Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering >> 2014, Volume 9, Issue 2 doi: 10.1007/s11465-014-0295-9
An improved algorithm for McDowell’s analytical model of residual stress
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, ChinaAvailable online：2014-05-22
The analytical model for two-dimensional elastoplastic rolling/sliding contact proposed by McDowell is an important tool for predicting residual stress in rolling/sliding processes. In application of the model, a problem of low predicting precision near the surface layer of the component is found. According to the volume-constancy of plastic deformation, an improved algorithm for McDowell’s model is proposed in order to improve its predicting accuracy of the surface residual stress. In the algorithm, a relationship between three normal stresses perpendicular to each other at any point within the component is derived, and the relationship is applied to McDowell’s model. Meanwhile, an unnecessary hypothesis proposed by McDowell can be eliminated to make the model more reasonable. The simulation results show that the surface residual stress predicted by modified method is much closer to the FEM results than the results predicted by McDowell’s model under the same simulation conditions.