Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Techno-economic comparison of three technologies for pre-combustion CO
. SINTEF Energy Research, NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway.. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 07 Prague 6, Czech Republic
This paper compares the techno-economic performances of three technologies for CO capture from a lignite-based IGCC power plant located in the Czech Republic: (1) Physical absorption with a Rectisol-based process; (2) Polymeric CO -selective membrane-based capture; (3) Low-temperature capture. The evaluations show that the IGCC plant with CO capture leads to costs of electricity between 91 and 120 €·MWh , depending on the capture technology employed, compared to 65 €·MWh for the power plant without capture. This results in CO avoidance costs ranging from 42 to 84 €· , mainly linked to the losses in net power output. From both energy and cost points of view, the low-temperature and Rectisol based CO capture processes are the most efficient capture technologies. Furthermore, partial CO capture appears as a good mean to ensure early implementation due to the limited increase in CO avoidance cost when considering partial capture. To go beyond the two specific CO -selective membranes considered, a cost/membrane property map for CO -selective membranes was developed. This map emphasise the need to develop high performance membrane to compete with solvent technology. Finally, the cost of the whole CCS chain was estimated at 54 €· once pipeline transport and storage are taken into consideration.