Since the reform and opening-up was carried out in 1978, a comprehensive and competitive modern industrial system has been set up in China, which plays a vital role in the world. Persisting in reform and opening-up, keeping the social and economic environments stable, building the comprehensive public infrastructure, encouraging the initiative of the local governments, and strengthen the innovation and technology progress contribute a lot to the achievements of manufacturing in China. Meanwhile, there are still some obstacles to restricting the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing from institution, mechanism, and policies in China.
Manufacturing plays a vital role in a country. This article explains the reality of China’s manufacturing industry which is “large but not strong”, refers to the domestic and foreign manufacturing industry evaluation system research experience, defined the connotation and characteristics of manufacturing power, established a comprehensive evaluation system which included 4 first-class indexes and 18 secondary-class indexes, and take this as the foundation. This article has carried on the preliminary analysis between China and several other countries.
Process industries such as steel and petrochemical engineering are the pillar industry of national economy, which are the foundation to achieve “manufacturing prower” and the top 10 development areas of “Made in China 2025.” So far, the disharmony of equipment and process engineering in process industries results in the outstanding problems in safety and economic operation, such as high energy consumption and high failure rates of equipments. In this paper, the reasons are analyzed in design and construction, business management, government orientation and talent cultivation. Development strategies are put forward for greenization, intelligentization and remanufacture in service of equipments in process industries. Some strategies and policy proposals are also put forward for greening design and manufacture, intelligentized supervisory control of health and energy efficiency for equipment, and remanufacture in service.
By comparing and referring the experiences how the four major core elements (first-class indexes) improved manufacturing industry in industrial developed countries. This article analyzed the gap between China and other countries, explored the common regularities how to realize manufacturing power, and estimated the speed and the target to be a strong country in manufacturing industry. This article proposed policy suggestions based on the analysis of 18 secondary-class indexes.
Based on the Hallak Product Quality model, we construct an empirical product quality model adopting unit value, distance between countries, income per capita. This research measures Chinese, Indian and Brazilian manufacturing quality of HS6 products that export to the U.S., from 2003 to 2013. And we put forward policy recommendations to improve China’s product quality upgrading ability in the international market.
Manufacturing industry is the key carrier of the technological innovation. The technological innovation is the key force for the development of manufacturing industry. The manufacturing industry in China has experienced the fast development since reform and opening up, but in general, the industry appears to be “large but not strong”. The research utilizes a scientific analysis to detect environments the development of manufacturing in China facing to and capabilities of the innovation. It is critical to persist the principle of “independent innovation, intelligence leaded, green development, and breakthrough in key areas” to realize the innovation-driven development of China Manufacturing. The core of the developments must be to improve the capability of independent innovation, and the main path is to develop the manufacturing digitalized, networked, and intelligentialized. It is important to develop green manufacturing with energy efficiency increased and friendly relationship with environments. Firstly, breakthroughs in key products in the key fields and key manufacturing technology can be realized, and the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry can be realized. Finally, we will realized the historic leap of China Manufacturing from high capacity to high capability.
This article mainly discussed the historical development tendency of 18 secondary-indexes of manufacturing power, and summarized the characteristics of them in different periods in the early, middle, late industrialized and post-industrial countries.
Given the significant requirements for transforming and promoting the process industry, we present the major limitations of current petrochemical enterprises, including limitations in decision-making, production operation, efficiency and security, information integration, and so forth. To promote a vision of the process industry with efficient, green, and smart production, modern information technology should be utilized throughout the entire optimization process for production, management, and marketing. To focus on smart equipment in manufacturing processes, as well as on the adaptive intelligent optimization of the manufacturing process, operating mode, and supply chain management, we put forward several key scientific problems in engineering in a demand-driven and application-oriented manner, namely: ① intelligent sensing and integration of all process information, including production and management information; ② collaborative decision-making in the supply chain, industry chain, and value chain, driven by knowledge; ③ cooperative control and optimization of plant-wide production processes via human-cyber-physical interaction; and ④ life-cycle assessments for safety and environmental footprint monitoring, in addition to tracing analysis and risk control. In order to solve these limitations and core scientific problems, we further present fundamental theories and key technologies for smart and optimal manufacturing in the process industry. Although this paper discusses the process industry in China, the conclusions in this paper can be extended to the process industry around the world.