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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering >> 2008, Volume 2, Issue 1 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0004-5

Preparation and property of porous hydroxyapatite as an inorganic dispersant used in suspension polymerization

School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University

Available online:2008-03-05

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The porous hydroxyapatite (HAP) for suspension polymerization dispersant was prepared using calcium carbonate and phosphoric acid as raw materials. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and BET nitrogen adsorption. The results show that the prepared HAP has a porous structure, low particle density, large specific surface area, uniform particle size and does not agglomerate easily between the particles. The preparation conditions for the HAP were optimized as follows: solid content of calcium carbonate aqueous suspension 90 g/L, concentration of phosphoric acid 1.0 mol/L, reaction/aging temperature 50°C, and aging time 3 h. The HAP prepared under optimal preparation conditions has 106.8 m·g of specific surface area, which is about 1.5–1.8 times as much as that of Japanese HAP or commercial HAP. Its application result in the suspension polymerization of styrene show that the porous HAP dispersant has high surface activity, excellent suspension dispersibility and stability and can markedly improve the quality of polystyrene beads.

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