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Energy transition management towards a low-carbon world

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第3期   页码 499-503 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0201-9

关键词: energy transition     low-carbon technology     system modeling     transition path     emission reduction    

Low-carbon technology calls for comprehensive electricity-market redesign

Yang YU

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第1期   页码 128-130 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0020-9

摘要:

The energy transition also calls for electricity- market redesign. Low-carbon technologies will fundamentally reshape the electricity sector. The electricity generation and demand will be significantly unpredictable and uncontrollable thus require for a more sophisticated system operation to guarantee the grid stability and reliability. The higher difficulty induced by the green-technology penetration expose the electricity-market to a higher market-failure risk. Thus, the future low-carbon electricity-market and associated regulation scheme require a comprehensive new design.

关键词: low-carbon technology     electricity-system operation     market design    

Innovation practice in engineering management of the Shenzhen International Low-Carbon City

Yimin LIU, Longbin HE, Xuan LI, Qin ZHENG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第2期   页码 302-307 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0031-6

摘要: Shanghai Baoye Group Engineering Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Longgang Construction and Works Bureau Shenzhen Institute of Building Research Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Yinjian’an Engineering Project Management Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Jiuyi Green Operation Management Co. Ltd.

关键词: low-carbon city     low-carbon design     city-industry integration     low-carbon development     low-carbon management    

Transition to a low-carbon city: lessons learned from Suzhou in China

Wenling LIU, Can WANG, Xi XIE, Arthur P. J. MOL, Jining CHEN

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 373-386 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0338-y

摘要: Climate change has become one of the most serious challenges facing humanity; developing a low-carbon economy provides new opportunities for addressing this issue. Building a low-carbon city has been pursued by people with a high degree of enthusiasm in China. Different from actions at the national level and distinct from practices of developed countries, low-carbon development in Chinese cities should be placed on diverse concerns. Taking Suzhou of Jiangsu Province of China as a case city, this paper adopts a scenario analysis approach to explore strategic focal points in the transition to a low-carbon city. Within this transition, we mainly focus on the different contributions from two factors–economic restructuring and technological upgrading. Scenario analysis results show that 1) in the case of no breakthrough technologies, it is difficult to achieve absolute emission reductions; 2) technologies involved in optimizing energy structure and improving energy efficiency of basic service sectors should be highly emphasized in local planning; 3) in comparison with technological upgrading, economic structural adjustment could be a stronger contributor to mitigation, which is one of the main differences from developed countries. However, the key issue of economic restructuring is to promote the growth of emerging low-carbon industries, which requires not only a strategic choice of new industries but also an introduction of advanced low-carbon technologies. It is also found that establishing a local carbon emissions accounting system is a prerequisite and the first priority for realizing a low-carbon transition and government capacity buildings should be strengthened accordingly.

关键词: low-carbon city     economic restructuring     technology upgrading    

Practice and understanding of developing new technologies and equipment for green and low-carbon production

He LIU, Jianwen YAN, Siwei MENG, Qinghai YANG, Zixiu YAO, Shijia ZHU

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第4期   页码 517-523 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0061-0

摘要: The core of China’s low-carbon development includes optimization of industrial structure, clean energy technologies, emission reduction technologies, and innovation of relevant systems and institutions. China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) has always been a proactive participant in developing low-carbon economy, shouldering the responsibilities of safeguarding oil and gas supply, conserving energy, and reducing emission. Therefore, CNPC fulfills those responsibilities as a substantial part of its overall strategy. Guided by low carbon and driven by innovation, petroleum corporations have taken constant innovation of low-carbon technologies, especially the development of green and low-carbon petroleum engineering technologies and equipment, as major measures for energy conservation and emission reduction. Large-scale development mode of unconventional resource anhydrous fracturing should be innovated. And supercritical CO should be used to replace water for fracturing operation, in order to achieve multiple objectives of CO burying, conserve water resource, improve single well production and ultimate recovery, realizing reduced emission and efficient utilization of CO resources. Artificial lifting energy-saving and efficiency-increasing technologies and injection-production technology in the same well should also be innovated. Energy consumption of high water-cut wells is reduced to support the new low-carbon operation mode of high water-cut oilfields and realize energy saving and efficiency improvement during oil production by developing the operation efficiency of the lifting system and reducing the ineffective lifting of formation water. These technologies have been widely recognized by local and international experts and have greatly enhanced CNPC’s international influence. This study expounds the key technologies and equipment with regard to the development of green and low-carbon petroleum engineering and provide relevant suggestions.

关键词: low carbon     energy conservation and emission reduction     petroleum engineering technology     petroleum equipment    

Trends and driving forces of low-carbon energy technology innovation in China’s industrial sectors from

Xi ZHANG, Yong GENG, Yen Wah TONG, Harn Wei KUA, Huijuan DONG, Hengyu PAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第2期   页码 473-486 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0738-z

摘要: Low-carbon energy technology (LC) innovation contributes to both environmental protection and economic development. Using the panel data of 30 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities in China from 1998 to 2017, this paper constructs a two-layer logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) model to uncover the factors influencing the variation of the innovation of LC in China’s industrial sectors, including the alternative energy production technology (AEPT) and the energy conversation technology (ECT). The results show that China’s industrial LC patent applications rapidly increased after 2005 and AEPT patent applications outweighed ECT patent applications all the time with a gradually narrowing gap. Low-carbon degree played the dominant role in promoting the increase in China’s industrial LC patent applications, followed by the economic scale, R&D (research and development) efficiency, and R&D share. Economic structure contributed to the increases in LC patent applications in the central and the western regions, while led to the decreases in the eastern region, the north-eastern region, and Chinese mainland . Low-carbon degree and economic scale were two main contributors to the growths of both industrial AEPT patent applications and ECT patent applications in Chinese mainland and the four regions. Several policy recommendations are made to further promote industrial innovation in China.

关键词: low-carbon energy technology (LC)     logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI)     industrial sector     regional disparity     China    

Special issue: Low-carbon management

Wenrui HU, An WANG, Yi-Ming WEI

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第1期   页码 1-4 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0021-8

摘要:

Exploring the coupling relationship of industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy considering spatiotemporal

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 285-299 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0197-1

摘要: Although China’s construction machinery thrives to meet the needs of construction, a number of challenges still remain to be overcome, such as lack of thorough knowledge of regional disparities and several limitations in terms of carbon emissions and economic development. Meanwhile, a low-carbon economy was proposed and implemented in China. This research aims to investigate the differences in industrial agglomeration of construction machineries and further explore the relationship between industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy. On this basis, spatiotemporal analysis was performed to evaluate the levels of industrial agglomeration in different regions based on the situations of China’s construction machinery industry. Furthermore, this study explored the interaction between industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy utilizing the coupling coordination analysis method. Results showed that the coupling coordination of the two subsystems was extremely unbalanced in 2006, and it maintained an increasing trend, reaching a relatively high level in 2018. Finally, suggestions, such as establishing a policy guarantee system and implementing variable policies in different regions, were proposed to provide guidelines for the government decision-making and promote the sustainable development of China’s construction machinery industry.

关键词: spatiotemporal differentiation     industrial agglomeration     low-carbon economy     construction machinery industry     empirical study    

Insights into carbon-based materials for catalytic dehydrogenation of low-carbon alkanes and ethylbenzene

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期   页码 1623-1648 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2328-6

摘要: Direct dehydrogenation with high selectivity and oxidative dehydrogenation with low thermal limit has been regarded as promising methods to solve the increasing demands of light olefins and styrene. Metal-based catalysts have shown remarkable performance for these reactions, such as Pt, CrOx, Co, ZrOx, Zn and V. Compared with metal-based catalysts, carbon materials with stable structure, rich pore texture and large surface area, are ideal platforms as the catalysts and the supports for dehydrogenation reactions. In this review, carbon materials applied in direct dehydrogenation and oxidative dehydrogenation reactions including ordered mesoporous carbon, carbon nanodiamond, carbon nanotubes, graphene and activated carbon, are summarized. A general introduction to the dehydrogenation mechanism and active sites of carbon catalysts is briefly presented to provide a deep understanding of the carbon-based materials used in dehydrogenation reactions. The unique structure of each carbon material is presented, and the diversified synthesis methods of carbon catalysts are clarified. The approaches for promoting the catalytic activity of carbon catalysts are elaborated with respect to preparation method optimization, suitable structure design and heteroatom doping. The regeneration mechanism of carbon-based catalysts is discussed for providing guidance on catalytic performance enhancement. In addition, carbon materials as the support of metal-based catalysts contribute to exploiting the excellent catalytic performance of catalysts due to superior structural characteristics. In the end, the challenges in current research and strategies for future improvements are proposed.

关键词: carbon materials     dehydrogenation     active sites     mechanism     catalytic performance     support    

Policy entry points for facilitating a transition towards a low-carbon electricity future

《工程管理前沿(英文)》   页码 462-472 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0214-4

摘要: This study extends the ambit of the debate on electricity transition by specifically identifying possible policy entry points through which transformative and enduring changes can be made in the electricity and socio–economic systems to facilitate the transition process. Guided by the “essence” of the multi-level perspective — a prominent framework for the study of energy transition, four such entry points have been identified: 1) destabilising the dominant, fossil fuel-based electricity regime to create room for renewable technologies to break through; 2) reconfiguring the electricity regime, which encompasses technology, short-term operational practices and long-term planning processes, to improve flexibility for accommodating large outputs from variable renewable sources whilst maintaining supply security; 3) addressing the impact of coal power phase-out on coal mining regions in terms of economic development and jobs; and 4) facilitating a shift in transition governance towards a learning-based, reflexive process. Specific areas for policy interventions within each of these entry points have also been discussed in the paper.

关键词: electricity transition     multi-level perspective     policy entry points    

STRATEGIES FOR A LOW-CARBON FOOD SYSTEM IN CHINA

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 167-182 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2023494

摘要:

● A provincial stage-specific greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting model for the Chinese food system was developed.

关键词: greenhouse gas emissions     food system     life cycle assessment     environmental input-output analysis     mitigation strategies    

Case-based reasoning for selection of the best practices in low-carbon city development

Zhenhua HUANG, Hongqin FAN, Liyin SHEN

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第3期   页码 416-432 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0036-1

摘要: Cities emit extensive carbon emissions, which are considered a major contributor to the severe issue of climate change. Various low-carbon development programs have been initiated at the city level worldwide to address this problem. These practices are invaluable in promoting the development of low-carbon cities. Therefore, an effective approach should be developed to help decision makers select the best practices from previous experience on the basis of the impact features of carbon emission and city context features. This study introduces a case-based reasoning methodology for a specific city to select the best practices as references for low-carbon city development. The proposed methodology consists of three main components, namely, case representation, case retrieval, and case adaption and retention. For city representation, this study selects city context features and the impact features of carbon emission to characterize and represent a city. The proposed methodology is demonstrated by applying it to the selection of the best practices for low-carbon development of Chengdu City in Sichuan Province, China.

关键词: low-carbon city     carbon emission     best practices     case-based reasoning    

Individual environmental behavior: A key role in building low-carbon communities in China

Ping JIANG, Hongjia DONG, Yun ZHU, Adila ALIMUJIANG, Zhenhua ZHANG, Weichun MA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第3期   页码 456-465 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0566-y

摘要:

People’s social behavior, especially environmental behavior, has a great impact on energy consumption and carbon emission. This paper explores both categories of individual factors (e.g., values, habits, education, motivation, etc.) and social factors (e.g., institution, infrastructure, encouragement, etc.), to clarify the correlation between them and their sub-factors. Low-carbon campus is a representative type of low-carbon community which is less difficult to build than other communities because university students are well-educated and, to some extent, are more environmental aware and more willing to change their behaviors. The energy-saving and environment-friendly policies implemented on campus are collected and overviewed in this paper. Additionally, the leaders and employees from the related administration departments are interviewed, and the data of electricity amount and water usage are analyzed and a well-designed questionnaire is handed out in a survey. The survey investigates the environmental knowledge, energy use habits, attitude toward low-carbon transformation, comments on the current institution and so on. The results show that different groups of students have varied levels of environmental knowledge, energy use habits, and attitude toward low-carbon campus management. To improve energy conservation and cut carbon emission radically, advices on building low-carbon community are also proposed including professional curriculums of environmental protection, economic initiatives, effect management, good communications, and sound infrastructures and facilities.

关键词: behavior change     energy saving     low-carbon community     campus of Fudan University     China    

面向低碳未来的化学链清洁能源技术

程卓, Anuj Joshi, 范良士

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第29卷 第10期   页码 42-44 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2023.08.008

重大耗能设备低碳运行智能控制方法 Article

柴天佑, 李明宇, 周正, 程思宇, 贾瑶, 吴志伟

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第27卷 第8期   页码 84-95 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2023.05.018

摘要:

本文在分析重大耗能设备运行专家的运行控制行为的基础上,将机理分析与深度学习,控制与优化和预测相结合,决策与控制相集成,提出了使单吨能耗在目标范围内尽可能小的低碳运行智能控制方法。该方法由设定值控制、自优化校正、跟踪控制组成。采用工业互联网端边云协同技术,研制了低碳运行的智能控制系统,成功应用于电熔镁炉,取得减少碳排放的显著效果。

关键词: 重大耗能设备     低碳运行     智能控制     端边云协同技术    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Energy transition management towards a low-carbon world

期刊论文

Low-carbon technology calls for comprehensive electricity-market redesign

Yang YU

期刊论文

Innovation practice in engineering management of the Shenzhen International Low-Carbon City

Yimin LIU, Longbin HE, Xuan LI, Qin ZHENG

期刊论文

Transition to a low-carbon city: lessons learned from Suzhou in China

Wenling LIU, Can WANG, Xi XIE, Arthur P. J. MOL, Jining CHEN

期刊论文

Practice and understanding of developing new technologies and equipment for green and low-carbon production

He LIU, Jianwen YAN, Siwei MENG, Qinghai YANG, Zixiu YAO, Shijia ZHU

期刊论文

Trends and driving forces of low-carbon energy technology innovation in China’s industrial sectors from

Xi ZHANG, Yong GENG, Yen Wah TONG, Harn Wei KUA, Huijuan DONG, Hengyu PAN

期刊论文

Special issue: Low-carbon management

Wenrui HU, An WANG, Yi-Ming WEI

期刊论文

Exploring the coupling relationship of industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy considering spatiotemporal

期刊论文

Insights into carbon-based materials for catalytic dehydrogenation of low-carbon alkanes and ethylbenzene

期刊论文

Policy entry points for facilitating a transition towards a low-carbon electricity future

期刊论文

STRATEGIES FOR A LOW-CARBON FOOD SYSTEM IN CHINA

期刊论文

Case-based reasoning for selection of the best practices in low-carbon city development

Zhenhua HUANG, Hongqin FAN, Liyin SHEN

期刊论文

Individual environmental behavior: A key role in building low-carbon communities in China

Ping JIANG, Hongjia DONG, Yun ZHU, Adila ALIMUJIANG, Zhenhua ZHANG, Weichun MA

期刊论文

面向低碳未来的化学链清洁能源技术

程卓, Anuj Joshi, 范良士

期刊论文

重大耗能设备低碳运行智能控制方法

柴天佑, 李明宇, 周正, 程思宇, 贾瑶, 吴志伟

期刊论文