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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering >> 2019, Volume 13, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1147-y

Membrane-based treatment of shale oil and gas wastewater: The current state of knowledge

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA

Available online: 2019-07-01

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• Shale oil and gas production generates wastewater with complex composition.

• Membrane technologies emerged for the treatment of shale oil and gas wastewater.

• Membrane technologies should tolerate high TDS and consume low primary energy.

• Pretreatment is a key component of integrated wastewater treatment systems.

• Full-scale implementation of membrane technologies is highly desirable.

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