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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering >> 2014, Volume 8, Issue 2 doi: 10.1007/s11705-014-1409-y

Effect of sodium ions in synthesis of titanium silicalite-1 on its catalytic performance for cyclohexanone ammoximation

Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of the Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Available online: 2014-05-22

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Titanium silicalite-1 (TS-1) has been hydrothermally synthesized with tetrapropylammonium hydroxide (TPAOH) as the template in the presence of various amounts of Na , characterized by inductively coupled plasma, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultro-violet-visible spectroscopy and studied in cyclohexanone ammoximation. The characterization results show that with the increase of Na concentration in the synthesis, both the crystal sizes of TS-1and extra framework Ti increase but framework Ti decreases. The addition of Na below 3 mol-% of TPAOH in the synthesis does not influence the catalytic properties with above 98% conversion of cyclohexanone and 99.5% selectivity to cyclohexanone oxime. However, at the concentrations of Na ≥3 mol-% of TPAOH in the synthesis, the catalysts are deactivated faster with the increase of Na addition, which can be attributed to more high molecular weight byproducts deposited in the large TS-1 particles and the loss of the frame-work titanium. The results of this work are of great importance for the industry.

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