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Carbon performance evaluation model from the perspective of circular economy—The case of Chinese thermal

Zhifang ZHOU, Jinhao LIU, Huixiang ZENG, Mengmeng XU, Shihui LI

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第2期   页码 297-311 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0143-z

摘要: Carbon emission reduction is the only way to alleviate environmental problems, such as global warming. Effective evaluation of carbon performance can help enterprises to carry out energy saving and emission reduction activities to a certain extent and promote sustainable development. This paper constructs a carbon performance evaluation index system that includes the four dimensions of carbon resource (energy) input, cycle, output, and carbon management by incorporating the principles of circular economy and the theory of resource value circulation from the perspective of the flow trajectory of carbon-containing resources in the circulation of enterprises combined with the production characteristics of thermoelectric enterprises. Subsequently, combined with the case study, this paper discusses the scientific and practical nature of the system and provides another way of thinking for carbon performance evaluation of micro-enterprises in other industries. This paper expands the application boundary of matter–element model and supplements the literature of carbon performance, which has certain theoretical and practical significance.

关键词: circular economy     carbon performance     comprehensive evaluation     thermal power enterprise    

Mathematical model and manufacture programming of loxodromic-type normal circular-arc spiral bevel gear

Zhenyun DUAN, Houjun CHEN, Zhilan JU, Jian LIU

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2012年 第7卷 第3期   页码 312-321 doi: 10.1007/s11465-012-0308-5

摘要:

In this paper, loxodromic-type normal circular-arc spiral bevel gear is proposed as a novel application of the circular-arc tooth profile at the gear transmission with intersecting axes. Based on the principle of molding-surface conjugation, the study develops a mathematical model for the tooth alignment curve and the computational flow at the design stage to enable the generation of the tooth surface. Machining of the tooth surface is then carried out to determine the interference-free tool path of the numerical control (NC). Moreover, a pair of loxodromic-type normal circular-arc spiral bevel gears is manufactured on computer numerical control (CNC) machine tools. The proposed theory and method are experimentally investigated, and the obtained results primarily reflect the superior performance of the proposed novel gear.

关键词: loxodrome     circular-arc tooth profile     Wildhaber-Novikov (W-N) gear     spiral bevel gear    

An Evaluation Model for the Coordinated Development of a Circular Economy in China and Its Application

Ji-liang Zheng,Chen Zheng,Pan Chen,Ching Yuan Luk

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第4期   页码 364-371 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2014053

摘要: Energy-intensive industries (EIIs) are fundamental to the industrial development of China and are also the key industries of a circular economic infrastructure. It is worth paying attention to the coordinated development of a circular economy using EIIs due to the present interrelationship among EIIs. It is related to the optimization and comprehensive performance improvement of a circular economy. Based on the perspective of order parameter, this study uses economic and environmental subsystems to establish an evaluation model that examines the coordinated development of a circular economy within six main EIIs and an EII cluster from 2006 to 2011 in China. The result shows that the level of coordinated development in a circular economy among six EIIs differs and the level of coordinated development of circular economy among the EII cluster lags behind that of each EII examined. It also shows that the outside coordinated degree of EIIs is lower than the inside coordinated degree of each EII.

关键词: order parameter     coordinated degree evaluation     energy-intensive industry     circular economy    

LEVERAGING LIVESTOCK TO PROMOTE A CIRCULAR FOOD SYSTEM

Zhengxia DOU

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期   页码 188-192 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2020370

摘要: Livestock provide multifaceted services to human societies worldwide. In developing countries, they are crucial assets and safety net for rural poor, and they provide nutrients-dense food to nourish people. In developed economies, growth in demand for animal-derived food is slowing while attention is growing over the role of livestock farming in an enhanced circular food system for sustainability. This analysis, focusing on the modern food systems in developed countries, aims to highlight the unique function of livestock that helps people re-harvest and upcycle crop and food residues generated along the food chain that are otherwise unfit for human consumption. First, human-unusable crop and food residue materials are described in three broad categories based on their characteristics and potential feeding attributes; the magnitude of biomass materials that are already used in routine animal feeding as well as residues that remain as underutilized resources are illustrated using the USA as an example. Then, the research and technology development critically needed for the future is discussed. As the world strives to produce more food with smaller environmental and climate footprints, upcycling the residual biomass via livestock for food production presents a viable pathway toward improved resource use, reduced pollution and enhanced food system efficiency.

LEVERAGING LIVESTOCK TO PROMOTE A CIRCULAR FOOD SYSTEM

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期

摘要:

Livestock provide multifaceted services to human societies worldwide. In developing countries, they are crucial assets and safety net for rural poor, and they provide nutrients-dense food to nourish people. In developed economies, growth in demand for animal-derived food is slowing while attention is growing over the role of livestock farming in an enhanced circular food system for sustainability. This analysis, focusing on the modern food systems in developed countries, aims to highlight the unique function of livestock that helps people re-harvest and upcycle crop and food residues generated along the food chain that are otherwise unfit for human consumption. First, human-unusable crop and food residue materials are described in three broad categories based on their characteristics and potential feeding attributes; the magnitude of biomass materials that are already used in routine animal feeding as well as residues that remain as underutilized resources are illustrated using the USA as an example. Then, the research and technology development critically needed for the future is discussed. As the world strives to produce more food with smaller environmental and climate footprints, upcycling the residual biomass via livestock for food production presents a viable pathway toward improved resource use, reduced pollution and enhanced food system efficiency.

循环经济:理念与创新

金涌,冯之浚,陈定江

《中国工程科学》 2010年 第12卷 第1期   页码 4-11

摘要:

我国从开始关注循环经济理念,到今天把循环经济定为国家发展的基本国策之一,已经历了十余个年头。从理论探索到工程实践,在多学科共同交叉研究中,许多专家学者提出了诸多基本理念。为了承上启下,笔者试图对这方面的创新思想进行总括,作为进一步以工程科技创新推进循环经济发展的指导思想。

关键词: 循环经济     循环经济学    

Frequencies of circular plate with concentric ring and elastic edge support

null

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第9卷 第2期   页码 168-176 doi: 10.1007/s11465-014-0299-5

摘要:

Exact solutions for the flexural vibrations of circular plates having elastic edge conditions along with rigid concentric ring support have been presented in this paper. Values of frequency parameter for the considered circular plate are computed for different sets of values of elastic rotational and translation restraints and the radius of internal rigid ring support. The results for the first three modes of plate vibrations are computed and are presented in tabular form. The effects of rotational and linear restraints and the radius of the rigid ring support on the vibration behavior of circular plates are studied over a wide range of non-dimensional parametric values. The values of the exact frequency parameter presented in this paper for varying values of restraint parameters and the radius of the rigid ring support can better serve in design and as benchmark solutions to validate the numerical methods obtained by using other methods of solution.

关键词: circular plate     frequency     elastic edge     rigid ring     mode switching    

Numerical analysis of hydrodynamic process of circular-translational-moving polishing (CTMP)

ZHAI Wenjie, LIU Changxiong, LIANG Yingchun

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第3卷 第4期   页码 441-448 doi: 10.1007/s11465-008-0074-6

摘要: By keeping a pad moving relative to a wafer along a circular path without rotation, we developed a polishing technique called circular-translational-moving polishing (CTMP), which permits multidirectional polishing of the work piece and thus bears the advantage of isotropic polishing and a potential increase of material removal rate (MRR) on the wafer. To illuminate the mechanisms of CTMP and determine the optimum process variables in a CTMP process, a three-dimensional hydrodynamic lubrication model for CTMP with a smooth and rigid pad under a quasi-stable state is established in a polar coordinate system. The model equations are further calculated numerically by the finite difference method. The instantaneous distribution of fluid pressure is obtained, which shows that a negative pressure exists. The reason for negative pressure in CTMP and its effect on polishing is discussed. Moreover, the nominal clearance of the fluid film, roll, and pitch angles under different working conditions are obtained in terms of the applied load, moments, and polishing velocity. The obtained numerical analysis can be used as guidance for choosing operation parameters in a practical CTMP application.

关键词: numerical analysis     practical CTMP     circular-translational-moving polishing     CTMP     different    

A new method for boring of non-circular holes

ZHANG Kai, HU De-jin

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2006年 第1卷 第4期   页码 456-460 doi: 10.1007/s11465-006-0058-3

摘要: A revolving electromagnetic actuation mechanism composed of an electromagnetic stator and an electromagnetic rotor has been developed for boring non-circular holes. The main component of the rotor is a flexure-hinged based flexible body. There are four pole-pair coils in the stator supplying actuation currents. The micro-displacement between the stator and rotor can be controlled by changing the currents applied in the pole-pair coils. Through linearization of the actuation force near the static action point, a linear relationship between the control current and the actuation force was established, and the synchronizing control method of the electromagnetic actuation mechanism is presented here. With two-factor analysis of the linearization error of the actuation force, the influences of control current and micro-displacement to the linearization error of the actuation force were studied. Then, the principle for designing the basic parameters of the magnetic actuation mechanism is put forward. The calibration of the mechanism indicates that the relationship between the micro-displacement of the rotor and the control current has linear characteristics in the required micro-displacement range. Simulation tests show that the turning radius of the rotor changes with the control current. The proposed mechanism can feasibly supply a controllable micro displacement to the boring bar.

关键词: electromagnetic actuation     control method     displacement     flexible body     revolving electromagnetic    

Experimental study of pollution effect on the behavior of high voltage insulators under alternative current

Hani BENGUESMIA, Nassima M’ZIOU, Ahmed BOUBAKEUR

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第1期   页码 213-221 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0479-1

摘要: In this paper, the impact of the conductivity and the distribution of pollution on the behavior of the high voltage insulator cap and pin 1512L, artificially polluted is described. An experimental model in form of a disc is proposed. This experimental model reproduces the real model which is the 1512L insulator. Besides, a comparative study is presented. For this comparative study, different solutions are adopted to s`imulate the pollution (containing NaCl+ distilled water) that has different conductivities for a discontinuous distribution of the pollution on the insulator under an AC voltage. Furthermore, the influence of the pollution on the flashover voltage and the leakage current is studied. Finally, the behavior of real and experimental model of the insulator is investigated.

关键词: 1512L insulator     circular model     artificial pollution     flashover     leakage current     discontinuous pollution     high voltage    

Fundamental buckling of circular plates with elastically restrained edges and resting on concentric rigid

Lokavarapu Bhaskara Rao, Chellapilla Kameswara Rao

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第8卷 第3期   页码 291-297 doi: 10.1007/s11465-013-0255-9

摘要:

This work presents the existence of buckling mode switching with respect to the radius of concentric rigid ring support. The buckling mode may not be axisymmetric as previously assumed. In general, the plate may buckle in an axisymmetric mode but when the radius of the ring support becomes small, the plate may buckle in an asymmetric mode. The optimum radius of the concentric rigid ring support for maximum buckling load is also determined. Introducing internal rigid ring support, when placed at an optimal position increases the elastic buckling load capacity by 149.39 percent. The numerical results obtained are in good agreement with the previously published data.

关键词: buckling     circular plate     elastically restrained edge     rigid ring support     mode switching    

Surface accuracy optimization of mechanical parts with multiple circular holes for additive manufacturing

Jinghua XU, Hongsheng SHENG, Shuyou ZHANG, Jianrong TAN, Jinlian DENG

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第16卷 第1期   页码 133-150 doi: 10.1007/s11465-020-0610-6

摘要: Surface accuracy directly affects the surface quality and performance of mechanical parts. Circular hole, especially spatial non-planar hole set is the typical feature and working surface of mechanical parts. Compared with traditional machining methods, additive manufacturing (AM) technology can decrease the surface accuracy errors of circular holes during fabrication. However, an accuracy error may still exist on the surface of circular holes fabricated by AM due to the influence of staircase effect. This study proposes a surface accuracy optimization approach for mechanical parts with multiple circular holes for AM based on triangular fuzzy number (TFN). First, the feature lines on the manifold mesh are extracted using the dihedral angle method and normal tensor voting to detect the circular holes. Second, the optimal AM part build orientation is determined using the genetic algorithm to optimize the surface accuracy of the circular holes by minimizing the weighted volumetric error of the part. Third, the corresponding weights of the circular holes are calculated with the TFN analytic hierarchy process in accordance with the surface accuracy requirements. Lastly, an improved adaptive slicing algorithm is utilized to reduce the entire build time while maintaining the forming surface accuracy of the circular holes using digital twins via virtual printing. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is experimentally validated using two mechanical models.

关键词: surface accuracy optimization     multiple circular holes     additive manufacturing (AM)     part build orientation     triangular fuzzy number (TFN)     digital twins    

Experimental investigation on heat transfer effect of conical strip inserts in a circular tube under

M. ARULPRAKASAJOTHI,K. ELANGOVAN,K. HEMA CHANDRA REDDY,S. SURESH

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第2期   页码 136-142 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0389-z

摘要: The aim of this paper is to observe the Nusselt number and friction factor behavior of the circular tube with conical strip inserts as turbulators in a laminar flow condition, using staggered and non-staggered conical strips with three different twist ratios ( = 2, 3 and 5). The conical strip is inserted in the forward and backward direction individually compared to the flow of water which is the working fluid. The results indicate that the conical strip inserts increases the Nusselt number when compared to the plain surface tube. It is observed that the strip geometry has a major effect on the thermal performance of the circular tube. On examination of different strips for determining the enhancement of Nusselt number, the staggered conical strip with the twist ratio of = 3 has given a better result compared to the other two strips. Finally, correlations have been derived using regression analysis for predicting the Nusselt number and friction factor.

关键词: Nusselt number     friction factor     conical strip    

Global sensitivity analysis of certain and uncertain factors for a circular tunnel under seismic action

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN, Raja Rizwan HUSSAIN, Ilham Ibrahim MOHAMMAD, Peyman KARAMPOUR

《结构与土木工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第6期   页码 1289-1300 doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0548-0

摘要: There are many certain and uncertain design factors which have unrevealed rational effects on the generation of tensile damage and the stability of the circular tunnels during seismic actions. In this research paper, we have dedicated three certain and four uncertain design factors to quantify their rational effects using numerical simulations and the Sobol’s sensitivity indices. Main effects and interaction effects between the design factors have been determined supporting on variance-based global sensitivity analysis. The results detected that the concrete modulus of elasticity for the tunnel lining has the greatest effect on the tensile damage generation in the tunnel lining during the seismic action. In the other direction, the interactions between the concrete density and both of concrete modulus of elasticity and tunnel diameter have appreciable effects on the tensile damage. Furthermore, the tunnel diameter has the deciding effect on the stability of the tunnel structure. While the interaction between the tunnel diameter and concrete density has appreciable effect on the stability process. It is worthy to mention that Sobol’s sensitivity indices manifested strong efficiency in detecting the roles of each design factor in cooperation with the numerical simulations explaining the responses of the circular tunnel during seismic actions.

关键词: shear waves     Sobol’s sensitivity indices     maximum principal stress     maximum overall displacement     tensile damage    

Natural convection heat transfer of water in a horizontal circular gap

SU Guanghui, WU Yingwei, Kenichiro Sugiyama

《能源前沿(英文)》 2007年 第1卷 第2期   页码 167-173 doi: 10.1007/s11708-007-0021-y

摘要: An experimental study on the natural convection heat transfer on a horizontal downward facing heated surface in a water gap was carried out under atmospheric pressure conditions. A total of 700 experimental data points were correlated using Rayleigh versus Nusselt number in various forms, based on different independent variables. The effects of different characteristic lengths and film temperatures were discussed. The results show that the buoyancy force acts as a resistance force for natural convection heat transfer on a downward facing horizontal heated surface in a confined space. For the estimation of the natural convection heat transfer under the present conditions, empirical correlations in which Nusselt number is expressed as a function of the Rayleigh number, or both Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers, may be used. When it is accurately predicted, the Nusselt number is expressed as a function of the Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers, as well as the gap width-to-heated surface diameter ratio; and uses the temperature difference between the heated surface and the ambient fluid in the definition of Rayleigh number. The characteristic length is the gap size and the film temperature is the average fluid temperature.

关键词: function     diameter     different independent     different characteristic     horizontal downward    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Carbon performance evaluation model from the perspective of circular economy—The case of Chinese thermal

Zhifang ZHOU, Jinhao LIU, Huixiang ZENG, Mengmeng XU, Shihui LI

期刊论文

Mathematical model and manufacture programming of loxodromic-type normal circular-arc spiral bevel gear

Zhenyun DUAN, Houjun CHEN, Zhilan JU, Jian LIU

期刊论文

An Evaluation Model for the Coordinated Development of a Circular Economy in China and Its Application

Ji-liang Zheng,Chen Zheng,Pan Chen,Ching Yuan Luk

期刊论文

LEVERAGING LIVESTOCK TO PROMOTE A CIRCULAR FOOD SYSTEM

Zhengxia DOU

期刊论文

LEVERAGING LIVESTOCK TO PROMOTE A CIRCULAR FOOD SYSTEM

期刊论文

循环经济:理念与创新

金涌,冯之浚,陈定江

期刊论文

Frequencies of circular plate with concentric ring and elastic edge support

null

期刊论文

Numerical analysis of hydrodynamic process of circular-translational-moving polishing (CTMP)

ZHAI Wenjie, LIU Changxiong, LIANG Yingchun

期刊论文

A new method for boring of non-circular holes

ZHANG Kai, HU De-jin

期刊论文

Experimental study of pollution effect on the behavior of high voltage insulators under alternative current

Hani BENGUESMIA, Nassima M’ZIOU, Ahmed BOUBAKEUR

期刊论文

Fundamental buckling of circular plates with elastically restrained edges and resting on concentric rigid

Lokavarapu Bhaskara Rao, Chellapilla Kameswara Rao

期刊论文

Surface accuracy optimization of mechanical parts with multiple circular holes for additive manufacturing

Jinghua XU, Hongsheng SHENG, Shuyou ZHANG, Jianrong TAN, Jinlian DENG

期刊论文

Experimental investigation on heat transfer effect of conical strip inserts in a circular tube under

M. ARULPRAKASAJOTHI,K. ELANGOVAN,K. HEMA CHANDRA REDDY,S. SURESH

期刊论文

Global sensitivity analysis of certain and uncertain factors for a circular tunnel under seismic action

Nazim Abdul NARIMAN, Raja Rizwan HUSSAIN, Ilham Ibrahim MOHAMMAD, Peyman KARAMPOUR

期刊论文

Natural convection heat transfer of water in a horizontal circular gap

SU Guanghui, WU Yingwei, Kenichiro Sugiyama

期刊论文