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2022, Vol.8, Issue.1

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The sixth generation (6G) mobile networks are envisioned to reshape the world by offering intelligent hyper-connectivity between physical and digital worlds. The genie, as a super intelligent agent for physical communication objects, is proposed as a new type of communication object in 6G in addition to human, machine, and thing. The genie speeds up the transition from syntactic to semantic information interactions among different communication objects. Bit is the basic organization unit of syntactic information. Similarly, we propose a new semantic base (Seb) framework to organize semantic information in a structured, concise, and flexible way. Seb provides a modularized and highly-abstractive representation model, and is the primitive basis of the superiority that semantic communications are more concise and efficient than syntactic communications. Moreover, a semantic communication network architecture based on Seb is also developed to promote the evolution towards wisdom-evolutionary and primitive-concise 6G around the world.

Contents Volume 8 · Issue 1 · 2022. Pages 1-190 23 articles

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Editorial

Editorial for the Special Issue on 6G Requirements, Visions, and Enabling Technologies

Ping Zhang, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Jianhua Zhang

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 1-2 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.12.001

Abstract 796 PDF 253

News & Highlights

Direct Air Carbon Capture Takes Baby Steps—Giant Strides Are Needed

Sean O´Neill

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 3-5 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.11.005

Abstract 976 PDF 191

Start-ups Seek to Accelerate Path to Nuclear Fusion

Mitch Leslie

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 6-8 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.11.006

Abstract 488 PDF 84

The Drive for Electric Motor Innovation

Chris Palmer

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 9-11 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.11.007

Abstract 685 PDF 143

Views & Comments

6G: Ubiquitous Extending to the Vast Underwater World of Oceans

Yuanliang Ma, Qunfei Zhang, Honglei Wang

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 12-17 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.07.017

Abstract 674 PDF 278

Industrial Wireless Control Networks: From WIA to Future

Haibin Yu, Peng Zeng, Chi Xu

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 18-24 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.06.024

Abstract 334 PDF 128

Hazardous Waste Management in the Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macao Greater Bay Area

Beidou Xi, Tianxue Yang, Rui Zhao, Linyun Jing, Tiancheng Gong, Qifei Huang, Li´an Hou

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 25-28 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.08.009

Abstract 232 PDF 88

Construction of an Artificial Intelligence Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis and Treatment Model Based on Syndrome Elements and Small-Sample Data

Jie Wang, Lian Duan, Hongzheng Li, Jinlei Liu, Hengwen Chen

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 29-32 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.06.014

Abstract 322 PDF 105

Research

6G Requirements, Vision, and Enabling Technologies

Federated Learning for 6G: Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities Review

Zhaohui Yang, Mingzhe Chen, Kai-Kit Wong, H. Vincent Poor, Shuguang Cui

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 33-41 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.12.002

Abstract 1539 PDF 308

The SOLIDS 6G Mobile Network Architecture: Driving Forces, Features, and Functional Topology Review

Guangyi Liu, Na Li, Juan Deng, Yingying Wang, Junshuai Sun, Yuhong Huang

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 42-59 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.07.013

Abstract 734 PDF 199

Toward Wisdom-Evolutionary and Primitive-Concise 6G: A New Paradigm of Semantic Communication Networks Article

Ping Zhang, Wenjun Xu, Hui Gao, Kai Niu, Xiaodong Xu, Xiaoqi Qin, Caixia Yuan, Zhijin Qin, Haitao Zhao, Jibo Wei, Fangwei Zhang

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 60-73 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.11.003

Abstract 2424 PDF 540

Blockchain for Transparent Data Management Toward 6G Article

Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Dongxiao Liu, Cheng Huang, Liang Xue, Han Yin, Weihua Zhuang, Rob Sun, Bidi Ying

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 74-85 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.10.002

Abstract 409 PDF 133

Joint Modulations of Electromagnetic Waves and Digital Signals on A Single Metasurface Platform to Reach Programmable Wireless Communications Article

Xiang Wan, Chaokun Xiao, He Huang, Qiang Xiao, Wei Xu, Yueheng Li, Joerg Eisenbeis, Jiawei Wang, Ziai Huang, Qiang Cheng, Shi Jin, Thomas Zwick, Tiejun Cui

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 86-95 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.07.016

Abstract 286 PDF 97

MEC-Empowered Non-Terrestrial Network for 6G Wide-Area Time-Sensitive Internet of Things Article

Chengxiao Liu, Wei Feng, Xiaoming Tao, Ning Ge

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 96-107 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.11.002

Abstract 672 PDF 177

Coronavirus Disease 2019

Enlightenment from the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Roles of Environmental Factors in Future Public Health Emergency Response Perspective

Xiaolei Wang,Fengchang Wu,Xiaoli Zhao,Xiao Zhang,Junyu Wang,Lin Niu,Weigang Liang,Kenneth Mei Yee Leung,John P. Giesy

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 108-115 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2020.12.019

Abstract 258 PDF 85

Development and Validation of a Prognostic Risk Score System for COVID-19 Inpatients: A Multi-Center Retrospective Study in China Article

Ye Yuan, Chuan Sun, Xiuchuan Tang, Cheng Cheng, Laurent Mombaerts, Maolin Wang, Tao Hu, Chenyu Sun, Yuqi Guo, Xiuting Li, Hui Xu, Tongxin Ren, Yang Xiao, Yaru Xiao, Hongling Zhu, Honghan Wu, Kezhi Li, Chuming Chen, Yingxia Liu, Zhichao Liang, Zhiguo Cao, Hai-Tao Zhang, Ioannis Ch. Paschaldis, Quanying Liu, Jorge Goncalves, Qiang Zhong, Li Yan

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 116-121 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2020.10.013

Abstract 268 PDF 52

A Predictive Nomogram for Predicting Improved Clinical Outcome Probability in Patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang Province, China Article

Jiaojiao Xie, Ding Shi, Mingyang Bao, Xiaoyi Hu, Wenrui Wu, Jifang Sheng, Kaijin Xu, Qing Wang, Jingjing Wu, Kaicen Wang, Daiqiong Fang, Yating Li, Lanjuan Li

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 122-129 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2020.05.014

Abstract 1387 PDF 243

Adaptive Wall-Based Attachment Ventilation: A Comparative Study on Its Effectiveness in Airborne Infection Isolation Rooms with Negative Pressure Article

Ying Zhang, Ou Han, Angui Li, Li´an Hou, Thomas Olofsson, Linhua Zhang, Wenjun Lei,

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 130-137 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2020.10.020

Abstract 284 PDF 73

Green Chemical Engineering

A General Strategy for Efficiently Constructing Multifunctional Cluster Fillers Using a Three-Fluid Nozzle Spray Drying Technique for Dental Restoration Article

Dan-Lei Yang, Dan Wang, Hao Niu, Rui-Li Wang, Mei Liu, Fei-Min Zhang, Jie-Xin Wang, Mei-Fang Zhu

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 138-147 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.08.001

Abstract 159 PDF 46

Smart Grid and Energy Internet

Double-blockchain Assisted Secure and Anonymous Data Aggregation for Fog-enabled Smart Grid Article

Siguang Chen, Li Yang, Chuanxin Zhao, Vijayakumar Varadarajan, Kun Wang

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 159-169 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2020.06.018

Abstract 204 PDF 84

Solid-State Batteries

Modification of NASICON Electrolyte and Its Application in Real Na-Ion Cells Article

Qiangqiang Zhang, Quan Zhou, Yaxiang Lu, Yuanjun Shao, Yuruo Qi, Xingguo Qi,Guiming Zhong, Yong Yang, Liquan Chen, Yong-Sheng Hu

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 170-180 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.04.028

Abstract 458 PDF 97

Genetic Engineering

Successful production of an all-female common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) population using cyp17a1-deficient neomale carp Article

Gang Zhai,Tingting Shu,Kuangxin Chen,Qiyong Lou,Jingyi Jia,Jianfei Huang,Chuang Shi,Xia Jin,Jiangyan He,Donghuo Jiang,Xueqiao Qian,Wei Hu,Zhan Yin,

Engineering 2022, Volume 8, Issue 1,   Pages 181-189 doi:10.1016/j.eng.2021.03.026

Abstract 199 PDF 59