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服务供应链的信息共享机制及绩效研究

杨善林,程飞,杨昌辉

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第8期   页码 80-86

摘要:

文章研究的服务供应链包含一个服务供应商和一个服务集成商信息共享机制问题。服务供应商提供原始服务产品或活动给服务集成商,而服务集成商依次以附加值集成服务出售给客户。在不确定性市场环境下,客户服务需求量带有价格敏感和随机性的特征。在服务供应商和服务集成商之间,探析服务供应链的不同信息传输方式下信息共享机制问题,评估服务供应链的绩效,其结果强调服务业开展信息共享的必要性。

关键词: service supply chain     service vendor     service integrator     information sharing     coordination    

Digital twin-driven smart supply chain

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第1期   页码 56-70 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0186-9

摘要: Today’s supply chain is becoming complex and fragile. Hence, supply chain managers need to create and unlock the value of the smart supply chain. A smart supply chain requires connectivity, visibility, and agility, and it needs be integrated and intelligent. The digital twin (DT) concept satisfies these requirements. Therefore, we propose creating a DT-driven supply chain (DTSC) as an innovative and integrated solution for the smart supply chain. We provide background information to explain the DT concept and to demonstrate the method for building a DTSC by using the DT concept. We discuss three research opportunities in building a DTSC, including supply chain modeling, real-time supply chain optimization, and data usage in supply chain collaboration. Finally, we highlight a motivating case from JD.COM, China’s largest retailer by revenue, in applying the DTSC platform to address supply chain network reconfiguration challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic.

关键词: digital twin     supply chain management    

Servitization of manufacturing in the new ICTs era: A survey on operations management

Kangzhou WANG, Zhibin JIANG, Bo PENG, Hui JING

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第2期   页码 223-235 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0103-7

摘要: Servitization of manufacturing has become one of the main pathways for transition and upgrade in the manufacturing industry. New information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the Internet of Things, Big Data, and Cloud Computing have enabled the servitization of manufacturing in terms of value creation, resource management, and supply chain management. This study presents a comprehensive review on the servitization in operations management in the era of new ICTs. A new value chain framework is proposed under the business model that revolves around servitization, which showcases the new activities and ways of implementation in the era of new ICTs. The virtualization, configuration, and evaluation of integrated manufacturing and service resources are analyzed. In particular, the methods used in new ICT-supported resource management platforms are surveyed. Problems in the supply chain management in manufacturing services (including the selection of partners, as well as the coordination, planning, and scheduling among members) are presented. This study concludes with a discussion on state-of-the-art servitization in operations management in the era of new ICTs.

关键词: servitization     service-oriented manufacturing     value chain     resource integration     supply chain     ICT    

Managing supply chain resilience in the era of VUCA

Ying GAO , Zhuo FENG , Shuibo ZHANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第3期   页码 465-470 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0164-2

国外ICT供应链安全管理研究及建议

倪光南,陈晓桦,尚燕敏、徐克付

《中国工程科学》 2016年 第18卷 第6期   页码 104-109 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.06.021

摘要:

鉴于国家关键基础设施和关键资源(CIKR)对信息通信技术(ICT)的依赖,识别和控制ICT供应链风险已成为保障国家安全的重要手段。美国作为ICT供应链管理的先行者,在提升战略地位、开展风险管理、确保软硬件安全、监管政府采购等方面为各国提供了丰富经验;欧盟、俄罗斯也加强了ICT供应链的安全管理。在分析上述国外情况的基础上,给出了完善我国ICT供应链安全管理的相关建议。

关键词: 供应链风险管理     硬件供应链     软件供应链     采购安全    

The Supply Chain Contract Design under Cap-and-Trade Mechanism with Free Riding

Fu-qiang Wang,Jun Liu

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2015年 第2卷 第3期   页码 277-286 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2015049

摘要: This paper studies the influence of free riding on enterprise product pricing and carbon emissions reduction investment, as well as the contract design to achieve supply chain coordination under the carbon trading mechanism. First, we discuss the situation where carbon emissions reduction investment affects the product price and income. It demonstrates that the optimal investment of the upstream manufacturer increases with the degree of the free riding of the downstream manufacturer. The upstream manufacturer can improve their carbon reduction investment and the whole supply chain achieves Pareto improvement when the investment cost sharing contract is introduced. Nevertheless, under the cost-sharing contract the optimal investment of the decentralized supply chain is still lower than that of the centralized supply chain, and only in some particular cases can the two types of supply chain achieve equal total profits. Then, we preliminarily explore the situation where the product price and income is influenced by carbon emissions reduction investment. The consequences indicate that the optimal investment of the upstream manufacturers in this situation is less than the former one’s, and the transfer payment mechanism is able to improve the level of the supply chain overall carbon emissions-reduction. Moreover, compared to the former situation, the effects of free riding of the downstream manufacturer are even more serious. The conclusions can provide some intellectual support for manufacturing enterprises to make reasonable emissions reduction strategies and coordinate the supply chain existing in free riding.

关键词: carbon emissions reduction     free riding     supply chain contract design     cap-and-trade    

Product decomposition strategy for optimization of supply chain planning

Braulio BRUNAUD, Maria Paz OCHOA, Ignacio E. GROSSMANN

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2018年 第5卷 第4期   页码 466-478 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2018059

摘要:

Optimization of large-scale supply chain planning models requires the application of decomposition strategies to reduce the computational expense. Two major options are to use either spatial or temporal Lagrangean decomposition. In this paper, to further reduce the computational expense a novel decomposition scheme by products is presented. The decomposition is based on a reformulation of knapsack constraints in the problem. The new approach allows for simultaneous decomposition by products and by time periods, enabling the generation of a large number of subproblems, that can be solved by using parallel computing. The case study shows that the proposed product decomposition exhibits similar performance as the temporal decomposition, and that selecting different orders of products and aggregating the linking constraints can improve the efficiency of the algorithm.

关键词: supply chain planning     Lagrangean decomposition     mixed-integer programming    

Internal incentives and operations strategies for the water-saving supply chain with cap-and-trade regulation

Zhisong CHEN, Li FANG, Huimin WANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第1期   页码 87-101 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0006-7

摘要:

Faced with the rapid development of modern industries of agriculture, manufacturing, and services, water resources are becoming increasingly scarce. Industries with high water consumption are generally regulated by the government’s water cap-and-trade (CAT) regulation to solve the contradiction between the limited water supply and the rapid growing water demand. Supply chain equilibrium and coordination models under the benchmark scenario without water saving and CAT regulation, water-saving supply chain equilibrium and coordination models under the scenario without/with CAT regulation are developed, analyzed and compared. The corresponding numerical and sensitivity analyses for all models are conducted and compared, and the managerial insights and policy recommendations are summarized in this article. The results indicate that (1) Conducting water saving could improve effectively the operational performance of the water-saving supply chain under the scenario without/with CAT regulation. (2) The coordination strategy based on the revenue sharing contract could efficiently coordinate the water-saving supply chain, enhance water consumption reduction rate, and improve the operational performance of the water-saving supply chain. (3) The implementation of CAT regulation enhances effectively water-consumption-reduction in the water-saving supply chain and improves the operational performance of water-saving supply chain. (4) Simultaneous implementation of CAT regulation by the government and adopting coordination strategy by the water-saving supply chain would be superior to any other scenarios/strategies. (5) A suitable water cap based on the industrial average water consumption and historical water consumption data are beneficial for constructing reasonable and effective incentive mechanism. (6) A higher marginal trade price could induce more reduction in water consumption and create better operational performance for the manufacturer and water-saving supply chain, both under the equilibrium and coordination strategies.

关键词: water-saving supply chain     equilibrium     coordination     internal incentive     cap and trade regulation    

The Integration Model of Closed-Loop Supply Chain Resource Allocation Considering Remanufacturing

Xiao-qiu Shi,Yan-yan Li,Wei Long

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第2期   页码 132-135 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2016026

摘要: Logistics resource planning is an integration model of materials requirement planning and distribution resource planning which is a resource allocation technology. It is a technology of satisfying both production material supply and resource allocation optimization which is based on inventory management. For the remanufacturing supply chain, recycling and rebuilding of products form a reverse materials movement loop which challenges the traditional logistics resource planning system. For the characteristics of reverse logistics of remanufacturing supply chain, we propose a closed-loop supply chain resource allocation model based on autonomous multi-entity. We focus on integration resource allocation model of materials requirement planning and distribution resource planning considering remanufacturing.

关键词: remanufacturing     supply chain     reverse logistics     resource allocation     integration model    

Blockchain-driven supply chain finance solution for small and medium enterprises

Jian LI, Shichao ZHU, Wen ZHANG, Lean YU

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第4期   页码 500-511 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0124-2

摘要: Blockchain has attracted much attention in recent years with the development of cryptocurrency and digital assets. As the underlying technology of cryptocurrency, blockchain has numerous benefits, such as de-centralization, collective maintenance, tamper-resistance, traceability, and anonymity. The potential of the blockchain technology (BT) is widely recognized in the financial field. Although some scholars have proposed the combination of blockchain and supply chain finance (SCF), the details of this combination is rarely mentioned. This study first analyzes the coupling between SCF and blockchain technology. Second, the conceptual framework of blockchain-driven SCF platform (BcSCFP) is presented. Third, the operation process of three SCF models on the BcSCFP is proposed. Finally, a case study combined with actual events is conducted. This paper has a positive practical significance in the operation and management of banks and loan enterprises.

关键词: blockchain technology     supply chain finance     risk management     smart contract     decentralization    

Blockchain applied to the construction supply chain: A case study with threat model

Gjorgji SHEMOV, Borja GARCIA de SOTO, Hoda ALKHZAIMI

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第4期   页码 564-577 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0129-x

摘要: The construction industry has long faced the challenge of introducing collaborative systems among multiple stakeholders. This challenge creates a high level of rigidity in terms of processing shared information related to different processes, robust holistic regulations, payment actualizations, and resource utilization across different nodes. The need for a digital platform to cross-connect all stakeholders is necessary. A blockchain-based platform is a prime candidate to improve the industry in general and the construction supply chain (CSC) in particular. In this paper, a literature review is presented to establish the main challenges that CSC faces in terms of its effects on productivity and efficiency. In addition, the effect of applying blockchain platforms on a case study is presented and analyzed from performance and security level. The analysis aims to emphasize that blockchain, as presented in this paper, is a viable solution to the challenges in the CSC regardless of the risks associated with the security and robustness of the flow of information and data protection. Moreover, a threat analysis of applying a blockchain model on the CSC industry is introduced. This model indicates potential attacks and possible countermeasures to prevent the attacks. Future work is needed to expand, quantify, and optimize the threat model and conduct simulations considering proposed countermeasures for the different blockchain attacks outlined in this study.

关键词: blockchain taxonomy     construction supply chain     literature review     threat model analysis     security level analysis    

农业高新技术与21世纪涉农供应链的战略性再造

张晟义

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第2期   页码 9-14

摘要:

21世纪农业高新技术的发展为涉农供应链提供了战略性再造的契机。它能够营造涉农供应链的高度稳定、促进其柔性机制塑造,提高与时间竞争能力,显著改善一体化涉农物流,并强力支持涉农供应链的基本竞争战略及其高度集成化进程。

关键词: 农业高新技术     涉农供应链     供应链管理     涉农物流     再造    

绿色供应链管理的基本原理

汪应洛,王能民,孙林岩

《中国工程科学》 2003年 第5卷 第11期   页码 82-87

摘要:

人口、资源与环境三者之间的矛盾日益突显,要求制造业提高其活动与环境的相容性。绿色供应链管理是从系统的观点与集成的思想出发解决制造业与环境之间冲突的有效方式。从可持续发展的思想出发建立了绿色供应链的概念模型,分析了绿色供应链管理的目标,在此基础上探讨了绿色供应链管理的基本原理,认为共生原理、循环原理、替代转换原理与系统开放原理是实施绿色供应链管理应该遵循的基本原理。

关键词: 制造业     绿色供应链管理     系统     集成    

A case study on sample average approximation method for stochastic supply chain network design problem

Yuan WANG, Ruyan SHOU, Loo Hay LEE, Ek Peng CHEW

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第3期   页码 338-347 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017032

摘要: This study aims to solve a typical long-term strategic decision problem on supply chain network design with consideration to uncertain demands. Existing methods for these problems are either deterministic or limited in scale. We analyze the impact of uncertainty on demand based on actual large data from industrial companies. Deterministic equivalent model with nonanticipativity constraints, branch-and-fix coordination, sample average approximation (SAA) with Bayesian bootstrap, and Latin hypercube sampling were adopted to analyze stochastic demands. A computational study of supply chain network with front-ends in Europe and back-ends in Asia is presented to highlight the importance of stochastic factors in these problems and the efficiency of our proposed solution approach.

关键词: supply chain network     stochastic demand     sampling average approximation     Bayesian bootstrap     Latin hypercube sampling    

智能数学模型在物流供应链中的应用

白煜超

《中国工程科学》 2006年 第8卷 第1期   页码 58-62

摘要:

概述了新经济时代对供应链管理模式的影响,提出了以智能数学为基础,应用智能模型方法解决现代物流中复杂问题的思路,并结合SWOT分析给出了应用实例。

关键词: 智能模型     供应链管理     SCM软件     SWOT    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

服务供应链的信息共享机制及绩效研究

杨善林,程飞,杨昌辉

期刊论文

Digital twin-driven smart supply chain

期刊论文

Servitization of manufacturing in the new ICTs era: A survey on operations management

Kangzhou WANG, Zhibin JIANG, Bo PENG, Hui JING

期刊论文

Managing supply chain resilience in the era of VUCA

Ying GAO , Zhuo FENG , Shuibo ZHANG

期刊论文

国外ICT供应链安全管理研究及建议

倪光南,陈晓桦,尚燕敏、徐克付

期刊论文

The Supply Chain Contract Design under Cap-and-Trade Mechanism with Free Riding

Fu-qiang Wang,Jun Liu

期刊论文

Product decomposition strategy for optimization of supply chain planning

Braulio BRUNAUD, Maria Paz OCHOA, Ignacio E. GROSSMANN

期刊论文

Internal incentives and operations strategies for the water-saving supply chain with cap-and-trade regulation

Zhisong CHEN, Li FANG, Huimin WANG

期刊论文

The Integration Model of Closed-Loop Supply Chain Resource Allocation Considering Remanufacturing

Xiao-qiu Shi,Yan-yan Li,Wei Long

期刊论文

Blockchain-driven supply chain finance solution for small and medium enterprises

Jian LI, Shichao ZHU, Wen ZHANG, Lean YU

期刊论文

Blockchain applied to the construction supply chain: A case study with threat model

Gjorgji SHEMOV, Borja GARCIA de SOTO, Hoda ALKHZAIMI

期刊论文

农业高新技术与21世纪涉农供应链的战略性再造

张晟义

期刊论文

绿色供应链管理的基本原理

汪应洛,王能民,孙林岩

期刊论文

A case study on sample average approximation method for stochastic supply chain network design problem

Yuan WANG, Ruyan SHOU, Loo Hay LEE, Ek Peng CHEW

期刊论文

智能数学模型在物流供应链中的应用

白煜超

期刊论文