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Strategic Study of CAE >> 2022, Volume 24, Issue 2 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2022.02.016

Demand Characteristics and Training Trend of Engineering Science and Technology Personnel Based on Education for Sustainable Development

1. Center for Higher Education Research, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China; 

2. Institute of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Funding project:Chinese Academy of Engineering project “Strategic Research on the Demand and Training Model of Engineering Science and Technology Talents for Sustainable Development”(2020-XZ-29) Received: 2021-08-12 Revised: 2021-10-14 Available online: 2022-03-16

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From the Agenda for the 21st Century to the Education 2030 Framework for Action, the international community continues to promote education for sustainable development (ESD) and to integrate, reshape, and innovate the existing education systems. The concept of ESD has been leading the reform of international engineering education since the 21st century and is increasingly becoming an important strategic choice to improve the quality of engineering education. In the study, we first explore the historical evolution of ESD and analyze the demand characteristics of engineering science and technology personnel supporting ESD toward 2030; theanalysis is conducted from the following aspects: new requirements of training objectives and key abilities based on ESD, analysis of the International Engineering Alliance Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies framework, and China’s engineering education reform practice. Based on the concept of ESD, we summarize the challenges existing in the training of engineering scientific and technological personnel in China, specifically regarding training orientation, training process design, and student assessment and evaluation. The research shows that China's action for promoting ESD for 2030 should strengthen top-level design to exert policy synergy, promote international cooperation to integrate global high-quality resources, optimize professional layout to maximize the advantages of professional clusters, improve curriculum teaching for training excellent engineering personnel, and strengthen accreditation while improving the quality standards system, thereby promoting the continuous improvement of the quality of engineering science and technology personnel that meet the sustainable development goals. 


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