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Frontiers in Energy >> 2010, Volume 4, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11708-010-0018-9

Optimization of power and efficiency for an irreversible Diesel heat engine

1. College of Physics and Information Engineering, Institute of Functional; 2. Material, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, China; 3. Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China

Available online: 2010-12-05

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A cyclic model of an irreversible Diesel heat engine is presented, in which the heat loss between the working fluid and the ambient during combustion, the irreversibility inside the cyclic working fluid resulting from friction, eddies flow, and other irreversible effects are taken into account. By using the thermodynamic analysis and optimal control theory methods, the analytical expressions of power output and efficiency of the Diesel heat engine are derived. Variations of the main performance parameters with the pressure ratio of the cycle are analyzed and calculated. The optimum operating region of the heat engine is determined. Moreover, the optimum criterion of some important parameters, such as the power output, efficiency, pressure ratio, and temperatures of the working fluid at the related state points are illustrated and discussed. The conclusions obtained in the present paper may provide some theoretical guidance for the optimal parameter design of a class of internal-combustion engines.

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