In this context, this paper introduces a novel structure to optimize and control the energy produced from a variable speed wind turbine which is based on a squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) and connected to the grid. The optimization strategy of the harvested power from the wind is realized by a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm based on fuzzy logic, and the control strategy of the generator is implemented by means of an internal model (IM) controller. Three IM controllers are incorporated in the vector control technique, as an alternative to the proportional integral (PI) controller, to implement the proposed optimization strategy. The MPPT in conjunction with the IM controller is proposed as an alternative to the traditional tip speed ratio (TSR) technique, to avoid any disturbance such as wind speed measurement and wind turbine (WT) characteristic uncertainties. Based on the simulation results of a six KW-WECS model in Matlab/Simulink, the presented control system topology is reliable and keeps the system operation around the desired response.

关键词: power optimization     wind energy conversion system     maximum power point tracking (MPPT)     fuzzy logic     internal model (IM) controller    

Decision support for the development, simulation and optimization of dynamic process models

Norbert Asprion, Roger Böttcher, Jan Schwientek, Johannes Höller, Patrick Schwartz, Charlie Vanaret, Michael Bortz

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 210-220 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2046-x

摘要: Simulation is besides experimentation the major method for designing, analyzing and optimizing chemical processes. The ability of simulations to reflect real process behavior strongly depends on model quality. Validation and adaption of process models are usually based on available plant data. Using such a model in various simulation and optimization studies can support the process designer in his task. Beneath steady state models there is also a growing demand for dynamic models either to adapt faster to changing conditions or to reflect batch operation. In this contribution challenges of extending an existing decision support framework for steady state models to dynamic models will be discussed and the resulting opportunities will be demonstrated for distillation and reactor examples.

关键词: decision support     multicriteria optimization     model validation     dynamic model     sensitivity analysis    

Finite element model updating of a large structure using multi-setup stochastic subspace identificationmethod and bees optimization algorithm

Reza KHADEMI-ZAHEDI, Pouyan ALIMOURI

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 965-980 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0530-x

摘要: In the present contribution, operational modal analysis in conjunction with bees optimization algorithm are utilized to update the finite element model of a solar power plant structure. The physical parameters which required to be updated are uncertain parameters including geometry, material properties and boundary conditions of the aforementioned structure. To determine these uncertain parameters, local and global sensitivity analyses are performed to increase the solution accuracy. An objective function is determined using the sum of the squared errors between the natural frequencies calculated by finite element method and operational modal analysis, which is optimized using bees optimization algorithm. The natural frequencies of the solar power plant structure are estimated by multi-setup stochastic subspace identification method which is considered as a strong and efficient method in operational modal analysis. The proposed algorithm is efficiently implemented on the solar power plant structure located in Shahid Chamran university of Ahvaz, Iran, to update parameters of its finite element model. Moreover, computed natural frequencies by numerical method are compared with those of the operational modal analysis. The results indicate that, bees optimization algorithm leads accurate results with fast convergence.

关键词: operational modal analysis     solar power plant structure     multi-setup stochastic subspace     bees optimization algorithm     sensitivity analysis    

Extended model predictive control scheme for smooth path following of autonomous vehicles

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第1期   页码 4-4 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0660-4

摘要: This paper presents an extended model predictive control (MPC) scheme for implementing optimal path following of autonomous vehicles, which has multiple constraints and an integrated model of vehicle and road dynamics. Road curvature and inclination factors are used in the construction of the vehicle dynamic model to describe its lateral and roll dynamics accurately. Sideslip, rollover, and vehicle envelopes are used as multiple constraints in the MPC controller formulation. Then, an extended MPC method solved by differential evolution optimization algorithm is proposed to realize optimal smooth path following based on driving path features. Finally, simulation and real experiments are carried out to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the extended MPC scheme. Results indicate that the proposed method can obtain the smooth transition to follow the optimal drivable path and satisfy the lateral dynamic stability and environmental constraints, which can improve the path following quality for better ride comfort and road availability of autonomous vehicles.

关键词: autonomous vehicles     vehicle dynamic modeling     model predictive control     path following     optimization algorithm    

Unified cycle model of a class of internal combustion engines and their optimum performance characteristics

Shiyan ZHENG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第4期   页码 367-375 doi: 10.1007/s11708-011-0170-x

摘要: The unified cycle model of a class of internal combustion engines is presented, in which the influence of the multi-irreversibilities mainly resulting from the adiabatic processes, finite-time processes and heat leak loss through the cylinder wall on the performance of the cycle are taken into account. Based on the thermodynamic analysis method, the mathematical expressions of the power output and efficiency of the cycle are calculated and some important characteristic curves are given. The influence of the various design parameters such as the high-low pressure ratio, the high-low temperature ratio, the compression and expansion isentropic efficiencies etc. on the performance of the cycle is analyzed. The optimum criteria of some important parameters such as the power output, efficiency and pressure ratio are derived. The results obtained from this unified cycle model are very general and useful, from which the optimal performance of the Atkinson, Otto, Diesel, Dual and Miller heat engines and some new heat engines can be directly derived.

关键词: internal combustion engine     irreversibility     power output     efficiency     optimization    

Multi-objective dynamic optimization model for China’s road transport energy technology switching

Dan GAO , Zheng LI , Feng FU , Linwei MA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 247-253 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0048-3

摘要: Deducting the future switching of the road transport energy technology is one of the key preconditions for relative technology development planning. However, one of the difficulties is to address the issue of multi-objective and conflicting constrains, e.g., minimizing the climate mitigation or minimizing economic cost. In this paper, a dynamic optimization model was established, which can be used to analyze the road transport energy technology switching under multi-objective constrains. Through one case study, a series of solutions could be derived to provide decision-makers with the flexibility to choose the appropriate solution with respect to the given situation.

关键词: technology switching     transport energy system     multi-objective     CO2 mitigation    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

A novel energy loss model and optimization design of the coin chute flection curve

Qinghua LIANG, Jinqiu MO, Weizhong GUO

期刊论文

Impact of crude distillation unit model accuracy on refinery production planning

Gang FU, Pedro A. Castillo CASTILLO, Vladimir MAHALEC

期刊论文

Optimization model for rotor blades of horizontal axis wind turbines

LIU Xiong, CHEN Yan, YE Zhiquan

期刊论文

Particle swarm optimization model to predict scour depth around a bridge pier

Shahaboddin SHAMSHIRBAND, Amir MOSAVI, Timon RABCZUK

期刊论文

New response surface model and its applications in aerodynamic optimization of axial compressor blade

LIU Xiaojia, NING Fangfei

期刊论文

Vibration-based crack prediction on a beam model using hybrid butterfly optimization algorithm with artificial

期刊论文

An integrated model for structure optimization and technology screening of urban wastewater systems

Yue HUANG,Xin DONG,Siyu ZENG,Jining CHEN

期刊论文

Optimization model analysis of centralized groundwater source heat pump system in heating season

Shilei LU,Yunfang QI,Zhe CAI,Yiran LI

期刊论文

Geometric optimization model for the solar cavity receiver with helical pipe at different solar radiation

Chongzhe ZOU, Huayi FENG, Yanping ZHANG, Quentin FALCOZ, Cheng ZHANG, Wei GAO

期刊论文

Novel power capture optimization based sensorless maximum power point tracking strategy and internalmodel controller for wind turbines systems driven SCIG

Ali EL YAAKOUBI,Kamal ATTARI,Adel ASSELMAN,Abdelouahed DJEBLI

期刊论文

Decision support for the development, simulation and optimization of dynamic process models

Norbert Asprion, Roger Böttcher, Jan Schwientek, Johannes Höller, Patrick Schwartz, Charlie Vanaret, Michael Bortz

期刊论文

Finite element model updating of a large structure using multi-setup stochastic subspace identificationmethod and bees optimization algorithm

Reza KHADEMI-ZAHEDI, Pouyan ALIMOURI

期刊论文

Extended model predictive control scheme for smooth path following of autonomous vehicles

期刊论文

Unified cycle model of a class of internal combustion engines and their optimum performance characteristics

Shiyan ZHENG

期刊论文

Multi-objective dynamic optimization model for China’s road transport energy technology switching

Dan GAO , Zheng LI , Feng FU , Linwei MA

期刊论文