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Frontiers of Medicine >> 2014, Volume 8, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11684-014-0336-0

Transcriptomics and proteomics in stem cell research

CAS Key Laboratory of Genome Sciences and Information, Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Available online: 2014-12-18

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Stem cells are capable of self-renewal and differentiation, and the processes regulating these events are among the most comprehensively investigated topics in life sciences. In particular, the molecular mechanisms of the self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation of stem cells have been extensively examined. Multi-omics integrative analysis, such as transcriptomics combined with proteomics, is one of the most promising approaches to the systemic investigation of stem cell biology. We reviewed the available information on stem cells by examining published results using transcriptomic and proteomic characterization of the different stem cell processes. Comprehensive understanding of these important processes can only be achieved using a systemic methodology, and employing such method will strengthen the study on stem cell biology and promote the clinical applications of stem cells.

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