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Special issue: Advances and prospect of engineering management

Lieyun DING, Heng LI

Frontiers of Engineering Management 2017, Volume 4, Issue 1,   Pages 1-3 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2017102

Abstract:

Recent advances in systemic lupus erythematosus and microbiota: from bench to bedside

Frontiers of Medicine 2022, Volume 16, Issue 5,   Pages 686-700 doi: 10.1007/s11684-022-0957-7

Abstract: In this review, the latest research about the role and mechanisms of microbiota in SLE and the advances

Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus     microbiota     biotherapy    

An overview and recent advances in electrocatalysts for direct seawater splitting

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2021, Volume 15, Issue 6,   Pages 1408-1426 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2102-6

Abstract: In comparison to pure water, seawater is widely accepted as an unlimited resource. The direct seawater splitting is economical and eco-friendly, but the key challenges in seawater, especially the chlorine-related competing reactions at the anode, seriously hamper its practical application. The development of earth-abundant electrocatalysts toward direct seawater splitting has emerged as a promising strategy. Highly efficient electrocatalysts with improved selectivity and stability are of significance in preventing the interference of side reactions and resisting various impurities. This review first discusses the macroscopic understanding of direct seawater electrolysis and then focuses on the strategies for rational design of electrocatalysts toward direct seawater splitting. The perspectives of improved electrocatalysts to solve emerging challenges and further development of direct seawater splitting are also provided.

Keywords: seawater splitting     electrocatalysts     oxygen evolution reaction     hydrogen evolution reaction     chlorine chemistry    

Recent advances in the electrochemical oxidation water treatment: Spotlight on byproduct control

Yang Yang

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2020, Volume 14, Issue 5, doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1264-7

Abstract: In this mini-review, we will summarize the recent advances and provide perspectives to address the above

Keywords: Electrochemical water treatment     Byproducts     Perchlorate    

Emerging immunological strategies: recent advances and future directions

Frontiers of Medicine 2021, Volume 15, Issue 6,   Pages 805-828 doi: 10.1007/s11684-021-0886-x

Abstract: Immunotherapy plays a compelling role in cancer treatment and has already made remarkable progress. However, many patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors fail to achieve clinical benefits, and the response rates vary among tumor types. New approaches that promote anti-tumor immunity have recently been developed, such as small molecules, bispecific antibodies, chimeric antigen receptor T cell products, and cancer vaccines. Small molecule drugs include agonists and inhibitors that can reach the intracellular or extracellular targets of immune cells participating in innate or adaptive immune pathways. Bispecific antibodies, which bind two different antigens or one antigen with two different epitopes, are of great interest. Chimeric antigen receptor T cell products and cancer vaccines have also been investigated. This review explores the recent progress and challenges of different forms of immunotherapy agents and provides an insight into future immunotherapeutic strategies.

Keywords: cancer immunotherapy     bispecific antibodies     small molecules     chimeric antigen receptor T therapy     cancer vaccines    

Recent advances in antimony removal using carbon-based nanomaterials: A review

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 4, doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1482-7

Abstract:

• The synthesis and physicochemical properties of various CNMs are reviewed.

Keywords: Antimony     Carbon nanomaterials     Adsorption     Membrane separation    

Recent advances of hydrogen production through particulate semiconductor photocatalytic overall water

Frontiers in Energy 2022, Volume 16, Issue 1,   Pages 49-63 doi: 10.1007/s11708-022-0817-9

Abstract: Solar energy-driven photocatalytic water splitting has been investigated for decades to produce clean and renewable green hydrogen. In this paper, the cutting-edge research within the overall water splitting system is summarized from the one-step photocatalytic overall water splitting (POWS) system to the two-step system and the cocatalysts research in this field. In addition, the photocatalytic reaction engineering study is also reviewed which is crucial for future scale-up. This mini-review provides a picture of survey of recent progress of relevant overall water splitting system, with particular attention paid to material system and mechanistic breakthroughs, and highlights the challenge and opportunity of the current system.

Keywords: photocatalysis     overall water splitting     hydrogen    

Recent advances in cathode electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells

Junliang ZHANG

Frontiers in Energy 2011, Volume 5, Issue 2,   Pages 137-148 doi: 10.1007/s11708-011-0153-y

Abstract: This review article is focused on recent advances made in the kinetic-activity improvement on platinum

Keywords: proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs)     cathode electrocatalysts     platinum     oxygen reduction reaction (ORR)    

Current advances in the elimination of hepatitis B in China by 2030

Shuye Zhang, Fusheng Wang, Zheng Zhang

Frontiers of Medicine 2017, Volume 11, Issue 4,   Pages 490-501 doi: 10.1007/s11684-017-0598-4

Abstract:

With its 78 million chronic carriers, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still one of the leading public health challenges in China. Over the last two decades, China has made great progress on the prevention of HBV transmission through national vaccination programs. Zero transmission from mother to infant has been proposed as the current goal. Available anti-HBV therapy is efficacious in suppressing HBV replication; however, it fails to completely cure patients with chronic hepatitis B and even requires lifelong treatment. To reduce the costs and improve the efficacy, several trials have been recently conducted in China to optimize the current anti-HBV managements. Novel biomarkers were identified to predict treatment outcomes, and new promising treatment strategies were developed. Reports also indicate that coinfections of HBV with other hepatotropic viruses and human immunodeficiency virus are common in China and cause severe liver diseases, which should be recognized early and treated properly. Work is still needed to eliminate hepatitis B in China by 2030.

Keywords: HBV     CHB     biomarker     functional cure     coinfection    

Latest advances in ionic liquids promoted synthesis and application of advanced biomass materials

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2023, Volume 17, Issue 7,   Pages 798-816 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2316-x

Abstract: The utilization of sustainable resources provides a path to relieving the problem of dependence on fossil resources. In this context, biomass materials have become a feasible substitute for petroleum-based materials. The development of biomass materials is booming and advanced biomass materials with various functional properties are used in many fields including medicine, electrochemistry, and environmental science. In recent years, ionic liquids have been widely used in biomass pretreatments and processing owing to their “green” characteristics and adjustable physicochemical properties. Thus, the effects of ionic liquids in biomass materials generation require further study. This review summarizes the multiple roles of ionic liquids in promoting the synthesis and application of advanced biomass materials as solvents, structural components, and modifiers. Finally, a prospective approach is proposed for producing additional higher-quality possibilities between ionic liquids and advanced biomass materials.

Keywords: biomass materials     functional materials     ionic liquids     synthesis     structure-property relationship    

Recent advances of small-molecule fluorescent probes for detecting biological hydrogen sulfide

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 1,   Pages 34-63 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2050-1

Abstract: H2S is well-known as a colorless, acidic gas, with a notoriously rotten-egg smell. It was recently revealed that H2S is also an endogenous signaling molecule that has important biological functions, however, most of its physiology and pathology remains elusive. Therefore, the enthusiasm for H2S research remains. Fluorescence imaging technology is an important tool for H2S biology research. The development of fluorescence imaging technology has realized the study of H2S in subcellular organelles, facilitated by the development of fluorescent probes. The probes reviewed in this paper were categorized according to their chemical mechanism of sensing and were divided into three groups: H2S reducibility-based probes, H2S nucleophilicity-based probes, and metal sulfide precipitation-based probes. The structure of the probes, their sensing mechanism, and imaging results have been discussed in detail. Moreover, we also introduced some probes for hydrogen polysulfides.

Keywords: hydrogen sulfide     fluorescent probe     reducibility     nucleophilicity     copper sulfide precipitate     hydrogen polysulfides    

Recent advances in cycloaddition of CO with epoxides: halogen-free catalysis and mechanistic insights

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2023, Volume 17, Issue 12,   Pages 1879-1894 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2354-4

Abstract: The atom-economical cycloaddition of CO2 with epoxides to synthesize cyclic carbonates is a promising route for valuable utilization of CO2. Halogenide such as alkali metal halides and quaternary ammonium salt have been developed as the efficient catalysts. However, the spilled halogen causes equipment corrosion and affects the product purity. To address these concerns, the halogen-free cycloaddition of CO2 with epoxides has always been desired. In this review, we systematically discussed the halogen-free catalysis for cycloaddition of CO2 with epoxides from the mechanistic insights, aiming to promote the development of efficient halogen-free catalysts. Two types of catalysts, i.e., alternatives of halogen nucleophiles for epoxide activation, and bifunctional catalysts with Lewis acid-base sites for synergistic activation of CO2 and epoxides are summarized and emphasized. Specially, metal oxides as the potential halogen-free catalysts are highlighted due to their flexible acid-base sites for synergistic activation of CO2 and epoxides, facile preparation, and low cost.

Keywords: carbon dioxide     halogen-free catalysis     cyclic carbonate     mechanistic insight    

The advances of Sino-German new materials

Rongbiao Wang

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3,   Pages 327-328 doi: 10.1007/s11705-018-1748-1

Abstract:

Keywords: valign=     top     class=     J_zhaiyao    

Recent advances in special morphologic photocatalysts for NO removal

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 11, doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1573-0

Abstract:

● Systematic information of recent progress in photocatalytic NO x removal is provided.

Keywords: NOx removal     Photocatalyst     Graphene     C3N4     Bi-based compounds.    

Recent advances in geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls for highway applications

Jie HAN, Yan JIANG, Chao XU

Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering 2018, Volume 12, Issue 2,   Pages 239-247 doi: 10.1007/s11709-017-0424-8

Abstract: In recent years, advances have been made in construction and design of GRR walls for highway applications

Keywords: bridge     geosynthetic     highway     reinforced     wall    

Title Author Date Type Operation

Special issue: Advances and prospect of engineering management

Lieyun DING, Heng LI

Journal Article

Recent advances in systemic lupus erythematosus and microbiota: from bench to bedside

Journal Article

An overview and recent advances in electrocatalysts for direct seawater splitting

Journal Article

Recent advances in the electrochemical oxidation water treatment: Spotlight on byproduct control

Yang Yang

Journal Article

Emerging immunological strategies: recent advances and future directions

Journal Article

Recent advances in antimony removal using carbon-based nanomaterials: A review

Journal Article

Recent advances of hydrogen production through particulate semiconductor photocatalytic overall water

Journal Article

Recent advances in cathode electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells

Junliang ZHANG

Journal Article

Current advances in the elimination of hepatitis B in China by 2030

Shuye Zhang, Fusheng Wang, Zheng Zhang

Journal Article

Latest advances in ionic liquids promoted synthesis and application of advanced biomass materials

Journal Article

Recent advances of small-molecule fluorescent probes for detecting biological hydrogen sulfide

Journal Article

Recent advances in cycloaddition of CO with epoxides: halogen-free catalysis and mechanistic insights

Journal Article

The advances of Sino-German new materials

Rongbiao Wang

Journal Article

Recent advances in special morphologic photocatalysts for NO removal

Journal Article

Recent advances in geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls for highway applications

Jie HAN, Yan JIANG, Chao XU

Journal Article