Against the background of an active global layout of industrial development, China focuses on exploring suitable industrial development theories. The management system consists of a set of important methodologies for production organizations and thus is critical to economic development. This study builds a theoretical model for Internet Plus Management System from the three perspectives of organizational form, value network, and resource environment, and quantitatively evaluates the application status and innovation trend of the deep integration between innovative achievements of the Internet and economic and social fields in China, using the evaluation data of over 160 000 enterprises acquired from the Contemporary Service Platform for Integration of Informatization and Industrialization. The analysis reveals that the Internet Plus integration mode has achieved remarkable results in China. A new capability system has been gradually established under the background of Enterprise Internet, and the paths have become clear for industrial transformation and upgrading. However, the level of integrated collaboration remains low and the information infrastructure is relatively underdeveloped. Based on the theoretical model and application assessment, the Internet Plus Management System for 2035 is discussed and prospected in terms of subjects, factors, models, etc., hoping to provide references for the manufacturing transformation and upgrading and high-quality economic development in China.