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Human health ambient water quality criteria for 13 heavy metals and health risk assessment in Taihu Lake

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第4期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1475-6

摘要:

• The concentrations of 13 heavy metals in Taihu Lake were analyzed.

关键词: Heavy metals     Human health ambient water quality criteria     Taihu Lake     Health risk assessment     Contribution rate    

Bioaerosol emissions variations in large-scale landfill region and their health risk impacts

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第12期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1593-9

摘要:

● The airborne bacteria in landfills were 4–50 times higher than fungi.

关键词: Microbial aerosols     Landfill sites     Health risk assessment     CALPUFF    

Multimedia distribution and health risk assessment of typical organic pollutants in a retired industrial

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第11期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1742-9

摘要:

● A fine portrayal of organic pollutants in a retired industrial park is provided.

关键词: Organic pollutants     Retired industrial park     Spatial correlation     Health risk assessment    

Understanding and addressing the environmental risk of microplastics

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1612-5

摘要:

Over the past decades, the plastic production has been dramatically increased. Indeed, a category of small plastic particles mainly with the shapes of fragments, fibers, or spheres, called microplastics (particles smaller than 5 mm) and nanoplastics (particles smaller than 1 μm) have attracted particular attention. Because of its wide distribution in the environment and potential adverse effects to animal and human, microplastic pollution has been reported as a serious environment problem receiving increased attention in recent years. As one of the commonly detected emerging contaminants in the environment, recent evidence indicates that the concentration of microplastics show an increasing trend, for the reason that up to 12.7 million metric tons of plastic litter is released into aquatic environment from land-based sources each year. Furthermore, microplastic exposure levels of model organisms in laboratory studies are usually several orders of magnitude higher than those found in environment, and the microplastics exposure conditions are also different with those observed in the environment. Additionally, the detection of microplastics in feces indicates that they can be excreted out of the bodies of animal and human. Hence, great uncertainties might exist in microplastics exposure and health risk assessment based on current studies, which might be exaggerated. Policies reduce microplastic emission sources and hence minimize their environmental risks are determined. To promote the above policies, we must first overcome the technical obstacles of detecting microplastics in various samples.

关键词: Emerging contaminants     Microplastics     Environment risk     Health effect    

Occurrence and health risk assessment of trace heavy metals via groundwater in Shizhuyuan Polymetallic

Bingbing XU,Qiujin XU,Cunzhen LIANG,Li LI,Lijia JIANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 482-493 doi: 10.1007/s11783-014-0675-8

摘要: The Shizhuyuan Polymetallic Mine in Chen-zhou City is an important multi-metal deposit in China. After a dam accident in 1985, there are still a number of mining plants, smelters and tailing ponds in this area. These had the potential to pollute the surrounding groundwater. In this study, groundwater samples were collected from 20 residents’ wells in this area during both dry and wet seasons. In particular, this study focused on the exposure and the health risk assessment of trace heavy metal in groundwater. Multiple statistical analysis and fuzzy comprehensive method were employed to reveal the distribution characteristics of heavy metal and to assess the groundwater quality. Results indicated that Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Ba, Hg and Pb were widespread with low exposure levels. There were 19 wells with low level exposure and one well with a moderate level exposure in the dry season. All of the wells were in low level exposure during the wet season. As and Mn exhibited potential non-carcinogenic concern, because their maximum hazard quotient (HQ) was higher than 1.0. This may cause adverse health effect on adults in dry season or on children in both seasons. Only As, showed that the maximum carcinogenic risk was more than 10 , suggesting a high cancer risk for children in both dry and wet seasons. Therefore, analysis and reduction the concentrations of As and Mn in groundwater are needed in order to protect the health of residents and especially children in the area.

关键词: groundwater     heavy metal     health risk assessment     mine area    

Utilization of MSWI fly ash as partial cement or sand substitute with focus on cementing efficiency and healthrisk assessment

Lei Zheng, Xingbao Gao, Wei Wang, Zifu Li, Lingling Zhang, Shikun Cheng

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第1期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1184-6

摘要: Washed MSWI fly ash was used as partial cement or sand substitute. Sand replacing is beneficial for strength, while cement replacement reduces strength. Cementing efficiency factor and mortar pore structure explain the strength results. Health risk assessment was conducted for MSWI fly ash blended cement mortar. CR and HI contributed by different exposures and heavy metals were analyzed. The strength of cement substituted mortar decreases with the increase in fly ash amount, whereas the strength increases when the fly ash is blended as sand substitute. A mortar with highest strength (compressive strength= 30.2 Mpa; flexural strength= 7.0 Mpa) was obtained when the sand replacement ratio was 0.75%. The k value (cementing efficiency) of fly ash varied between 0.36 and 0.15 for the fly ash fraction in binder between 5% and 25%. The k values of fly ash used for sand replacement were all significantly above that used for cement substitution. The macropores assigned to the gaps between particles decreased when the fly ash was used as sand replacement, providing an explanation for the strength enhancement. The waste-extraction procedure (toxicity-sulphuric acid and nitric acid method (HJ/T 299-2007)) was used to evaluate metal leaching, indicating the reuse possibility of fly ash blended mortar. For the mortar with the mass ratio of fly ash to binder of 0.5%, the carcinogenic risks (CR) and non-carcinogenic hazard quotient (HQ) in sensitive scenario for blended mortar utilization were 9.66 × 10-7 and 0.06, respectively; these results were both lower than the threshold values, showing an acceptable health risk. The CR (9.89 × 10-5) and HQ (3.89) of the non-sensitive scenario for fly ash treatment exceeded the acceptable threshold values, indicating health risks to onsite workers. The main contributor to the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk is Cr and Cd, respectively. The CR and HQ from inhalation was the main route of heavy metal exposure.

关键词: MSWI fly ash     Cementing efficiency     Health risk assessment of heavy metal     Sand replacement     Cement replacement    

Leveraging individual-level data to advance air pollution health risk management

Jianxun YANG, Wenjing WU, Miaomiao LIU, Jun BI

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第2期   页码 337-342 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0189-1

摘要:

Environmental health risk management is a systematic engineering task, engaging multiple disciplines from the academic and government sectors. Reducing environmental health risks has become one of the key targets in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This target has been translated into public policies at many jurisdictional levels (Yue et al., 2020). To design region-specific and targeted policy initiatives, understanding how environmental health risks are spatially distributed and temporally resolved is fundamental.

Along with the advances in high-resolution pollution mapping and projection, environmental risk assessment and management have been performed at a highly granular scale (Caplin et al., 2019). For instance, taking advantage of the fine air pollution dataset, recent research efforts have evaluated the health burdens of historical air pollution exposure or cost-benefits of pollution control policies at finer-scale administrative units and grids (Liu et al., 2017Ou et al., 2020). These assessments reveal expensive health costs of air pollution exposure and highlight that the health outcomes of air pollution are unevenly distributed across regions and more evident among vulnerable populations (Colmer et al., 2020).

Even though detailed geospatial mappings of air pollution capture local patterns, they do not necessarily represent individual-level unique exposure experiences and health outcomes. Personal exposure to air pollution can be influenced by a range of behavioral factors such as mobility patterns and self-protective actions (Tainio et al., 2021). Individual cofactors such as risk perceptions of air pollutants, baseline health conditions, and socio–economic status also influence the pollution-related health impacts (Piel et al., 2020). Dramatic variations in health risks, therefore, occur even within small spatial units such as blocks and neighborhoods. Thus, individual-level exposure and health assessment are critical in advancing the engineering management of air pollution at granular spatiotemporal scales and informing targeted local policies for reducing pollution-related health risks.

To perform air pollution health risk assessment and management at the individual level, first, gathering datasets relevant to personal exposure experiences and health outcomes is important. For example, portable sensor technology is widely applied, in which participants carry the sensors to measure their real-time locations and micro-environmental exposure (Su et al., 2017). These monitors can illustrate individual time–activity patterns and assess personal-specific pollution exposure during outdoor activities such as daily commuting and exercises (Dons et al., 2017). These activities finally form direct flows of datasets on human behaviors and are made available to researchers for more nuanced characterizations of environmental risk.

In this comment, we summarize different types of individual-level data and outline pathways through which the data may advance air pollution health risks assessment. We then review representative studies revolving around these aspects and showcase how abundant information at the individual level improves environmental health risk management. We finally detail the challenges and uncertainties in this rapidly growing field and highlight the priorities in future research. The aim is to motivate local policy actions and foster collective research efforts to promote public health.

Legacies and health risks of heavy metals, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1679-z

摘要:

● Heavy metals and organic toxins may persist in legacy sites for a long time.

关键词: E-waste     Human health risk     Organ risk     Heavy metal toxicity     PBDE     PCDD/F    

Airborne bacteria associated with particulate matter from a highly urbanised metropolis: A potential riskto the population’s health

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第9期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1552-5

摘要:

• The airborne bacteria of Mexico City are representative of urban environments.

关键词: Airborne bacteria     Urbanisation     PM10     Mexico City     Microbiome    

Cultivars and oil extraction techniques affect Cd/Pb contents and health risks in oil of rapeseed grown

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第7期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1687-z

摘要:

● Organic solvent extracted fewer Cd/Pb in rapeseed oil than physical pressing.

关键词: Rapeseed oil     Oil extraction technologies     Human health risk assessment     Cd/Pb-contaminated farmland     Substitute planting    

健康管理的现状与发展策略

李江,陶沙,李明,傅华,王克安,田传胜,王陇德

《中国工程科学》 2017年 第19卷 第2期   页码 8-15 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2017.02.002

摘要:

本文以文献研究为基础,通过选取江苏、浙江、上海三地有代表性的社区卫生服务中心、企业、健康保险公司以及健康管理服务机构共17家单位开展了调研,结果发现我国在开展健康管理过程中存在一些问题,如社区卫生服务中心无论在人员配备上还是服务内容上都与有效的健康管理服务存在差距;企业具有开展健康管理的意愿,外资企业与大型国企都已经开展了有益的尝试并取得了不错的效果,国内中小型企业、公司缺乏独立开展职工健康管理的能力;健康保险公司由于缺乏盈利模式大多不愿意开展健康险服务,健康管理多作为附加选项服务于高端客户;健康管理服务公司的业务以体检为主,大多并没有开展真正意义上的健康管理。针对这些问题课题组提出了八个相关的政策建议及相应的对策。

关键词: 健康管理     健康风险评估     生命全程     基本公共卫生服务     临床预防服务     社区卫生服务     健康保险    

Occupational risk of exposure to methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and the quality of infection hygiene in

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1333-y

摘要:

• Staff members were not colonised with MRSA.

关键词: Antibiotic resistance     Airborne MRSA     Bioaerosols     Healthcare-associated infections     Healthcare worker     Occupational health    

PPCPs in a drinking water treatment plant in the Yangtze River Delta of China: Occurrence, removal and risk

Xinshu Jiang, Yingxi Qu, Liquan Liu, Yuan He, Wenchao Li, Jun Huang, Hongwei Yang, Gang Yu

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1109-4

摘要:

• 39 PPCPs were investigated at a DWTP using the Yangtze River as its water source.

• Grab and continuous sampling were conducted for the comparison of data consistency.

• Ketoprofen & carbamazepine can be risk management indicators because of the high RQ.

关键词: PPCPs     DWTP     Human health risk assessment    

Composition, dispersion, and health risks of bioaerosols in wastewater treatment plants: A review

Yunping Han, Lin Li, Ying Wang, Jiawei Ma, Pengyu Li, Chao Han, Junxin Liu

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1330-1

摘要: Abstract • Bioaerosols are produced in the process of wastewater biological treatment. • The concentration of bioaerosol indoor is higher than outdoor. • Bioaerosols contain large amounts of potentially pathogenic biomass and chemicals. • Inhalation is the main route of exposure of bioaerosol. • Both the workers and the surrounding residents will be affected by the bioaerosol. Bioaerosols are defined as airborne particles (0.05–100 mm in size) of biological origin. They are considered potentially harmful to human health as they can contain pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. This review summarizes the most recent research on the health risks of bioaerosols emitted from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in order to improve the control of such bioaerosols. The concentration and size distribution of WWTP bioaerosols; their major emission sources, composition, and health risks; and considerations for future research are discussed. The major themes and findings in the literature are as follows: the major emission sources of WWTP bioaerosols include screen rooms, sludge-dewatering rooms, and aeration tanks; the bioaerosol concentrations in screen and sludge-dewatering rooms are higher than those outdoors. WWTP bioaerosols contain a variety of potentially pathogenic bacteria, fungi, antibiotic resistance genes, viruses, endotoxins, and toxic metal(loid)s. These potentially pathogenic substances spread with the bioaerosols, thereby posing health risks to workers and residents in and around the WWTP. Inhalation has been identified as the main exposure route, and children are at a higher risk of this than adults. Future studies should identify emerging contaminants, establish health risk assessments, and develop prevention and control systems.

关键词: Wastewater treatment plant     Bioaerosols     Pathogen     Dispersion     Risk assessment    

High cadmium pollution risk on vegetable amaranth and a selection for pollution-safe cultivars to lowerthe risk

Yihui ZHOU, Meng XUE, Zhongyi YANG, Yulian GONG, Jiangang YUAN, Chunyan ZHOU, Baifei HUANG

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第2期   页码 219-230 doi: 10.1007/s11783-012-0469-9

摘要: A pot experiment was carried out by growing 29 different genotypes ( spp.) of vegetable amaranth under low- (0.12 mg·kg ) and middle- (0.40 mg·kg ) cadmium (Cd) exposure. The result showed that amaranth was vulnerable to cadmium (Cd) contamination in soil. Variations of Cd concentrations in both roots and edible parts among genotypes were significant ( <0.001) in both treatments. Cd concentrations in edible parts of the tested genotypes grown under low- and middle-Cd levels were significantly correlated ( <0.01), implying that Cd-accumulating property of amaranth is genotype-dependent. Differences in Cd chemical forms between cv. Nanxingdayemashixian (cv. Nan), a selected typical pollution-safe cultivar (Cd-PSC), and cv. Pennongjianyexian (cv. Pen), a selected typical non-Cd-PSC, under different Cd exposure conditions were compared. It was found that the alternation of Cd in F (Cd form extracted by 1 mol·L NaCl) may be a key factor in regulating Cd accumulation of different amaranth genotypes and that the protein-binding Cd is considered to be associated with Cd translocation. The results indicated that amaranth is capable of enduring high level of Cd pollution when grown as vegetable crop, and accordingly, consuming vegetable amaranth would bring high health risk. Therefore, adopting Cd-PSC strategy would help reducing the risk of Cd pollution in amaranth. In this study, cv. Nan was identified as a Cd-PSC and recommended to be applied production practice.

关键词: Amaranth     Cadmium (Cd)     Cd accumulation     pollution-safe cultivar (PSC)     Cd chemical forms     health risk    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Human health ambient water quality criteria for 13 heavy metals and health risk assessment in Taihu Lake

期刊论文

Bioaerosol emissions variations in large-scale landfill region and their health risk impacts

期刊论文

Multimedia distribution and health risk assessment of typical organic pollutants in a retired industrial

期刊论文

Understanding and addressing the environmental risk of microplastics

期刊论文

Occurrence and health risk assessment of trace heavy metals via groundwater in Shizhuyuan Polymetallic

Bingbing XU,Qiujin XU,Cunzhen LIANG,Li LI,Lijia JIANG

期刊论文

Utilization of MSWI fly ash as partial cement or sand substitute with focus on cementing efficiency and healthrisk assessment

Lei Zheng, Xingbao Gao, Wei Wang, Zifu Li, Lingling Zhang, Shikun Cheng

期刊论文

Leveraging individual-level data to advance air pollution health risk management

Jianxun YANG, Wenjing WU, Miaomiao LIU, Jun BI

期刊论文

Legacies and health risks of heavy metals, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins

期刊论文

Airborne bacteria associated with particulate matter from a highly urbanised metropolis: A potential riskto the population’s health

期刊论文

Cultivars and oil extraction techniques affect Cd/Pb contents and health risks in oil of rapeseed grown

期刊论文

健康管理的现状与发展策略

李江,陶沙,李明,傅华,王克安,田传胜,王陇德

期刊论文

Occupational risk of exposure to methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and the quality of infection hygiene in

期刊论文

PPCPs in a drinking water treatment plant in the Yangtze River Delta of China: Occurrence, removal and risk

Xinshu Jiang, Yingxi Qu, Liquan Liu, Yuan He, Wenchao Li, Jun Huang, Hongwei Yang, Gang Yu

期刊论文

Composition, dispersion, and health risks of bioaerosols in wastewater treatment plants: A review

Yunping Han, Lin Li, Ying Wang, Jiawei Ma, Pengyu Li, Chao Han, Junxin Liu

期刊论文

High cadmium pollution risk on vegetable amaranth and a selection for pollution-safe cultivars to lowerthe risk

Yihui ZHOU, Meng XUE, Zhongyi YANG, Yulian GONG, Jiangang YUAN, Chunyan ZHOU, Baifei HUANG

期刊论文