Artificial van der Waals hybrid synapse and its application to acoustic pattern recognition

Public Time: 2020-08-07 00:00:00
Journal: Nature Communications
doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-17849-3
Author: Seunghwan Seo;Beom-Seok Kang;Je-Jun Lee;Hyo-Jun Ryu;Sungjun Kim;Hyeongjun Kim;Seyong Oh;Jaewoo Shim;Keun Heo;Saeroonter Oh;Jin-Hong Park
Summary: Brain-inspired parallel computing, which is typically performed using a hardware neural-network platform consisting of numerous artificial synapses, is a promising technology for effectively handling large amounts of informational data. However, the reported nonlinear and asymmetric conductance-update characteristics of artificial synapses prevent a hardware neural-network from delivering the same high-level training and inference accuracies as those delivered by a software neural-network. Here, we developed an artificial van-der-Waals hybrid synapse that features linear and symmetric conductance-update characteristics. Tungsten diselenide and molybdenum disulfide channels were used selectively to potentiate and depress conductance. Subsequently, via training and inference simulation, we demonstrated the feasibility of our hybrid synapse toward a hardware neural-network and also delivered high recognition rates that were comparable to those delivered using a software neural-network. This simulation involving the use of acoustic patterns was performed with a neural network that was theoretically formed with the characteristics of the hybrid synapses.
Keyword tag: