Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Control of the agglomeration of crystals in the reactive crystallization of 5-(difluoromethoxy)-2-mercapto-1
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
5-(Difluoromethoxy)-2-mercapto-1 -benzimidazole (DMB) was precipitated by adding acetic acid to the DMB sodium salt solution. The spherical agglomeration of DMB during the reactive crystallization in a batch crystallizer was monitored by real-time Particle Video Microscope (PVM). We found that the low feeding rate of acetic acid, high crystallization temperature, low agitation rate or adding seed crystal can facilitate the formation of spherical agglomerates. By using a simple model, the mean crystal agglomerate size of DMB thus predicted is generally in agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the crystallization process of DMB was optimized by a new control strategy of supersaturation to avoid disadvantages brought by agglomeration.