Frontiers of Medicine
The “Traditional Chinese medicine regulating liver regeneration” treatment plan for reducing mortality of patients with hepatitis B-related liver failure based on real-world clinical data
Institute of Liver Diseases, Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430061, China; Institute of Basic Theory of Chinese Medicine, Hubei Province Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430074, China; Theory and Application Research of Liver and Kidney in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430074, China; Key Laboratory of Treating Chronic Liver Diseases from Liver and Kidney, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430061, China
On the basis of real-world clinical data, the study aimed to explore the effect and mechanisms of the treatment plan of “traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) regulating liver regeneration.” A total of 457 patients with HBV-related liver failure were retrospectively collected. The patients were divided into three groups: the modern medicine control group (MMC group), patients treated with routine medical treatment; the control group combining traditional Chinese and Western medicine (CTW), patients treated with routine medical treatment plus the common TCM formula; and the treatment group of “TCM regulating liver regeneration” (RLR), patients treated with both routine medical treatment and the special TCM formula of RLR. After 8 weeks of treatment, the mortality of patients in the RLR group (12.31%) was significantly lower than those in the MMC (50%) and CTW (29.11%) groups. Total bilirubin level significantly decreased and albumin increased in the RLR group when compared with the MMC and CTW groups ( <0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in the expression of several cytokines related to liver regeneration in the RLR group compared with the MMC group. RLR treatment can decrease jaundice, improve liver function, and significantly reduce the mortality in patients with HBV-related liver failure. The mechanism may be related to the role of RLR treatment in influencing cytokines related to liver regeneration.