It is predicted that the population of China will be growing to 1.45 billion， the urbanization rate will be 70 % by 2030， the total urban population will be exploded to 1 billion comparing with 0.7 billion urban population of 2013. As the continuously growing of population of China and urban population， China will face severe food crisis， especially the protein shortage problem in future. This paper presents a new theoretical model that by combining non-grid-connected wind power and coal to gas with bioengineering to produce single cell protein to contribute to resolving the food crisis. By combining non-grid-connected wind power and coal to gas with bioengineering to produce single cell protein can not only use the coal resource more efficiently， environmental friendly， but also produce nutrient rich protein for forage and human food.
By summarizing Chinese aquaculture development, this paper discusses the strategic significance for further improving aquaculture. Guided by the new growth concept of green, low-carbon and carbon sink fisheries, the development strategy for environmentally friendly aquaculture is proposed, mainly including: promoting "conservation, extension and high-tech" development strategy for aquaculture modernization; realizing "high-efficient, high-quality, ecology, health and safety" mission target for aquaculture sustainable development; and the key tasks in the near era for establishing modern aquaculture innovation system, etc. Focusing on the existing problems of aquaculture industry and its developmental needs, we put forward the following suggestions: China should pay attention to the spatial demand of aquaculture, set up aquaculture carrying capacity assessment system, develop ecosystem-based new production mode of aquaculture, conduct enhancement projects for aquaculture facilities, strengthen aquaculture management and law-enforcement, etc.
Realizing sustainable development has become a global priority. This holds, in particular, for agriculture. Recently, the United Nations launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Nineteenth National People’s Congress has delivered a national strategy for sustainable development in China—realizing green development. The overall objective of Agriculture Green Development (AGD) is to coordinate “green” with “development” to realize the transformation of current agriculture with high resource consumption and high environmental costs into a green agriculture and countryside with high productivity, high resource use efficiency and low environmental impact. This is a formidable task, requiring joint efforts of government, farmers, industry, educators and researchers. The innovative concept for AGD will focus on reconstructing the whole crop-animal production and food production-consumption system, with the emphasis on high thresholds for environmental standards and food quality as well as enhanced human well-being. This paper addresses the significance, challenges, framework, pathways and potential solutions for realizing AGD in China, and highlights the potential changes that will lead to a more sustainable agriculture in the future. Proposals include interdisciplinary innovations, whole food chain improvement and regional solutions. The implementation of AGD in China will provide important implications for the countries in developmental transition, and contribute to global sustainable development.
This paper reviews recent developments in crop science that can be the basis of a revolution in the global food system but it is also emphasized that such a revolution requires more than changes in food production and supply. We must more effectively feed a growing global population with a healthy diet while also defining and delivering the kinds of sustainable food systems that will minimise damage to our planet. There are exciting new developments in crop production biology but much existing crop science can be exploited to increase yields with the aid of a knowledge exchange (KE) framework requiring the use of new technology now available to most people across the globe. We discuss novel approaches at both the plant and the crop level that will enhance nutrient and water productivity and we also outline ways in which energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be reduced and labor shortages combatted. Exploitation of new biology and new engineering opportunities will require development of public-private partnerships and collaborations across the disciplines to allow us to move effectively from discovery science to practical application. It is also important that consumers contribute to the debate over proposed changes to food and farming and so effective KE mechanisms are required between all relevant communities.
Balancing crop productivity with resource use efficiency and beneficial environmental consequences is essential for sustainable agricultural development worldwide. Various strategies and approaches have been proposed and debated, but turning the concept into management practices in the field with measurable outcomes over several scales remains a challenge. An innovative approach, Integrated Soil-Crop System Management (ISSM), for producing more grain with greater nutrient use efficiencies and less environmental pollution is presented. The ISSM approach has been used in China, in field experiments as well as in thousands of farmer fields, to substantially increase the yields of maize, rice and wheat while simultaneously increasing nitrogen use efficiency and reducing environmental footprints. The scientific principle, implementation strategy and procedures of ISSM are discussed and examples of its demonstrated successes at local and regional levels across China are given. Perspectives for further development of ISSM and expanding its potential impact are also proposed and discussed.
Food security is not only an economic issue, but also an important social issue. To ensure national food security, China has to study and evaluate correctly changes in supply and demand in the future; carry out the three development requirements of Great Food View, full industry chain and new greening; draw the alerting line for food security standards and resource utilization; differentiate importing categories and the order of priority; set clear development goals and enhance basic support and technical support. Based on the strategic concept of sustainable development of food security in the future, the paper proposes policy suggestions including setting the core strategy of being basically self-sufficient in grain, speeding up the implementation of the major project of building 1 billion mu of high standard farmlands, carrying out creative operation modes and cultivating the new type of agricultural business entities, improving laws and regulations, promoting the development process of modern agriculture, etc.
As the largest terrestrial ecosystem in China, grassland plays a strategic role in ensuring the ecological and food security and carrying forward the grassland culture of China. This paper analyzes the current situation, development trend and major influence factors of the resources, ecological functions and productivity of the grassland in China and discusses the current and future challenges, opportunities and potential of China's grassland ecological security and productivity as well as the development of grassland husbandry. Based on the analysis, the author further makes suggestions on the strategic goals and focuses, key measures and major policies for the ecological and food security of China's grassland.
It has become an urgent task in China to develop modern agricultural sciences and technologies for supporting food security since the establishment of the national food policy. Based on the clarification of the concept of food security and distinguishing human being food from animal feed, the future supply potential and deficit of agricultural products from the existed cultivated and non-cultivated land resources were estimated. It was indicated that the arable land should be used mainly for human being cereal production while the animal feed could be produced from some cultivated land, grassland and sea or ocean area. Then the major scientific and technological problems to be resolved for securing the food production in China were put forward, including the science and technology in arable land expansion, improvement and replacement, those in efficient sustainable utilization of the cultivated land and those in coping with the abiotic stresses, as well as the corresponding top-level blue print design of the future research essentials. It was noticed that the interactive development strategy between the advanced agricultural science and technology innovation and the conventional industry technology improvement should be emphasized as a priority. Furthermore, the strategy and policy for the reform of the organization system and management mechanism in the government management of science and technology were suggested, including the establishment of permanent center for sustainable food production monitoring and decision making, the differential responsibilities for ministry of agriculture and ministry of science and technology, the top level blue print design of the science and technology development in agriculture, the science and technology innovation recognized after benefiting the agro-production, and so for.
During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan and even in a long period in the future, the demand for husbandry products in China will show a rigid increase. But Chinese husbandry is currently faced with unfavorable situations, such as the serious resources shortage, the increasing environmental constraints, and the intense international competitions that exacerbate their impact on domestic husbandry. Based on the above facts, Chinese husbandry should take the sustainable development strategy for the future. This paper analyzes the development status of Chinese husbandry and challenges for its sustainable development and makes a basic judgment on the sustainable development of Chinese husbandry. Aiming at the 13th Five-Year Plan, the paper develops the strategic objectives, strategic priorities and basic principles that will benefit the sustainable development of Chinese husbandry. Furthermore, in order to provide theoretical support for accelerating the transformation of Chinese husbandry development mode, and realizing the husbandry modernization, it also puts forward some important suggestions on "further making clear the strategic dominance of husbandry in modern agriculture development" and "reasonable use of the international market to protect domestic food security" and "quickly launching and implementing a batch of key husbandry science and technology R&D programs".
Vaccination plays an important role in large-scale and intensive commercial marine fish farming. Vaccines can have significant positive impact on the reduced usage of antibiotics and have been a key reason for the successes of the healthy and sustainable development in marine fish aquaculture industries of developed countries and regions in the world. China, the world’s largest fish producer, has been in the time of industrial transformation and upgrading on marine fish farming, however the increasing serious problems of fish diseases and food safety have been becoming one of the executing barriers for the greater progress in marine fish farming. With continuous technical breakthroughs in research and commercial development of marine fish vaccines funded by National industry system of flounder fishes, vaccination will be the core strategy of disease control and prevention in China’s marine fish aquaculture.