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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering >> 2013, Volume 7, Issue 3 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0517-0

Investigation of fluorescence characterization and electrochemical behavior on the catalysts of nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al

1. Department of Vehicle Engineering, Yung-Ta Institute of Technology and Commerce, Pingtung 909, China; 2. Department of Environmental Science and Occupational Safety and Hygiene, Tajen University, Pingtung 907, China

Available online: 2013-06-01

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This work describes the environmentally friendly technology for oxidation of ammonia (NH ) to form nitrogen at temperatures range from 423K to 673K by selective catalytic oxidation (SCO) over a nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method of hexachloroplatinic acid (H PtCl ) and rhodium (III) nitrate (Rh(NO ) ) with γ-Al O in a tubular fixed-bed flow quartz reactor (TFBR). The characterization of catalysts were thoroughly measured using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), three-dimensional excitation-emission fluorescent matrix (EEFM) spectroscopy, UV-Vis absorption, dynamic light-scattering (DLS), zeta potential meter, and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results demonstrated that at a temperature of 673K and an oxygen content of 4%, approximately 99% of the NH was removed by catalytic oxidation over the nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst. N was the main product in NH -SCO process. Further, it reveals that the oxidation of NH was proceeds by the over-oxidation of NH into NO, which was conversely reacted with the NH to yield N . Therefore, the application of nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst can significantly enhance the catalytic activity toward NH oxidation. One fluorescent peak for fresh catalyst was different with that of exhausted catalyst. It indicates that EEFM spectroscopy was proven to be an appropriate and effective method to characterize the Pt clusters in intrinsic emission from nanosized Pt-Rh/γ-Al O catalyst. Results obtained from the CV may explain the significant catalytic activity of the catalysts.

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