. Institute of Materials Science, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany.. Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30167 Hannover, Germany.. Institute for Materials Science, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.. Fraunhofer Institute IWKS, 63457 Hanau, Germany
A series of novel dense mixed conducting ceramic membranes based on K NiF -type (La Ca ) (Ni Cu )O was successfully prepared through a sol-gel route. Their chemical compatibility, oxygen permeability, CO and CO tolerance, and long-term CO resistance regarding phase composition and crystal structure at different atmospheres were studied. The results show that higher Ca contents in the material lead to the formation of CaCO . A constant oxygen permeation flux of about 0.63 mL·min ·cm at 1173 K through a 0.65 mm thick membrane was measured for (La Ca ) (Ni Cu )O , using either helium or pure CO as sweep gas. Steady oxygen fluxes with no sign of deterioration of this membrane were observed with increasing CO concentration. The membrane showed excellent chemical stability towards CO for more than 1360 h and phase stability in presence of CO for 4 h at high temperature. In addition, this membrane did not deteriorate in a high-energy CO plasma. The present work demonstrates that this (La Ca ) (Ni Cu )O membrane is a promising chemically robust candidate for oxygen separation applications.