资源类型

期刊论文 95

会议视频 1

年份

2024 1

2023 15

2022 17

2021 14

2020 8

2019 6

2018 8

2017 4

2016 1

2015 2

2014 2

2013 2

2012 2

2010 2

2009 1

2008 1

2007 4

2006 1

2005 3

2004 1

展开 ︾

关键词

三相界面 2

双极板 2

燃料电池 2

电极 2

2035 1

4比特可重构天线阵列 1

60 GHz;天线阵列;线极化;圆极化;毫米波 1

CO2利用 1

Halbach阵列 1

MIMO阵列;5G手机;去耦方法 1

PIN二极管 1

SNP基因分型芯片 1

SNP芯片 1

一维(1D) 1

二维波达角估计;信道冲击响应估计;信号检测;均匀矩形阵列;大规模天线 1

互耦;多输入多输出;天线阵列;超表面;去耦 1

低剖面 1

低副瓣 1

信息超表面 1

展开 ︾

检索范围:

排序: 展示方式:

Engineering the grain boundary: a promising strategy to configure NiCoPO/NiCoP nanowire arrays for ultra-stable supercapacitor

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第8期   页码 1259-1267 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2132-0

摘要: NiCoP4O12/NiCoP nanorod-like arrays with tunable grain boundary density and pores were synthesized by the processes composed of hydrothermal and pyrolysis, in which, the electron structure of Ni and Co atoms characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was contemporaneous inverse manipulated. The optimized NiCoP4O12/NiCoP arrays have a high specific capacitance of 507.8 μAh∙cm–2 at 1 mA∙cm–2, and good rate ability of 64.7% retention at 30-folds increased current density. Importantly, an ultra-stable ability, 88.5% of retention after 10000 cycles, was achieved in an asymmetric cell assembled of the NiCoP4O12/NiCoP arrays with activated carbon. In addition, the energy and power densities of an asymmetric cell were higher than those of other work, demonstrating as-prepared NiCoP4O12/NiCoP arrays are promising electrodes for supercapacitors.

关键词: NiCo     array electrode     grain boundary     stability     supercapacitor    

Application of electrode materials and catalysts in electrocatalytic treatment of dye wastewater

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第6期   页码 1427-1443 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2108-0

摘要: The dye industry produces a large amount of hazardous wastewater every day worldwide, which brings potential threaten to the global environment. As an excellent method for removal of water chroma and chemical oxygen demand, electrocatalytic methods are currently widely used in the treatment of dye wastewater. The selection and preparation of electrode materials and electrocatalysts play an important role on the electrocatalytic treatment. The aim of this paper is to introduce the most excellent high-efficiency electrode materials and electrocatalysts in the field of dye wastewater treatment. Many electrode materials such as metal electrode materials, boron-doped diamond anode materials and three-dimensional electrode are introduced in detail. Besides, the mechanism of electrocatalytic oxidation is summarized. The composite treatment of active electrode and electrocatalyst are extensively examined. Finally, the progress of photo-assisted electrocatalytic methods of dye wastewater and the catalysts are described.

关键词: electrocatalytic oxidation     electrode     electrocatalysis     dye wastewater    

Quality control based on electrode displacement and force in resistance spot welding

Chuntao JI, Lipeng DENG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2010年 第5卷 第4期   页码 412-417 doi: 10.1007/s11465-010-0114-x

摘要: The behaviors of electrode displacement and force during spot welding under various conditions, such as different weld currents, electrode forces, and welding times, were studied. Tests were conducted on a 170?kVA MFDC spot welder. Data were collected via a multichannel high-speed data acquisition system and were analyzed with MATLAB. Behaviors of 5182 aluminum and mild steel in spot welding were compared. Results show that nugget expansion rate does not reach zero for aluminium as it does for mild steel as nugget grew to a certain size. A linear relationship is found between the nugget size and maximum expansion that facilitates online weld quality evaluation. An electrode force peak is observed and believed relevant to the sufficient nugget size.

关键词: aluminum     electrode displacement     electrode force     nugget size     data acquisition    

A novel flow electrode capacitive deionization device with spindle-shaped desalting chamber

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第18卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-024-1800-y

摘要:

● A spindle-shaped influent chamber was designed and equipped in FCDI system.

关键词: Spindle-shaped chamber     Desalination performance     Flow electrode capacitive deionization    

A comprehensive assessment on the durability of gas diffusion electrode materials in PEM fuel cell stack

Arunkumar JAYAKUMAR

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 325-338 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0618-y

摘要: Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell is the most promising among the various types of fuel cells. Though it has found its applications in numerous fields, the cost and durability are key barriers impeding the commercialization of PEM fuel cell stack. The crucial and expensive component involved in it is the gas diffusion electrode (GDE) and its degradation, which limits the performance and life of the fuel cell stack. A critical analysis and comprehensive understanding of the structural and functional properties of various materials involved in the GDE can help us to address the related durability and cost issues. This paper reviews the key GDE components, and in specific, the root causes influencing the durability. It also envisages the role of novel materials and provides a critical recommendation to improve the GDE durability.

关键词: PEM fuel cell     gas diffusion electrode(GDE)     gas diffusion layer(GDL)     membrane electrode assembly     durability     fuel cell catalyst    

Fabricating sustainable lignin-derived porous carbon as electrode for high-performance supercapacitors

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第8期   页码 1065-1074 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2313-0

摘要: Lignocellulosic biomass such as plants and agricultural waste are ideal to tackle the current energy crisis and energy-related environmental issues. Carbon-rich lignin is abundant in lignocellulosic biomass, whose high-value transformation and utilization has been the most urgent problem to be solved. Herein, we propose a method for the preparation of porous carbon from lignin employing an H3PO4-assisted hydrothermal method. We characterize the as-prepared lignin-derived porous carbon and investigate its potential for energy storage. After assisted hydrothermal treatment followed by carbonization at 800 °C, the lignin-derived porous carbon displays a high specific capacitance (223.6 F·g–1 at 0.1 A·g–1) and excellent cycling ability with good capacitance retention. In this present study, the resultant lignin-derived porous carbon was used as the electrode of a supercapacitor, illustrating yet another potential high-value use for lignin, namely as a candidate for the sustainable fabrication of main supercapacitor components.

关键词: lignin     porous carbon     electrode     supercapacitor    

Gain-enhanced reconfigurable radiation array with mechanically driven system and directive elements

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第17卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0716-0

摘要: In the artificial intelligence-driven modern wireless communication system, antennas are required to be reconfigurable in terms of size according to changing application scenarios. However, conventional antennas with constant phase distributions cannot achieve enhanced gains in different reconfigurable sizes. In this paper, we propose a mechanically reconfigurable radiation array (RRA) based on miniaturized elements and a mechanically reconfigurable system to obtain gain-enhanced antennas in compact and deployed states. A five-element RRA with a phase-reconfigurable center element is designed and analyzed theoretically. The experimental sample has been fabricated, driven by a deployable frame with only one degree of freedom to realize the size and phase distribution reconfiguration simultaneously to validate the enhanced gains of RRA. The proposed RRA can be tessellated into larger arrays to achieve higher gains in other frequency regimes, such as terahertz or photonics applications with nanometer fabrication technology.

关键词: mechanism     reconfigurable radiation array (RRA)     compact state     deployed state     enhanced gain    

Characterization of electrode fouling during electrochemical oxidation of phenolic pollutant

Xuefeng Liu, Shijie You, Fang Ma, Hao Zhou

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1345-7

摘要: Abstract • Electrode fouling is characterized by non-destructive characterization. • Electrode fouling is highly dependent on electrochemical process. • Active chlorine can prevent the formation of polymeric fouling film. Electrode fouling is a problem that commonly occurs during electro-oxidation water purification. This study focused on identifying the fouling behavior of Pt electrode associated with the formation of polymeric layer during electro-oxidation of phenol. The in situ electrochemical measurements and non-destructive observation of the electrode morphology were reported. The results demonstrated that the electrode fouling was highly dependent on thermodynamic process of electrode that was controlled by anode potential. At anode potential lower than 1.0 V vs SHE, the direct electro-oxidation caused the electrode fouling by the formation of polymeric film. The fouling layer decreased the electrochemically active surface area from 8.38 cm2 to 1.57 cm2, indicated by the formation of polymeric film with thickness of 2.3 mm, increase in mass growing at a rate of 3.26 μg/cm2/min. The degree to which the anode was fouled was independent of anion in the electrolyte. In comparison, at anode potential higher than 2.7 V vs SHE, the anions (e.g., chloride) could exert a major influence to the behavior of electrode fouling. The presence of chloride was shown to mitigate the fouling of electrode significantly through preventing the formation of polymeric film by active chlorine (e.g., Cl• and Cl2) produced from anodic oxidation of chloride. Since chloride is the most abundant anionic species existing in both natural and engineered water system, this study not only offers a deep insight into the mechanism of electrode fouling, but also suggests strategies for anti-fouling in the presence of chloride in electro-oxidation process.

关键词: Electro-oxidation     Electrode fouling     Polymeric film     Chloride ions    

Electroreduction of hexavalent chromium using a porous titanium flow-through electrode and intelligent

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第8期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1697-x

摘要:

● Titanium-based flow-through electrode achieved high Cr(VI) reduction efficiency.

关键词: Flow-through electrode     Hexavalent chromium     Heavy metals     Neural network     Artificial intelligence    

Latest development of double perovskite electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: a review

Shammya AFROZE, AfizulHakem KARIM, Quentin CHEOK, Sten ERIKSSON, Abul K. AZAD

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第4期   页码 770-797 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0651-x

摘要: Recently, the development and fabrication of electrode component of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) have gained a significant importance, especially after the advent of electrode supported SOFCs. The function of the electrode involves the facilitation of fuel gas diffusion, oxidation of the fuel, transport of electrons, and transport of the byproduct of the electrochemical reaction. Impressive progress has been made in the development of alternative electrode materials with mixed conducting properties and a few of the other composite cermets. During the operation of a SOFC, it is necessary to avoid carburization and sulfidation problems. The present review focuses on the various aspects pertaining to a potential electrode material, the double perovskite, as an anode and cathode in the SOFC. More than 150 SOFCs electrode compositions which had been investigated in the literature have been analyzed. An evaluation has been performed in terms of phase, structure, diffraction pattern, electrical conductivity, and power density. Various methods adopted to determine the quality of electrode component have been provided in detail. This review comprises the literature values to suggest possible direction for future research.

关键词: double perovskites     electrode materials     hydrocarbon fuel     solid oxide fuel cells    

An antibiotic composite electrode for improving the sensitivity of electrochemically active biofilm biosensor

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第8期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1518-7

摘要:

• Antibiotic azithromycin employed in graphite electrode for EAB biosensor.

关键词: AZM@GP composite electrode     EAB-biosensor     Water quality early-warning    

Enhanced electrochemical performance of CoNiS@TiCT electrode material through doping of cobalt element

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第10期   页码 1440-1449 doi: 10.1007/s11705-023-2333-9

摘要: The composite electrode of CoNiSx and Ti3C2Tx MXene was successfully prepared using a one-step hydrothermal method under the in-situ doping of the cobalt element. The effects of in-situ doping of the cobalt element on the micromorphology and electrochemical performance of the electrodes were investigated. After in-situ doping of the cobalt element, NiS with a needle-like structure was converted into a CoNiSx with petal-like structure. The petal-like CoNiSx with a rough surface was very dense and evenly wrapped on the surface and interlamination of Ti3C2Tx, which helped increase the specific surface area and pore volume of the electrode. Under the identical test conditions, CoNiSx@Ti3C2Tx had a higher specific capacitance and capacitance retention than NiS@Ti3C2Tx. This result indicated that the in-situ doping of the cobalt element promoted the electrochemical performance of the electrode. The energy density of the CoNiSx@Ti3C2Tx/nickel foam (NF)//activated carbon (AC)/NF asymmetric supercapacitor device was 59.20 Wh·kg–1 at a power density of 826.73 W·kg–1, which was much higher than that of NiS@Ti3C2Tx/NF//AC/NF. Three CoNiSx@Ti3C2Tx/NF//AC/NF in series were able to illuminate the light emitting diode lamp for about 10 min, which was higher than the 5 min of three NiS@Ti3C2Tx/NF//AC/NF in series under the same condition. The CoNiSx@Ti3C2Tx/NF//AC/NF with high energy density had better application potential in energy storage than the NiS@Ti3C2Tx/NF//AC/NF.

关键词: MXene     supercapacitor     cobalt doping     structure characterization     electrochemical performance    

A minimized fluorescent chemosensor array utilizing carboxylate-attached polythiophenes on a chip for

Yui Sasaki, Xiaojun Lyu, Zhoujie Zhang, Tsuyoshi Minami

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第1期   页码 72-80 doi: 10.1007/s11705-021-2037-y

摘要: Chemosensor arrays have a great potential for on-site applications in real-world scenarios. However, to fabricate on chemosensor array a number of chemosensors are required to obtain various optical patterns for multi-analyte detection. Herein, we propose a minimized chemosensor array composed of only two types of carboxylate-functionalized polythiophene derivatives for the detection of eight types of metal ions. Upon recognition of the metal ions, the polythiophenes exhibited changes in their fluorescence intensity and various spectral shifts. Although both chemosensors have the same polymer backbone and recognition moiety, only the difference in the number of methylene groups contributed to the difference in the fluorescence response patterns. Consequently, the metal ions in aqueous media were successfully discriminated qualitatively and quantitatively by the chemosensor microarray on the glass chip. This study offers an approach for achieving a minimized chemosensor array just by changing the alkyl chain lengths without the necessity for many receptors and reporters.

关键词: metal ions     polythiophene     chemosensor array     fluorescence     pattern recognition    

Quality monitoring of resistance spot welding based on electrode displacement characteristics analysis

ZHANG Pengxian, ZHANG Hongjie, CHEN Jianhong, MA Yuezhou

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2007年 第2卷 第3期   页码 330-335 doi: 10.1007/s11465-007-0058-y

摘要: A new method is developed to monitor joint quality based on the information collection and process in spot welding. First, twelve parameters related to weld quality are mined from electrode displacement signal on the basis of different phases of nugget formation marked by simultaneous dynamic resistance signal. Second, through correlation analysis of the parameters and taking tensile-shear strength of the spot-welded joint as evaluation target, different characteristic parameters are reasonably selected. At the same time, linear regression, nonlinear regression and radial basis function (RBF) neural network models are set up to evaluate weld quality between the selected parameters and tensile-shear strength. Finally, the validity of the proposed models is certified. Results show that all of the models can be used to monitor joint quality. For the RBF neural network model, which is more effective for monitoring weld quality than the others, the average error validated is 2.88% and the maximal error validated is under 10%.

Preparation of a Pb loaded gas diffusion electrode and its application to CO

Ang LI, Hua WANG, Jinyu HAN, Li LIU

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第4期   页码 381-388 doi: 10.1007/s11705-012-1216-2

摘要: A Pb loaded gas diffusion electrode was fabricated and used for the electroreduction of CO to formic acid. The Pb/C catalyst was prepared by isometric impregnation. The crystal structure and morphology of the Pb/C catalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The preparation conditions of the gas diffusion electrode were optimized by adjusting the amounts of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) in the gas diffusion layer and acetylene black in the catalytic layer. The electrochemical performance of the as-prepared gas diffusion electrode was studied by chronoamperometry and cyclic voltammetry. The optimized gas diffusion electrode showed good catalytic performance for the electroreduction of CO . The current efficiency of formic acid after 1 h of operation reached a maximum of 22% at -2.0 V versus saturated calomel electrode (SCE).

关键词: electroreduction     carbon dioxide     lead catalyst     gas diffusion electrode     formic acid    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Engineering the grain boundary: a promising strategy to configure NiCoPO/NiCoP nanowire arrays for ultra-stable supercapacitor

期刊论文

Application of electrode materials and catalysts in electrocatalytic treatment of dye wastewater

期刊论文

Quality control based on electrode displacement and force in resistance spot welding

Chuntao JI, Lipeng DENG

期刊论文

A novel flow electrode capacitive deionization device with spindle-shaped desalting chamber

期刊论文

A comprehensive assessment on the durability of gas diffusion electrode materials in PEM fuel cell stack

Arunkumar JAYAKUMAR

期刊论文

Fabricating sustainable lignin-derived porous carbon as electrode for high-performance supercapacitors

期刊论文

Gain-enhanced reconfigurable radiation array with mechanically driven system and directive elements

期刊论文

Characterization of electrode fouling during electrochemical oxidation of phenolic pollutant

Xuefeng Liu, Shijie You, Fang Ma, Hao Zhou

期刊论文

Electroreduction of hexavalent chromium using a porous titanium flow-through electrode and intelligent

期刊论文

Latest development of double perovskite electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells: a review

Shammya AFROZE, AfizulHakem KARIM, Quentin CHEOK, Sten ERIKSSON, Abul K. AZAD

期刊论文

An antibiotic composite electrode for improving the sensitivity of electrochemically active biofilm biosensor

期刊论文

Enhanced electrochemical performance of CoNiS@TiCT electrode material through doping of cobalt element

期刊论文

A minimized fluorescent chemosensor array utilizing carboxylate-attached polythiophenes on a chip for

Yui Sasaki, Xiaojun Lyu, Zhoujie Zhang, Tsuyoshi Minami

期刊论文

Quality monitoring of resistance spot welding based on electrode displacement characteristics analysis

ZHANG Pengxian, ZHANG Hongjie, CHEN Jianhong, MA Yuezhou

期刊论文

Preparation of a Pb loaded gas diffusion electrode and its application to CO

Ang LI, Hua WANG, Jinyu HAN, Li LIU

期刊论文