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Big Data to support sustainable urban energy planning: The EvoEnergy project

Moulay Larbi CHALAL, Benachir MEDJDOUB, Nacer BEZAI, Raid SHRAHILY

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第2期   页码 287-300 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0081-9

摘要: Energy sustainability is a complex problem that needs to be tackled holistically by equally addressing other aspects such as socio-economic to meet the strict CO emission targets. This paper builds upon our previous work on the effect of household transition on residential energy consumption where we developed a 3D urban energy prediction system (EvoEnergy) using the old UK panel data survey, namely, the British household panel data survey (BHPS). In particular, the aim of the present study is to examine the validity and reliability of EvoEnergy under the new UK household longitudinal study (UKHLS) launched in 2009. To achieve this aim, the household transition and energy prediction modules of EvoEnergy have been tested under both data sets using various statistical techniques such as Chow test. The analysis of the results advised that EvoEnergy remains a reliable prediction system and had a good prediction accuracy (MAPE  5%) when compared to actual energy performance certificate data. From this premise, we recommend researchers, who are working on data-driven energy consumption forecasting, to consider merging the BHPS and UKHLS data sets. This will, in turn, enable them to capture the bigger picture of different energy phenomena such as fuel poverty; consequently, anticipate problems with policy prior to their occurrence. Finally, the paper concludes by discussing two scenarios of EvoEnergy development in relation to energy policy and decision-making.

关键词: urban energy planning     sustainable planning     Big Data     household transition     energy prediction    

Impact of household transitions on domestic energy consumption and its applicability to urban energyplanning

Benachir MEDJDOUB, Moulay Larbi CHALAL

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2017年 第4卷 第2期   页码 171-183 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017029

摘要: The household sector consumes roughly 30% of Earth’s energy resources and emits approximately 17% of its carbon dioxide. As such, developing appropriate policies to reduce the CO emissions, which are associated with the world’s rapidly growing urban population, is a high priority. This, in turn, will enable the creation of cities that respect the natural environment and the well-being of future generations. However, most of the existing expertise focuses on enhancing the thermal quality of buildings through building physics while few studies address the social and behavioral aspects. In fact, focusing on these aspects should be more prominent, as they cause between 4% and 30% of variation in domestic energy consumption. Premised on that, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect in the context of the UK of household transitions on household energy consumption patterns. To achieve this, we applied statistical procedures (e.g., logistic regression) to official panel survey data comprising more than 5500 households in the UK tracked annually over the course of 18 years. This helped in predicting future transition patterns for different household types for the next 10 to 15 years. Furthermore, it enabled us to study the relationship between the predicted patterns and the household energy usage for both gas and electricity. The findings indicate that the life cycle transitions of a household significantly influence its domestic energy usage. However, this effect is mostly positive in direction and weak in magnitude. Finally, we present our developed urban energy model “EvoEnergy” to demonstrate the importance of incorporating such a concept in energy forecasting for effective sustainable energy decision-making.

关键词: urban energy planning     household transitions     smart cities     energy forecasting     household projection     serious gaming    

Climate change and China’s mega urban regions

Chaolin GU, Sunsheng HAN

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第4期   页码 418-430 doi: 10.1007/s11709-010-0075-5

摘要: China’s mega urban regions are focal points of economic development and environmental concerns. This paper positions four mega urban regions (i.e., the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, the Bohai Bay Area, and the South-eastern Fujian Province) along China’s coast into the national economy and elaborates their development challenges and planning innovations. Mega urban regions in China are spatial consequences of rapid economic transition. They deserve close scrutiny and demands for innovative planning responses in order to maintain their key role in driving economic growth but limiting their greenhouse gas emission.

关键词: climate change     mega urban region     urban planning    

东部城市天然气应用方式探讨

江亿

《中国工程科学》 2002年 第4卷 第10期   页码 36-39

摘要:

合理利用天然气是东部大城市急待解决的问题。指出燃气部分取代燃煤,不应该是简单的燃料替换,而应充分利用燃气的特点。提出分户式燃气炉采暖、“以电定热”的热电联产系统和分布式小型CHP系统等合理应用燃气的方式,可改善城市空气质量,解决城市供热问题,削减电力负荷峰谷差。

关键词: 天然气     热电联产     城市能源     采暖    

Energy-saving operation approaches for urban rail transit systems

Ziyou GAO, Lixing YANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第2期   页码 139-151 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0030-7

摘要: With the accelerated urbanization in China, passenger demand has dramatically increased in large cities, and traffic congestion has become serious in recent years. Developing public urban rail transit systems is an indispensable approach to overcome these problems. However, the high energy consumption of daily operations is an emerging issue due to increased rail transit networks and passenger demands. Thus, reducing the energy consumption and operational cost by using advanced optimization methodologies is an urgent task for operation managers. This work systematically introduces energy-saving approaches for urban rail transit systems in three aspects, namely, train speed profile optimization, utilization of regenerative energy, and integrated optimization of train timetable and speed profile. Future research directions in this field are also proposed to meet increasing passenger demands and network-based urban rail transit systems.

关键词: urban rail transit     energy saving     speed profile optimization     regenerative energy     train timetable    

An uncertain energy planning model under carbon taxes

Hongkuan ZANG, Yi XU, Wei LI, Guohe HUANG, Dan LIU

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第4期   页码 549-558 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0414-y

摘要: In this study, an interval fuzzy mixed-integer energy planning model (IFMI-EPM) is developed under considering the carbon tax policy. The developed IFMI-EPM incorporates techniques of interval-parameter programming, fuzzy planning and mixed-integer programming within a general energy planning model. The IFMI-EPM can not only be used for quantitatively analyzing a variety of policy scenarios that are associated with different levels of carbon tax policy, but also tackle uncertainties expressed as discrete intervals and fuzzy sets in energy and environment systems. Considering low, medium and high carbon tax rates, the model is applied to an ideal energy and environment system. The results indicate that reasonable solutions have been generated. They can be used for generating decision alternatives and thus help decision makers identify desired carbon tax policy.

关键词: energy     carbon tax     planning     uncertainty     fuzzy    

Energy storage resources management: Planning, operation, and business model

《工程管理前沿(英文)》   页码 373-391 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0194-4

摘要: With the acceleration of supply-side renewable energy penetration rate and the increasingly diversified and complex demand-side loads, how to maintain the stable, reliable, and efficient operation of the power system has become a challenging issue requiring investigation. One of the feasible solutions is deploying the energy storage system (ESS) to integrate with the energy system to stabilize it. However, considering the costs and the input/output characteristics of ESS, both the initial configuration process and the actual operation process require efficient management. This study presents a comprehensive review of managing ESS from the perspectives of planning, operation, and business model. First of all, in terms of planning and configuration, it is investigated from capacity planning, location planning, as well as capacity and location combined planning. This process is generally the first step in deploying ESS. Then, it explores operation management of ESS from the perspectives of state assessment and operation optimization. The so-called state assessment refers to the assessment of three aspects: The state of charge (SOC), the state of health (SOH), and the remaining useful life (RUL). The operation optimization includes ESS operation strategy optimization and joint operation optimization. Finally, it discusses the business models of ESS. Traditional business models involve ancillary services and load transfer, while emerging business models include electric vehicle (EV) as energy storage and shared energy storage.

关键词: energy storage system     energy storage resources management     planning configuration     operational management     business model    

我国乡村规划的理论与应用研究

郐艳丽,王璇

《中国工程科学》 2019年 第21卷 第2期   页码 21-26 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2019.02.018

摘要:

本文按照我国城乡关系演进过程,将乡村规划理论演进划分为传统城乡交融背景下乡村建设(新中国成立前)、现代城乡分离背景下乡村规划(新中国成立后—2016年)和新时代城乡一体化背景乡村治理(2017年迄今)三个阶段,总结不同阶段乡村规划理论和乡村建设、管理特征。我国传统乡村规划理论包括以风水理论为基础的物质性规划建设理论和人文化治理思想与方法,两者相辅相成。建国以后,尤其是改革开放以来,乡村规划运用城市规划的相关理论指导乡村实践,在城乡关系的大背景下不断演进,通过乡村规划许可证实施简易化行政许可制度。近些年乡村规划脱胎于城市规划的反思与转型,融入多学科理论,探索发展本源。

关键词: 乡村规划     城市规划     正式治理     公共政策     公共产品    

我国城市地下空间规划发展战略研究

朱合华,骆晓,彭芳乐,李晓军,刘春彦

《中国工程科学》 2017年 第19卷 第6期   页码 12-17 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2017.06.003

摘要:

本文首先综述了国际上各类城市地下空间的开发历程和经验,总结了我国城市地下空间开发利用状况和现阶段所取得的成绩。进一步地,指出了当前我国城市地下空间开发亟待解决的问题和发展方向:寻求地下空间统一和专项规划,实现地上与地下空间的协同开发;结合国情细化政策和法规,完善地下空间管理的机制和法制建设;建设地下空间信息化平台,高效利用地下空间大数据、消除信息孤岛现象。最后,明确了随着城市化及信息化技术的发展,城市地下空间开发将具有广阔的前景。

关键词: 城市地下空间规划     开发利用     发展战略     空间资源     立法    

面向城镇住宅建筑光伏一体化的GIS开放数据协同仿真平台 Article

Marco Massano, Enrico Macii, Andrea Lanzini, Edoardo Patti, Lorenzo Bottaccioli

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第26卷 第7期   页码 198-213 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2022.06.020

摘要:

The rising awareness of environmental issues and the increase of renewable energy sources (RES) has led to a shift in energy production toward RES, such as photovoltaic (PV) systems, and toward a distributed generation (DG) model of energy production that requires systems in which energy is generated, stored, and consumed locally. In this work, we present a methodology that integrates geographic information system (GIS)-based PV potential assessment procedures with models for the estimation of both energy generation and consumption profiles. In particular, we have created an innovative infrastructure that co-simulates PV integration on building rooftops together with an analysis of households’ electricity demand. Our model relies on high spatiotemporal resolution and considers both shadowing effects and real-sky conditions for solar radiation estimation. It integrates methodologies to estimate energy demand with a high temporal resolution, accounting for realistic populations with realistic consumption profiles. Such a solution enables concrete recommendations to be drawn in order to promote an understanding of urban energy systems and the integration of RES in the context of future smart cities. The proposed methodology is tested and validated within the municipality of Turin, Italy. For the whole municipality, we estimate both the electricity absorbed from the residential sector (simulating a realistic population) and the electrical energy that could be produced by installing PV systems on buildings' rooftops (considering two different scenarios, with the former using only the rooftops of residential buildings and the latter using all available rooftops). The capabilities of the platform are explored through an in-depth analysis of the obtained results. Generated power and energy profiles are presented, emphasizing the flexibility of the resolution of the spatial and temporal results. Additional energy indicators are presented for the self-consumption of produced energy and the avoidance of CO2 emissions.

关键词: 能源信息     地理信息系统     负载评估     开放数据     光伏发电     住宅     城市规划     联合仿真    

CORRECTION to: Energy-saving operation approaches for urban rail transit systems

Ziyou GAO, Lixing YANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》   页码 698-698 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0047-y

An integrated assessment method of urban drainage system: A case study in Shenzhen City, China

DONG Xin, ZENG Siyu, CHEN Jining, ZHAO Dongquan

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第2期   页码 150-156 doi: 10.1007/s11783-008-0014-z

摘要: In recent years, the urban drainage system in China is facing the dual pressure of renovation and construction. This requires that the integrated assessment for the planning and operation of the urban drainage system is obligatory. To evaluate the urban drainage system, an integrated assessment methodology based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), integrated simulation, and fuzzy assessment is established. This method is a multi-criteria decision adding app roach to the assessment of the urban drainage system comprehensively. Through the integration of the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM), a simple wastewater treatment plant model, and a surface water quality model, an integrated modelling system for the urban drainage system is developed and applied as a key tool for assessment. Using the established method, a case study in Shenzhen City has been implemented to evaluate and compare two urban drainage system reno vation plans, the distributed plan and the centralized plan. Because of the particularity of this case study, the established method is not applied entirely. Considering the water environ mental impact, ecological impact, technological feasibility, and economic cost, the integrated performance of the distri buted plan is better. As shown in this case study, the proposed method is found to be both effective and practical.

关键词: integrated assessment     hierarchy process     centralized     technological feasibility     planning    

城市规划中抗震减灾的新构想——“强震发生断层”的发现和启示

李玶,杨美娥,赵东芝

《中国工程科学》 2007年 第9卷 第7期   页码 1-6

摘要:

不是所有的活断层都会发生破坏性地震(5~6级以上),只有其中的极少数在未来数十年、数百年内有可能发生强震,特称之为强震发生断层。这种断层有一定宽度,一般为数米、数十米到数百米或更多。在断层范围内,地震波峰值加速度陡增,烈度可增加2°~3°或更多,抗震设计很困难。断层范围外,烈度随着离震中距离的增大而减弱,抗震按常规设计即可;台湾集集地震的观测数据却提示,0.15g 的抗震设计,竟能抵御 0.5g 的破坏,抗震设计采用的地震动参数,蕴藏着巨大的抗震潜能,这使建筑物抗震达到人员零死亡的目标成为可能。强震发生断层的识别和圈定,从地震构造学的角度解决了地震预报的时、空、强三个要素。城市规划中在采用诸多有关抗震规范时,应考虑强震发生断层的有无及其增震作用,提请有关部门对规范作必要的修改和补充。

关键词: 城市规划     抗震减灾     活断层     强震发生断层     强震发生断层的增震作用    

Erratum to: Theoretical foundation of a decision network for urban development

Shih-kung Lai, Jhong-you Huang,lai@tongji.edu.cn,jhongyouhuang@gmail.com

《信息与电子工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第18卷 第10期   页码 1677-1677 doi: 10.1631/FITEE.15e0000

摘要: Erratum to: , 2017 18(8):1033-1039. doi:

关键词: Decision making     Linked decisions     Decision network     Planning    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Big Data to support sustainable urban energy planning: The EvoEnergy project

Moulay Larbi CHALAL, Benachir MEDJDOUB, Nacer BEZAI, Raid SHRAHILY

期刊论文

Impact of household transitions on domestic energy consumption and its applicability to urban energyplanning

Benachir MEDJDOUB, Moulay Larbi CHALAL

期刊论文

Climate change and China’s mega urban regions

Chaolin GU, Sunsheng HAN

期刊论文

规划首都发展蓝图,为城市现代化建设作贡献——北京市城市规划设计研究院

期刊论文

东部城市天然气应用方式探讨

江亿

期刊论文

Energy-saving operation approaches for urban rail transit systems

Ziyou GAO, Lixing YANG

期刊论文

An uncertain energy planning model under carbon taxes

Hongkuan ZANG, Yi XU, Wei LI, Guohe HUANG, Dan LIU

期刊论文

Energy storage resources management: Planning, operation, and business model

期刊论文

我国乡村规划的理论与应用研究

郐艳丽,王璇

期刊论文

我国城市地下空间规划发展战略研究

朱合华,骆晓,彭芳乐,李晓军,刘春彦

期刊论文

面向城镇住宅建筑光伏一体化的GIS开放数据协同仿真平台

Marco Massano, Enrico Macii, Andrea Lanzini, Edoardo Patti, Lorenzo Bottaccioli

期刊论文

CORRECTION to: Energy-saving operation approaches for urban rail transit systems

Ziyou GAO, Lixing YANG

期刊论文

An integrated assessment method of urban drainage system: A case study in Shenzhen City, China

DONG Xin, ZENG Siyu, CHEN Jining, ZHAO Dongquan

期刊论文

城市规划中抗震减灾的新构想——“强震发生断层”的发现和启示

李玶,杨美娥,赵东芝

期刊论文

Erratum to: Theoretical foundation of a decision network for urban development

Shih-kung Lai, Jhong-you Huang,lai@tongji.edu.cn,jhongyouhuang@gmail.com

期刊论文