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2021, Vol.23, Issue.6

On the cover

Climate change is currently regarded as the biggest non-traditional security challenge facing human development. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions has become a global consensus. Green and low-carbon development is the trend of future global economic and social development. In September 2020, China announced at the General Debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly that China will strive to peak its carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality is an inevitable choice for breaking resource and environmental constraints to realize sustainable development. It is also a solemn commitment to building a community with a shared future for mankind. The major consulting project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering “Research on the Strategies and Paths for Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality in China” invited over 40 academicians, 300 experts, and dozens of units to conduct in-depth research. The project aims to lead high-quality development via maintaining low-carbon emissions. It summarizes the major challenges and key tasks for carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, studies the problems and specific needs in different fields and stages, and proposes implementation paths and countermeasures for different stages, thereby providing technical and policy support for carbon peaking by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. This special issue publishes the research results of this project. The paths proposed involve power systems, transportation, industrial structure adjustment, natural gas industry, and energy reduction. Frontier developments discussed involve mineral and geothermal energy, ocean thermal energy, new electric power, carbon capture, utilization and storage, and distributed photovoltaic.

Topic Editorial Board

Editorial Committee of Research on the Strategies and Paths for Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality in Chinaon Neutrality in China

Director

Du Xiangwan, Chinese Academy of Engineering

Member

Zhong Zhihua, Chinese Academy of Engineering

Chen Jianfeng, Chinese Academy of Engineering

Wang Jinnan, Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning

Wu Hequan, China Academy of Information and Communication Technology

Su Yinao, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development

Shu Yinbiao, China Huaneng Group Co., Ltd.

Li Yang, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation

Liu He, Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development

Cai Meifeng, University of Science and Technology Beijing

Duo Ji, Chengdu University of Technology

Mao Jingwen, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences

Zhou Shouwei, CNOOC Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Li Junfeng, National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation

Yang Lei, Peking University

Contents Volume 23 · Issue 6 · 2021. Pages 1-186 19 articles

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Research on the Strategies and Paths for Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality in China

Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality Path for China’s Power Industry

Shu Yinbiao, Zhang Liying, Zhang Yunzhou, Wang Yaohua, Lu Gang, Yuan Bo, Xia Peng

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 1-14 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.001

Abstract 3003 PDF 927

Paths for Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality in Transport Sector in China

Li Xiaoyi, Tan Xiaoyu, Wu Rui, Xu Honglei, Zhong Zhihua, Li Yue, Zheng Chaohui, Wang Renjie, Qiao Yingjun

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 15-21 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.008

Abstract 3210 PDF 580

Adjusting Industrial Structure and Reducing Carbon Emission Intensity: International Comparison and Experience Enlightenment

Guo Shiyi, Liu Wenqiang, Zhao Weidong

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 22-32 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.010

Abstract 871 PDF 253

China’s Natural Gas Development Strategy under the Constraints of arbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality

Liu He, Liang Kun, Zhang Guosheng, Li Zhixin, Ding Lin, Su Jian, Zhu Shijia, Ge Su, Liu Jingyao

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 33-42 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.005

Abstract 1062 PDF 311

Development Strategy for Co-mining of the Deep Mineral and Geothermal Resources

Cai Meifeng, Duo Ji, Chen Xiangsheng, Mao Jingwen, Tang Chun´an, Liu Zhiqiang, Ji Hongguang, Ren Fenhua, Guo Qifeng, Li Peng

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 43-51 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.006

Abstract 585 PDF 184

Comprehensive Utilization of Temperature Difference Energy and Low-Temperature Seawater Resources

Fu Qiang, Wang Guorong, Zhou Shouwei, Zhong Lin, Zhang Li, Yu Xingyong, Yang Pu

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 52-60 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.007

Abstract 513 PDF 167

Building a New Electric Power System Based on New Energy Sources

Shu Yinbiao, Chen Guoping, He Jingbo, Zhang Fang

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 61-69 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.003

Abstract 2646 PDF 728

Development of Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Technology in China

Zhang Xian, Li Yang, Ma Qiao, Liu Lingna

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 70-80 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.004

Abstract 2862 PDF 698

Energy-Saving Potential Analysis and Countermeasures for Carbon Peaking in China

Huang Haixia, Cheng Fan, Su Yinao, Yao Liangzhong, Hu Jianzu

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 81-91 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.009

Abstract 1052 PDF 337

Building Monitoring by Remote Sensing and Analysis of Distributed Photovoltaic Construction Potentials

Wang Guanghui, Tang Xinming, Zhang Tao, Dai Hailun, Peng Yaoyao

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 92-100 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.017

Abstract 589 PDF 161

The International Practices of Policy Mechanism and Social Consensus for Reaching Carbon Neutrality and Their Key Implications to China

Yang Lei, Bi Yunqing, Zheng Ping, Jin Zhijun

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 101-107 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.011

Abstract 643 PDF 251

Engineering Management

Strategic Planning of Global Innovation and Industry Highland in Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macao Greater Bay Area from a Medium- and Long-Term Perspective

Wang Yingjun, Zeng Zhimin, Zhang Longpeng, Hu Yanjuan

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 108-119 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.012

Abstract 522 PDF 135

Strengthening National Strategic Science and Technology Strength to Serve Economic Development

Bai Guangzu, Peng Xianke, Wang Bao, Cao Xiaoyang, Xu Bingxin, Sun Siyuan,Wang Qiang, Xia Jiawen

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 120-127 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.019

Abstract 1251 PDF 188

Development Strategy of the New-Generation Effectiveness-Oriented Earth-Observation System

Zhao Wenbo, Li Shuai, Li Bo, Wei Zheng, Hou Yukui, Shen Zhiqiang, Yan Wei, Yu Longjiang, Gong Ran, Chen Hu, Qi Faren

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 128-138 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.020

Abstract 616 PDF 145

Construction of Science and Technology Support System for Public Health Emergencies in China

Li Mingsui, Wang Zhuoran, Wu Yue, Jiang Huili, Yang Juntao, Liu Depei

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 139-146 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.013

Abstract 389 PDF 85

Frontier of Engineering

Development Status and Trend of Standards Digitization

Liu Xize , Wang Yiyi, Du Xiaoyan, Li Jia, Che Di

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 147-154 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.014

Abstract 1285 PDF 254

China’s Polylactic Acid Industry: Current Status and Development Strategies

Wang Zhengxiang

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 155-166 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.015

Abstract 1197 PDF 208

Safety Risks of Self-driving Vehicle: Identification and Measurement

Dou Wenyue, Hu Ping, Wei Ping, Zheng Nanning

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 167-177 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.016

Abstract 836 PDF 159

Development of Cultured Meat Technology in China

Guan Xin, Zhou Jingwen, Du Guocheng, Chen Jian

Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering 2021, Volume 23, Issue 6,   Pages 178-186 doi:10.15302/J-SSCAE-2021.06.018

Abstract 625 PDF 113