In light of our military missions and the potential electromagnetic threats for the new era, this paper summarizes the characteristics of the electromagnetic environment for information operation, focuses on analyzing the complex electromagnetic environment adaptive needs of the correlative equipment and systems closely related to the electromagnetic environment in the new-generation military command information system, and finally presents some specific recommendations for our armed forces, with academic research.
As an innovative strategic management tool, technology foresight has received increasing interest. There is a large number of related scholarship on technology foresight and its application. The theoretical difficulty is how to conduct technology foresight for different kinds of emerging industries, especially for targeted types of industry innovation in a developing country. Delphi expert analysis is currently the most popular method for technology foresight. This method is undermined by a lack of reliabe and valid big data to support expert experience. The authors propose a new method for patent and technical document analysis for the use of technology foresight for China’s emerging industries.
Engineering science and technology is strongly linked with production, and is the most direct driving force for the Two Centenary Goals of China. The main tasks of medium- and long-term strategic research on engineering science and technology are to design a development route for China's engineering science and technology aim toward scientific and technological power, based on China's situation and development requirement analyses. This paper introduces the methodology applied in our project for medium- and long-term development strategy research on engineering science and technology, and proposes a general idea and strategic framework for China's engineering science and technology development to 2035.
Technology foresight is a systemic national science and technology policy in Japan, where it has been consistently and effectively implemented. To date, Japan has implemented technology foresight research 10 times, thus meaningfully promoting research and development in science and technology in Japan, the technological innovation and management abilities of Japanese companies, and a deep understanding of the development law of technology. This paper introduces the methodology, modes, implementation system, and survey process of Japan's 10th technology foresight; analyzes its experiences and problems; and provides reference and guidance for technology foresight in China.
Technology foresight is a process that promotes the integration of technology, the economy, and major planning projects, and explores the development of future technology. In consideration of the future economic and social development needs of our country, technology foresight in development strategy research on engineering science and technology involves predicting and selecting key technologies for engineering science and technology in the next 20 years. Combining objective analysis with subjective judgment, the methods and procedures applied in technology foresight on China's engineering science and technology to 2035 were designed by considering the characteristics of engineering science and technology. This technology foresight selects key, common, and disruptive technologies from more than 800 technologies in 11 fields, and analyzes their technical realization time, development level, and constraints. The results of the technology foresight are adopted to create a technology roadmap for China's engineering science and technology development to 2035 in various fields.
Key technology foresight in the fields of medical and population health is very important to China's population health, economy, and social development. Such foresight permits technological development trends in medical and population health to be grasped, thereby meeting major national strategic demands. In this paper, a list of alternative technologies is put forward on the basis of technology foresight, bibliometrics, and patent analysis (both domestic and international). A Delphi investigation of the list was carried out among experts in the fields of medical technology and medical industry all over the country. A total of 10 major key technologies, 10 major common technologies, and 10 major disruptive technologies were put forward, by analyzing the results of the Delphi investigation in combination with the experts’ judgment. The realization time, development level, and limiting factors of these major technologies were also analyzed. The results of this study provide a scientific basis for the raising of major projects in the fields of medical and population health.
As one of the most innovative, integrated, and cutting-edge science and technology fields, the information and electronics field has developed very rapidly in recent years, and has had a profound effect on almost all other fields. Therefore, technology foresight for this field is particularly important. Sponsored by the project titled "Research on China's Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy 2035", this study implemented two rounds of investigation into the field of information and electronics, using the Delphi method. By using different approaches, this study was able to identify critical applied technologies, important generic technologies, and potential disruptive technologies that are particularly noteworthy. In addition, this paper draws a careful comparison between two rounds of survey conclusions for "big data technology", "advanced computing technology", "space-ground integrated information network technology", and other important technologies. This paper provides a reference for the establishment of important technical directions for China's engineering science and technology development plan to 2035 and for future technology foresight.
It is a critical and long-term strategic goal for China to enhance its capacity to exploit marine resources, develop marine economics, protect the marine ecological environment, uphold maritime rights and interests, and build a maritime power. However, China is still in the preliminary stage of marine exploration; therefore, we need to enhance our ability to utilize and control the ocean from a global perspective. It is urgent that the development and utilization of marine resources—including exploration, engineering exploitation, and environmental protection—and the safeguarding of the rights and interests of the state should be treated as an organic whole in the top-level engineering science and technology designs that are required to build a maritime power. Based on a series of technology foresight analyses that were performed through inter-disciplinary integration, this project puts forward key directions in marine engineering science and technology development. In addition, this paper outlines the development path for China’s marine engineering science and technology in six key aspects, including: marine environment stereo-observation technology and equipment, submarine resources exploration and development technology, marine biological resources exploration and development technology, seawater resources and marine energy comprehensive utilization technology, marine environment security technology, and marine development equipment. This paper presents the scientific and technological vision, key points of development, development strategy, and development path for China's marine engineering science and technology to 2035.
China's engineering science and technology development strategy research is a common project organized by the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The purposes of this research are to build a high-level national engineering science and technology think tank, to build a Chinese science and technology planning platform, and to develop science and technology planning in a manner that suits the Chinese national condition. This paper describes the Chinese level of science and technology to 2035, using top-level design and two operating systems (an administrative line system to ensure the efficiency of the strategy research, and a technical line system to ensure the quality of the strategy research) in order to achieve the desired results.
The object of this analysis is to closely link China's economic and social development with its engineering science and technology demands. This article introduces the background and methods of demand analysis in China and abroad. The analysis uses interviews and surveys from core experts in the field of economic and social development, along with other methods, to depict six visions of China's economic and social development to 2035, and to point out the demand for engineering science and technology.