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Frontiers of Medicine >> 2008, Volume 2, Issue 1 doi: 10.1007/s11684-008-0015-0

Prokaryotic expression and purification of fusion protein HSP70-EGFP and its application in the study of dendritic cells internalization antigen

1.Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; Center of Basic Medicine and Teaching Experiment, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; 2.Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; 3.Center of Basic Medicine and Teaching Experiment, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University

Available online: 2008-03-05

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Abstract

To study the endocytic activity of dendritic cells (DCs) by obtaining fusion protein HSP70-EGFP as exogenous antigen and loading it with DCs derived from human peripheral blood. Fusion protein HSP70-EGFP was prokaryotically expressed, isolated and purified. DCs were isolated and cultured from human peripheral blood. The DCs were divided into 3 groups in the endocytic experiment. There were 10 DCs in each group. Group 1 and 2 were respectively incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP and EGFP. Group 3 was incubated with HSP70 for 30 min, and then incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP. Subsequently, 3 groups were placed in an incubator at 37°C for 0.5, 1, 2 and 24 h. Flow cytometry (FCM) was adopted to detect the amount of DCs with EGFP inside. IL-12 Eli-spot was adopted to detect the amount of DCs which secreted IL-12. There were 5 types in the experiment: LPS, inactive LPS, HSP70-EGFP, EGFP and no antigen. Fusion protein HSP70-EGFP was successfully obtained and its molecular weight was 97 000. It accounted for 35.32% of the total protein. Under irradiation of an ultraviolet lamp, the protein solution sent out viridescent fluorescence. The result detected by FCM indicated that after incubation for 0.5 h at 37°C, the positive rate in group 1 was 63%, while the other 2 groups were negative. After incubation for 1, 2 and 24 h at 37°C, the positive rates in the 3 groups were above 80%. The IL-12 Eli-spot examination shows that with HSP70-EGFP being loaded, the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 was 134.09 ± 31.78/10 cells, a little lower than that of DCs with LPS loaded (with the average point of 156.36 ± 15.73). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups ( < 0.01). By contrast, both of them were significantly higher than inactive LPS-(33.78 ± 1.40)/10 cells and EGFP-loaded (23.13 ± 4.57)/10 cells DC groups in the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 ( < 0.01). The results suggest that receptor-mediated phagocytosis plays a main role in the preliminary stage of DCs internalizing HSP70-EGFP. With increasing incubation time, pinocytosis begins to dominate. HSP70-EGFP may promote DCs to secret cell factor IL-12.

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