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Frontiers of Medicine >> 2013, Volume 7, Issue 3 doi: 10.1007/s11684-013-0271-5

Application of endoscopic techniques in orbital blowout fractures

Department of Ophthalmology, the Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China; Institute of Eye & Vision Science, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200011, China

Available online: 2013-09-05

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Minimally invasive surgical techniques, particularly endoscopic techniques, have revolutionized otolaryngeal surgery. Endoscopic techniques have been gradually applied in orbital surgery through the sinus inferomedial to the orbit and the orbital subperiosteal space. Endoscopic techniques help surgeons observe fractures and soft tissue of the posterior orbit to precisely place implants and protect vital structures through accurate, safe, and minimally invasive approaches. We reviewed the development of endoscopic techniques, the composition of endoscopic systems for orbital surgery, and the problems and developmental prospects of endoscopic techniques for simple orbital wall fracture repair.

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