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Frontiers of Medicine >> 2020, Volume 14, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11684-020-0770-0

Application of artificial intelligence in surgery

. The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK;.. Institute of Medical Robotics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Received: 2020-06-11 Accepted: 2020-07-24 Available online: 2020-07-24

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is gradually changing the practice of surgery with technological advancements in imaging, navigation, and robotic intervention. In this article, we review the recent successful and influential applications of AI in surgery from preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance to its integration into surgical robots. We conclude this review by summarizing the current state, emerging trends, and major challenges in the future development of AI in surgery.

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