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Search for a natural scientific measure of economy

John E COULTER

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第1期   页码 111-118 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0285-7

摘要: Through human history, wealth has been measured in grain, gold, and, now, dollars. Though counterfeiting of coins and notes goes back a long way, it is only with electronic financial accounting in a global economy tainted by toxic loans and imaginary funds that there is an urgency to search for a realistic objective way to monitor and regulate what we are doing to our Earth and ourselves. Various schemes using analysis of utility functions, oil equivalents, entropy, energy, and other units have been tried and, while helping to understand some basic processes and flows, have always been swamped by the machinations of financiers and the attention big sums of money attract. Now, the concept of exergy, pioneered in Eastern Europe in the 1950s, is being researched, developed, and applied, especially in China, driven by the desperation to measure the reality beyond the twin specters of global financial and environmental crises. A rough inventory of the matter in the biosphere at the coordinate details of an angstrom and an appreciation of how humans harness and manipulate electromagnetic forces can be enlightening as to what is and is not sustainable. Without that understanding, any financial estimate and proposed stimulus packages or IMF reform will be wildly wrong and may even be headed in the wrong direction.

关键词: climate change     financial crisis     energy     exergy     environment    

Methodological challenges to human medical study

null

《医学前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 328-336 doi: 10.1007/s11684-014-0359-6

摘要:

With the transformation of modern medicinal pattern, medical studies are confronted with methodological challenges. By analyzing two methodologies existing in the study of physical matter system and information system, the article points out that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), especially the treatment based on syndrome differentiation, embodies information conception of methodological positions, while western medicine represents matter conception of methodological positions. It proposes a new way of thinking about combination of TCM and western medicine by combinating two kinds of methodological methods.

关键词: medical paradigm     traditional Chinese medicine     western medicine     scientific view     scientific methodology    

创新工程技术支撑科学发展

杜祥琬

《中国工程科学》 2009年 第11卷 第4期   页码 4-8

摘要:

回顾了近年特别是2008年中国在信息、能源、制造业及探索宏观、微观世界等领域所取得的重大科学技术进步和工程创新成就;指出了严重自然灾害对科学技术和工程的检验与启示;提出了我国工程科技界值得思考的几个问题,展望了未来我国工程技术的创新使命。

关键词: 技术     工程     创新     科学发展    

对工程哲学的几点思考

杜祥琬

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第2期   页码 24-25

摘要:

指出了工程哲学产生的背景,论述了工程哲学的内涵及开展工程哲学研究的意义。

关键词: 工程哲学     科学发展观     工程科学技术    

Trajectory of COVID-19 response and management strategy in China: scientific rationale driven strategy

《医学前沿(英文)》 2024年 第18卷 第1期   页码 19-30 doi: 10.1007/s11684-024-1074-6

摘要: The pneumonia caused by novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infection in early December 2019, which was later named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization (WHO), rapidly spread across the world. China has made extraordinary efforts to this unprecedented pandemic, put its response and control at a very high level of infectious disease management (Category B but with measures for Category A), given top priority to the people and their lives, and balanced the pandemic control and socio-economic development. After more than three years’ fighting against this disease, China downgraded the management of COVID-19 to Category B infectious disease on January 8, 2023 and the WHO declared the end of public health emergency on May 5, 2023. However, the ending of pandemic does not mean that the disease is no longer a health threat. Experiences against COVID-19 from China and the whole world should be learned to prepare well for the future public health emergencies. This article gives a systematic review of the trajectory of COVID-19 development in China, summarizes the critical policy arrangements and provides evidence for the adjustment during policy making process, so as to share experiences with international community and contribute to the global health for all humanity.

关键词: COVID-19     public health     response and control strategy     science-based policy making    

汶川地震应急救援科学启示种种

徐德诗

《中国工程科学》 2009年 第11卷 第6期   页码 100-106

摘要:

通过对汶川巨灾震惊世界的抗震救灾实践的研究,获得对地震应急救援的科学启示种种,如抢救生命第一、信息维系生命、应急预案突破、专业紧急救援起作用、公众科学素质经受检验等。抓住种种启示,以人为本,完善地震应急救援体系建设,就能够随时做好巨灾应急救援的准备,实现保护人民生命、减少财产损失 的目标。

关键词: 汶川地震     地震应急救援     科学启示    

中国航天的科学管理

王礼恒

《中国工程科学》 2006年 第8卷 第11期   页码 1-6

摘要:

回顾了我国50年航天发展历程中所形成的运用系统工程实施科学管理的理念、体系及方法;阐述了顶层设计,统筹规划,统一领导,是中国航天系统工程的本质体现,是航天科学管理的重要特征,是中国航天持续、健康发展的根本保证。

关键词: 中国航天     系统工程     科学管理    

三峡工程科技进步与创新

张超然,孙志禹

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第7期   页码 33-37

摘要:

三峡工程在设计、建设和运行过程中,对我国水利水电工程建设、机电设备制造和生态环境保护等各个领域提出了巨大的挑战。针对三峡工程建设的关键技术和难题,国内各个领域的专家学者,进行联合科研攻关,取得了一系列重大创新成果,提高了我国相关领域的科技水平。简要列举了三峡工程建设和运行过程中形成的主要创新成果,对我国今后重大水利水电工程建设和水电清洁能源开发具有重要意义。

关键词: 三峡工程     科技创新     生态环境保护    

Research on low carbon management using a scientific classification method

Shanna QI, Meiting JU, Meng DUAN, Wei XING

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第4期   页码 524-530 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0333-3

摘要: This research is aimed at the rapid development of a low-carbon economy, in which we propose the classification and application of relevant management measures to affect the development of environmental management ideas and measures of the low-carbon economy, which we called as low carbon management measures. According to scientific analysis of the low-carbon economy, we can divide low-carbon management measures into three parts: measures for reduction of carbon sources, carbon flow planning, and increase of carbon sinks. Furthermore, we list the advantages that China can utilize to develop its own low-carbon management measures. In the end, necessary adjustments to environmental management measures in China can be made according to this scientific classification.

关键词: low-carbon economy     low carbon management     carbon source     carbon flow     carbon sink    

Take back and treatment of discarded electronics: a scientific update

Ab STEVELS, Jaco HUISMAN, Feng WANG, Jinhui LI, Boyang LI, Huabo DUAN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 475-482 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0538-8

摘要: This paper indicates that the performance of tack-back and treatment of electronic waste (e-waste) system can be improved substantially. This can be reached by better taking into account in a better way the big variety in material composition and potential toxicity of electrical and electronic products – from a technical, organizational and regulatory perspective. Realizing that there is no ‘one size fit for all’ and combining smart tailor made solutions with economic of sale will result in the best environmental gain/cost ratio. Several examples show how science and engineering have supported or will support this approach.

关键词: e-waste     take back     treatment     substantially    

医药卫生领域高校开展有组织科研的思考

曹原,孔菲,张小奕,田君,邓锐,徐明,王嘉东,乔杰

《中国工程科学》 2023年 第25卷 第5期   页码 72-80 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2023.05.004

摘要:

加强有组织科研是我国医药卫生领域高校在新形势下服务国家健康中国战略、融入国家创新生态体系建设、自觉履行高水平科技自立自强使命担当的必然选择。高校是国家战略科技力量的重要组成部分,本文以高校有组织科研体系化能力建设为重点研究内容,在分析医药卫生领域科技创新现状的基础上,总结了我国医药卫生领域高校开展有组织科研在多学科交叉融合、科技创新平台有组织攻关力量、高质量临床研究、“政产学研用医”链条贯通等方面面临的挑战,并提出了医药卫生领域高校开展有组织科研的重点实施路径。研究指出,重视有组织科研的体系化建设,增强科学技术工程链条融通能力,深化多学科交叉融合,推进学科建设与科研重大科技攻关任务的一体化布局是高校为医药卫生领域科技创新体系提供强大策源能力的建设基础;加强高水平科技创新平台及重大科技基础设施建设,依托大平台和大设施、组建大团队、承担重大任务,是高校有组织科研能力提升的核心依托;重视医药卫生领域高端复合型人才的多轨道培养,加快评价、激励制度改革是有组织科研的重要机制保障。

关键词: 医药卫生;科技创新体系;高校;有组织科研    

支持科学决策和咨询的技术——思维系统工程

戴汝为

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第1期   页码 17-20

摘要:

思维科学及思维系统工程的研究,可为科学决策和咨询提供理论基础与技术支持。建立和启动一个开放的思维巨系统——思维系统工程,是一项崭新的工程技术。论述了社会思维与群体智慧;综合集成研讨厅的框架结构及技术构件;基于internet的综合集成研讨厅实例。

关键词: 科学决策     思维科学     社会思维     群体智慧    

Recent research and development of PLGA/PLA microspheres/nanoparticles: A review in scientific and industrial

Feng Qi, Jie Wu, Hao Li, Guanghui Ma

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第1期   页码 14-27 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1729-4

摘要: Poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) microspheres/nanoparticles are one of the most successful drug delivery systems (DDS) in lab and clinic. Because of good biocompatibility and biodegradability, they can be used in various areas, such as long-term release system, vaccine adjuvant, tissue engineering, etc. There have been 15 products available on the US market, but the system still has many problems during development and manufacturing, such as wide size distribution, drug stability issues, and so on. Recently, many new and modified methods have been developed to overcome the above problems. Some of the methods are easy to scale up, and have been available on the market to achieve pilot scale or even industrial production scale. Furthermore, the relevant FDA guidance on the DDS is still incomplete, especially for abbreviated new drug application. In this review, we present some recent achievement of the PLGA/PLA microspheres/nanoparticles, and discuss some promising manufacturing methods. Finally, we focus on the current FDA guidance on the DDS. The review provides an overview on the development of the system in pharmaceutical industry.

关键词: PLGA     microspheres     drug delivery system     stability     manufacturing    

中国海洋石油勘探开发科技创新体系建设

傅成玉

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第8期   页码 15-21

摘要:

主要介绍了中国海洋油气勘探开发科技体系建设的背景、发展历程、建设思路、主要内容、建设特色、建设效果和带动作用。在中国海洋石油总公司(中国海油)近30年的快速发展过程中,科技创新体系一直发挥了重要的支撑和引领作用。中国海油围绕“建立与国际一流能源公司相适应的科技创新体系,支撑和引领公司高速高效可持续发展”的目标,努力建设技术创新能力和科技核心竞争力,完善科技创新组织体系、管理体系和技术体系。在实施过程中产生了许多具有“海油特色”的工作亮点,取得了科技核心竞争力与企业总体实力双提升的良好效果,支撑建立起了中国特色的现代海洋石油工业体系,为保障国家能源安全、维护海洋主权、带动国民经济发展做出了突出贡献。

关键词: 海洋石油天然气     勘探开发     科技创新     体系建设    

科学论证是重大工程正确决策的基础——三峡工程论证结论的实践验证

潘家铮,王家柱

《中国工程科学》 2001年 第3卷 第3期   页码 21-26

摘要:

三峡工程是中国,也是世界最大的水利综合利用枢纽。1986~1989年,全国412位专家参加的三峡工程重新论证,为工程开工建设奠定了基础。三峡工程7年多以来建设进展顺利,工程施工按批准的总进度计划实施,工程投资控制在审定的初步设计总概算范围内,施工质量良好,满足设计要求。重新论证的若干重要结论得到了初步验证,大江截流、深水围堰、永久船闸高陡边坡开挖稳定,特高强度混凝土浇筑施工等一系列重大科技难题得到克服,充分证明了当年科学论证的必要性和正确性。

关键词: 科学论证     三峡工程     实践验证    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Search for a natural scientific measure of economy

John E COULTER

期刊论文

Methodological challenges to human medical study

null

期刊论文

创新工程技术支撑科学发展

杜祥琬

期刊论文

对工程哲学的几点思考

杜祥琬

期刊论文

Trajectory of COVID-19 response and management strategy in China: scientific rationale driven strategy

期刊论文

汶川地震应急救援科学启示种种

徐德诗

期刊论文

中国航天的科学管理

王礼恒

期刊论文

三峡工程科技进步与创新

张超然,孙志禹

期刊论文

Research on low carbon management using a scientific classification method

Shanna QI, Meiting JU, Meng DUAN, Wei XING

期刊论文

Take back and treatment of discarded electronics: a scientific update

Ab STEVELS, Jaco HUISMAN, Feng WANG, Jinhui LI, Boyang LI, Huabo DUAN

期刊论文

医药卫生领域高校开展有组织科研的思考

曹原,孔菲,张小奕,田君,邓锐,徐明,王嘉东,乔杰

期刊论文

支持科学决策和咨询的技术——思维系统工程

戴汝为

期刊论文

Recent research and development of PLGA/PLA microspheres/nanoparticles: A review in scientific and industrial

Feng Qi, Jie Wu, Hao Li, Guanghui Ma

期刊论文

中国海洋石油勘探开发科技创新体系建设

傅成玉

期刊论文

科学论证是重大工程正确决策的基础——三峡工程论证结论的实践验证

潘家铮,王家柱

期刊论文