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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering >> 2022, Volume 16, Issue 10 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2166-y

Newly-modeled graphene-based ternary nanocomposite for the magnetophotocatalytic reduction of CO2 with electrochemical performance

Available online: 2022-06-30

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The development of CO2 into hydrocarbon fuels has emerged as a green method that could help mitigate global warning. The novel structured photocatalyst is a promising material for use in a photocatalytic and magneto-electrochemical method that fosters the reduction of CO2 by suppressing the recombination of electron−hole pairs and effectively transferring the electrons to the surface for the chemical reaction of CO2 reduction. In our study, we have developed a novel-structured AgCuZnS2–graphene–TiO2 to analyze its catalytic activity toward the selective evolution of CO2. The selectivity of each nanocomposite substantially enhanced the activity of the AgCuZnS2–graphene–TiO2 ternary nanocomposite due to the successful interaction, and the selectivity of the final product was improved to a value 3 times higher than that of the pure AgCuZnS2 and 2 times higher than those of AgCuZnS2–graphene and AgCuZnS2–TiO2 under ultra-violet (UV)-light (λ = 254 nm) irradiation in the photocatalytic process. The electrochemical CO2 reduction test was also conducted to analyze the efficacy of the AgCuZnS2–graphene–TiO2 when used as a working electrode in laboratory electrochemical cells. The electrochemical process was conducted under different experimental conditions, such as various scan rates (mV·s–1), under UV-light and with a 0.07 T magnetic-core. The evolution of CO2 substantially improved under UV-light (λ = 254 nm) and with 0.07 T magnetic-core treatment; these improvements were attributed to the facts that the UV-light activated the electron-transfer pathway and the magnetic core controlled the pathway of electron-transmission/prevention to protect it from chaotic electron movement. Among all tested nanocomposites, AgCuZnS2–graphene–TiO2 absorbed the CO2 most strongly and showed the best ability to transfer the electron to reduce the CO2 to methanol. We believe that our newly-modeled ternary nanocomposite opens up new opportunities for the evolution of CO2 to methanol through an electrochemical and photocatalytic process.

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