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Emerging contaminant control: From science to action

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 6, doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1559-y

Abstract: Since the concept of emerging contaminants (ECs) was first proposed in 2001, the global scientific research of ECs has developed rapidly. In the past decades, great progress has been achieved in the scientific research of ECs in China, including the establishment of EC analysis method system, the evaluation of the pollution status, pollution characteristics and environmental risk of ECs in typical regions of China, and establishment of EC control technology system. Continuous progress in scientific research of ECs promoted China’s action on EC control. It is planned that the environmental risk of ECs will be generally controlled by 2035 in China. Priority ECs should be screened for environmental management. Although great efforts have been made, the EC control in China still faces tremendous challenges. It is necessary to bridge the gap between scientific research and decision-making management. Based on the science and technology study, various measures such as engineering, policy management and public participation should be combinedly adopted for EC control.

Keywords: Emerging contaminants     Priority pollutants     PPCPs     POPs     Control policy    

Analytical solutions of three-dimensional contaminant transport in uniform flow field in porous media

Hongtao WANG, Huayong WU

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2009, Volume 3, Issue 1,   Pages 112-128 doi: 10.1007/s11783-008-0067-z

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to present a library of analytical solutions for the three-dimensional contaminantThe library is widely applicable to solve contaminant transport problems of one- or multiple- dimensions

Keywords: solution library     contaminant transport     analytical solution     dispersion and advection     porous media     type    

The Research of Air Quality and Its Control in Air-conditioning Room

Zou Shenghua,Li Qiang,Yu Meichun,Yang Jinghua

Strategic Study of CAE 2007, Volume 9, Issue 3,   Pages 82-86

Abstract: The theoretical formula about outside air, return air and the contaminant is induced.The simulation results show that controlling the outside air volume by contaminant mass fractin (CO

Keywords: indoor air quality     mass fraction of contaminant     outside air volume     control     simulation    

Total phosphorus accident pollution and emergency response study based on geographic information system in Three Gorges Reservoir area

Aifeng Zhai, Xiaowen Ding, Lin Liu, Quan Zhu, Guohe Huang

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2020, Volume 14, Issue 3, doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1223-3

Abstract: Simulation and prediction provide strong support for emergency disposal and disaster reduction.

Keywords: Sudden water pollution accident     Total phosphorus     Predictive model     Contaminant simulation     Water scheduling    

EFFICIENT CONTAMINANT REMOVAL FROM LIQUID DIGESTATE OF PIG MANURE BY CHEMICAL PRECIPITATION AND CO MINERALIZATION

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2023, Volume 10, Issue 3,   Pages 479-491 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023480

Abstract:

● LFD was treated by fly ash-based chemical precipitation and CO2 mineralization.

Keywords: anaerobic digestion     chemical oxygen demand     fly ash     ion removal     total phosphate    

Hierarchical porous metal-organic frameworks/polymer microparticles for enhanced catalytic degradation of organic contaminants

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 6,   Pages 939-949 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2152-4

Abstract: This work reports on a simple microfluidic strategy to controllably fabricate uniform polymeric microparticles containing hierarchical porous structures integrated with highly accessible catalytic metal organic frameworks for efficient degradation of organic contaminants. Monodisperse (W1/O)/W2 emulsion droplets generated from microfluidics are used as templates for the microparticle synthesis. The emulsion droplets contain tiny water microdroplets from homogenization and water nanodroplets from diffusion-induced swollen micelles as the dual pore-forming templates, and Fe-based metal-organic framework nanorods as the nanocatalysts. The obtained microparticles possess interconnected hierarchical porous structures decorated with highly accessible Fe-based metal-organic framework nanorods for enhanced degradation of organic contaminants via a heterogeneous Fenton-like reaction. Such a degradation performance is highlighted by using these microparticles for efficient degradation of rhodamine B in hydrogen peroxide solution. This work provides a simple and general strategy to flexibly combine hierarchical porous structures and catalytic metal-organic frameworks to engineer advanced microparticles for water decontamination.

Keywords: metal-organic framework     polymer microparticle     nanocatalyst     decontamination     organic contaminant    

Hazard and vulnerability evaluation of water distribution system in cases of contamination intrusion accidents

Kunlun XIN, Tao TAO, Yong WANG, Suiqing LIU

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2012, Volume 6, Issue 6,   Pages 839-848 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0409-8

Abstract: index system for hazard and vulnerability evaluations of water distribution networks, based on the simulationWith EPANET toolkit, it simulated the propagation of the contaminant, and calculated the peak concentrationof the contaminant and mass delivered at different nodes.consumers, different weights were assigned to the consumer nodes for assessing the influence of the contaminantIn conclusion, the response time, the relationships between the peak concentration of contaminant and

Keywords: water distribution network     hazard     vulnerability     contaminant accident    

Modified pretreatment method for total microbial DNA extraction from contaminated river sediment

Yun FANG,Meiying XU,Xingjuan CHEN,Guoping SUN,Jun GUO,Weimin WU,Xueduan LIU

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2015, Volume 9, Issue 3,   Pages 444-452 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0679-4

Abstract: Extraction of high-quality microbial DNA from contaminated environmental samples is an essential step in microbial ecological study. Based on previously published methods for soil and sediment samples, a modified pretreatment method was developed for extracting microbial DNA from heavily contaminated river sediment samples via selection of optimal pretreatment parameters (i.e., reagent solution, reaction duration, and temperature). The pretreatment procedure involves washing the river sediment sample for three times with a solution containing 0.1 mol·L ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), 0.1 mol·L Tris (pH 8.0), 1.5 mol·L NaCl, 0.1 mol·L NaH PO , and Na HPO at 65°C with 180 r·min for 15 min to remove humic materials and heavy metals prior to the employment of standard DNA extraction procedures. We compared the results of standard procedure DNA extraction following pretreatment, without pretreatment, and with using a commercial PowerSoil DNA Isolation Kit. The results indicated that the pretreatment significantly improved the DNA quality based on DNA yield, DNA fragment length, and determination of prokaryotic diversity. Prokaryotic diversity exhibited in the DNA with the pretreatment was also considerably higher than that extracted with the PowerSoil DNA Isolation Kit only. The pretreatment method worked well even with a small amount of sediment sample (0.25 g or even lower). The method provides a novel, simple, cost-effective tool for DNA extraction for microbial community analysis in environmental monitoring and remediation processes.

Keywords: river sediment     DNA extraction     contaminant     pretreatment     microbial community    

Development and Application of Simulation Technology

Wang Zicai

Strategic Study of CAE 2003, Volume 5, Issue 2,   Pages 40-44

Abstract:

This paper discusses the developing process of simulation technology in view of its development, maturationThen this paper introduces the application of simulation technology in the fields of national economyFinally, this paper analyzes the level and status quo of home and overseas simulation technology, and

Keywords: simulation technology     system simulation     hardware in loop simulation     distributed interactive simulation    

Remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated with organic chemicals using stabilized nanoparticles: Lessons from the past two decades

Zhengqing Cai, Xiao Zhao, Jun Duan, Dongye Zhao, Zhi Dang, Zhang Lin

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2020, Volume 14, Issue 5, doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1263-8

Abstract: Abstract ▪ Overviewed evolution and environmental applications of stabilized nanoparticles. ▪ Reviewed theories on particle stabilization for enhanced reactivity/deliverability. ▪ Examined various in situ remediation technologies based on stabilized nanoparticles. ▪ Summarized knowledge on transport of stabilized nanoparticles in porous media. ▪ Identified key knowledge gaps and future research needs on stabilized nanoparticles. Due to improved soil deliverability and high reactivity, stabilized nanoparticles have been studied for nearly two decades for in situ remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated with organic pollutants. While large amounts of bench- and field-scale experimental data have demonstrated the potential of the innovative technology, extensive research results have also unveiled various merits and constraints associated different soil characteristics, types of nanoparticles and particle stabilization techniques. Overall, this work aims to critically overview the fundamental principles on particle stabilization, and the evolution and some recent developments of stabilized nanoparticles for degradation of organic contaminants in soil and groundwater. The specific objectives are to: 1) overview fundamental mechanisms in nanoparticle stabilization; 2) summarize key applications of stabilized nanoparticles for in situ remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated by legacy and emerging organic chemicals; 3) update the latest knowledge on the transport and fate of stabilized nanoparticles; 4) examine the merits and constraints of stabilized nanoparticles in environmental remediation applications; and 5) identify the knowledge gaps and future research needs pertaining to stabilized nanoparticles for remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater. Per instructions of this invited special issue, this review is focused on contributions from our group (one of the pioneers in the subject field), which, however, is supplemented by important relevant works by others. The knowledge gained is expected to further advance the science and technology in the environmental applications of stabilized nanoparticles.

Keywords: Stabilized nanoparticle     In-situ remediation     Organic contaminant     Soil remediation     Groundwater     Fate    

Numerical simulation of benzene transport in shoreline groundwater affected by tides under different

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 5, doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1540-9

Abstract:

● An approach for assessing the transport of benzene on the beach was proposed.

Keywords: Numerical simulation     Benzene     Transport and fate     Shoreline     Groundwater     Tide    

Numerical simulation of micro scale flowing and boiling

Wen WANG, Rui ZHUAN,

Frontiers in Energy 2009, Volume 3, Issue 4,   Pages 396-401 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0049-2

Abstract: Numerical simulations of flowing and boiling in micro channels are presented, including the modeling of bubble dynamics of nucleate boiling, and a description of the interface of two phases with the volume-of-fluid (VOF). The two calculated cases are compared with related experimental data in literature. Some simulated results are found corresponding well to the experimental data. The simulated results also show the details of 3-dimensional heat transfer and the flow in micro channels, which are helpful to the investigation of the mechanism of two-phase heat transfer and flow in micro channels.

Keywords: volume-of-fluid (VOF)     micro channel     nucleate boiling     bubble dynamics     simulation    

CFD simulation on membrane distillation of NaCl solution

Zhaoguang XU, Yanqiu PAN, Yalan YU

Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering 2009, Volume 3, Issue 3,   Pages 293-297 doi: 10.1007/s11705-009-0204-7

Abstract: A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation that coupled an established heat and mass transfer model

Keywords: membrane distillation     computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation     temperature polarization     carbon membrane    

Numerical simulation of multi-body floating piers to investigate pontoon stability

Mostafa Shahrabi, Khosrow Bargi

Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering 2013, Volume 7, Issue 3,   Pages 325-331 doi: 10.1007/s11709-013-0209-7

Abstract: For numerical simulation, three types of piers are used: passenger piers, light-cargo piers and semi-heavy-cargo

Keywords: coastal structures     numerical simulation     floating pier     rigid pontoons     stability    

Dynamic simulation based optimized design method of concrete production system for RCC dam

ZHAO Chunju, ZHOU Yihong

Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering 2007, Volume 1, Issue 4,   Pages 405-410 doi: 10.1007/s11709-007-0055-6

Abstract: Therefore, a dynamic simulation mode

Keywords: interacted     dynamic simulation     construction     resource     RCC    

Title Author Date Type Operation

Emerging contaminant control: From science to action

Journal Article

Analytical solutions of three-dimensional contaminant transport in uniform flow field in porous media

Hongtao WANG, Huayong WU

Journal Article

The Research of Air Quality and Its Control in Air-conditioning Room

Zou Shenghua,Li Qiang,Yu Meichun,Yang Jinghua

Journal Article

Total phosphorus accident pollution and emergency response study based on geographic information system in Three Gorges Reservoir area

Aifeng Zhai, Xiaowen Ding, Lin Liu, Quan Zhu, Guohe Huang

Journal Article

EFFICIENT CONTAMINANT REMOVAL FROM LIQUID DIGESTATE OF PIG MANURE BY CHEMICAL PRECIPITATION AND CO MINERALIZATION

Journal Article

Hierarchical porous metal-organic frameworks/polymer microparticles for enhanced catalytic degradation of organic contaminants

Journal Article

Hazard and vulnerability evaluation of water distribution system in cases of contamination intrusion accidents

Kunlun XIN, Tao TAO, Yong WANG, Suiqing LIU

Journal Article

Modified pretreatment method for total microbial DNA extraction from contaminated river sediment

Yun FANG,Meiying XU,Xingjuan CHEN,Guoping SUN,Jun GUO,Weimin WU,Xueduan LIU

Journal Article

Development and Application of Simulation Technology

Wang Zicai

Journal Article

Remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated with organic chemicals using stabilized nanoparticles: Lessons from the past two decades

Zhengqing Cai, Xiao Zhao, Jun Duan, Dongye Zhao, Zhi Dang, Zhang Lin

Journal Article

Numerical simulation of benzene transport in shoreline groundwater affected by tides under different

Journal Article

Numerical simulation of micro scale flowing and boiling

Wen WANG, Rui ZHUAN,

Journal Article

CFD simulation on membrane distillation of NaCl solution

Zhaoguang XU, Yanqiu PAN, Yalan YU

Journal Article

Numerical simulation of multi-body floating piers to investigate pontoon stability

Mostafa Shahrabi, Khosrow Bargi

Journal Article

Dynamic simulation based optimized design method of concrete production system for RCC dam

ZHAO Chunju, ZHOU Yihong

Journal Article