Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Leaching of aluminum from coal spoil by mechanothermal activation
State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
The process of activating coal spoil (CS) in order to recover aluminum as a high value product was investigated. The CS was first characterized by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis-differential scanning calorimetry (TGA-DSC) in order to determine the chemical and mineral compositions of the CS. Then a mechanothermal activation method was adopted to increase the aluminum activity in the coal spoil. Over 95% of the aluminum in the CS could be extracted using this activation method. The mechanothermal activation process promoted the destruction of kaolinite structures and hindered the formation of amorphous -Al O . This resulted in a high aluminum leaching activity in the mechanothermally activated CS.