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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering >> 2012, Volume 6, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11705-012-1218-0

One-step synthesis of

School of Chemical Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China

Available online:2012-12-05

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A simple and efficient approach for the synthesis of -caprolactam via the liquid phase nitrosation of cyclohexane and nitrosyl sulfuric acid in the presence of concentrated sulfuric acid has been developed. A series of novel AlVPO composites were prepared by an impregnation method and the composites were then employed to catalyze the nitrosation reaction of cyclohexane and nitrosyl sulfuric acid. Compared to the reaction using fuming sulfuric acid, the selectivity for the desired product was significantly improved using this one-step catalytic process. This method affords a shortcut to prepare -caprolactam and its analogs from cyclohexane.

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