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Solar fuel from photo-thermal catalytic reactions with spectrum-selectivity: a review

Sanli TANG, Jie SUN, Hui HONG, Qibin LIU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第4期   页码 437-451 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0509-z

摘要: Solar fuel is one of the ideal energy sources in the future. The synergy of photo and thermal effects leads to a new approach to higher solar fuel production under relatively mild conditions. This paper reviews different approaches for solar fuel production from spectrum-selective photo-thermal synergetic catalysis. The review begins with the meaning of synergetic effects, and the mechanisms of spectrum-selectivity and photo-thermal catalysis. Then, from a technical perspective, a number of experimental or theoretical works are sorted by the chemical reactions and the sacrificial reagents applied. In addition, these works are summarized and tabulated based on the operating conditions, spectrum-selectivity, materials, and productivity. A discussion is finally presented concerning future development of photo-thermal catalytic reactions with spectrum-selectivity.

关键词: photo-thermal catalysis     spectrum-selectivity     solar fuel     full-spectrum    

Ultrathin microcrystalline hydrogenated Si/Ge alloyed tandem solar cells towards full solar spectrum

Yu Cao, Xinyun Zhu, Xingyu Tong, Jing Zhou, Jian Ni, Jianjun Zhang, Jinbo Pang

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第6期   页码 997-1005 doi: 10.1007/s11705-019-1906-0

摘要: Thin film solar cells have been proved the next generation photovoltaic devices due to their low cost, less material consumption and easy mass production. Among them, micro-crystalline Si and Ge based thin film solar cells have advantages of high efficiency and ultrathin absorber layers. Yet individual junction devices are limited in photoelectric conversion efficiency because of the restricted solar spectrum range for its specific absorber. In this work, we designed and simulated a multi-junction solar cell with its four sub-cells selectively absorbing the full solar spectrum including the ultraviolet, green, red as well as near infrared range, respectively. By tuning the Ge content, the record efficiency of 24.80% has been realized with the typical quadruple junction structure of a-Si:H/a-Si Ge :H/µc-Si:H/µc-Si Ge :H. To further reduce the material cost, thickness dependent device performances have been conducted. It can be found that the design of total thickness of 4 m is the optimal device design in balancing the thickness and the . While the design of ultrathin quadruple junction device with total thickness of 2 m is the optimized device design regarding cost and long-term stability with a little bit more reduction in . These results indicated that our solar cells combine the advantages of low cost and high stability. Our work may provide a general guidance rule of utilizing the full solar spectrum for developing high efficiency and ultrathin multi-junction solar cells.

关键词: thin films     solar cells     quadruple junction solar cell     amorphous silicon     silicon germanium alloy     quantum efficiency    

全光谱 LED 照明用荧光粉发展现状及趋势

陈晓霞,张霞 ,刘荣辉,刘元红,周裔朋,庄卫东

《中国工程科学》 2020年 第22卷 第2期   页码 71-78 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2020.02.011

摘要:

随着人们对照明品质要求的提高,全光谱发光二极管(LED)照明成为发展热点。本文对全光谱 LED 用关键材料——荧光粉进行了详细分析,对比了每种体系的发光性能并给出了各类型的代表材料,重点阐述了紫光–近紫外光激发的多种颜色荧光粉的优劣势、研究进展以及实际应用情况,对该领域存在问题及其发展趋势、重点产业发展方向进行了分析和展望。目前可供全光谱使用的紫光–近紫外光激发的荧光粉存在蓝粉和青粉普遍发射光谱窄、光效偏低和热稳定性较差,黄粉及远红光荧光粉对紫光或近紫外光的吸收较低导致发光效率不佳,单一基质白光荧光粉的红光发射不足等问题,其中发光光效和热稳定性仍然是制约各类荧光粉应用的关键因素。研究提出,可重点突破适合紫光–近紫光激发高光效和高热稳定性的宽谱蓝粉、青粉、黄绿粉、黄粉、长波红粉以及单一基质白光荧光粉的制备和应用技术,开发与现有应用产品体系相匹配的高效及连续化制备技术,由此促进全光谱 LED 的进一步发展。

关键词: 全光谱LED     高品质照明     紫光芯片     荧光粉    

Comparison of different energy saving lights using solar panel

Huzaifa MUBARAK,Saad Bin Abul KASHEM

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第4期   页码 466-472 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0417-7

摘要: The recent trend in light emitting diode or LED lighting applications and their claimed energy saving capabilities together with their overall attractiveness has us all convinced that they really are a greener alternative to the compact fluorescent lights or CFL. As convincing as it seems, the actual energy saving capabilities of LEDs are yet to be proven scientifically or at the least, on an empirical level when compared to CFLs. This paper tackles the issue with the use of a solar cell by evaluating the photovoltaic current and voltage generated by the solar cell subjected to each lighting system. Graphical representations are drawn and a conclusion is then reached based on the amount of power generation in the solar cells in order to determine the energy saving capabilities of each lighting system and its efficiency. From the result, it has been found that an LED is 3.7 times more power efficient than a CFL based light source of equal wattage.

关键词: CFL     LED     empirical     solar     lumens     energy saving     fluorescent    

Characteristics and application of road absorbing solar energy

Zhihua ZHOU, Shan HU, Xiaoyan ZHANG, Jian ZUO

《能源前沿(英文)》 2013年 第7卷 第4期   页码 525-534 doi: 10.1007/s11708-013-0278-2

摘要: If the heat of road surface can be stored in summer, the road surface temperature will be decreased to prevent permanent deformation of pavement. Besides, if the heat stored is released, it can supply heat for buildings or raise the road surface temperature for snow melting in winter. A road-solar energy system was built in this study, and the heat transfer mechanism and effect of the system were analyzed according to the monitored solar radiant heat, the solar energy absorbed by road and the heat stored by soil. The results showed that the road surface temperature was mainly affected by solar radiation, but the effect is hysteretic in nature. The temperature of the solar road surface was 3°C–6°C lower than that of the ordinary road surface. The temperature of the solar road along the vertical direction was 2°C–5°C lower than that of the ordinary road. The temperature difference increased as the distance to the heat transfer tubes decreased. The average solar collector efficiency of the system was 14.4%, and the average solar absorptivity of road surface was 36%.

关键词: solar energy     road-solar energy system     road surface temperature     solar absorptivity of road surface     solar collector efficiency of system    

Special column: solar energy conversion

Yun Hang HU, Fangming JIN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第2期   页码 205-206 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0636-9

Ag/PMMA hollow waveguide for solar energy transmission

He LAN, Jianjun HAN, Hongping CHEN, Xiujian ZHAO

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2011年 第5卷 第3期   页码 303-307 doi: 10.1007/s11705-010-0565-y

摘要: This paper describes an elaborate study on obtaining Ag/PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) leaky hollow waveguide which has a large aperture and low loss in transmitting solar energy. Through analyses and comparison, a quartz capillary with the inner diameter of 2 mm was chosen as hollow waveguide. We used the xenon light source, which has the similar spectrum as the sunlight to test and analyze the performance of the Ag/PMMA leakage hollow waveguide. The results are consistent with the transmitted theory of the dielectric/metal leaky type well. Meanwhile, the Ag/PMMA leaky-type hollow waveguide in this work had good qualities. Therefore, it will be a satisfactory medium for solar energy transmission.

关键词: hollow waveguide     transmit the solar energy     Ag/PMMA multiple film     parabolic collector    

Technological development of multi-energy complementary system based on solar PVs and MGT

Xiaojing LV, Yu WENG, Xiaoyi DING, Shilie WENG, Yiwu WENG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 509-517 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0598-3

摘要:

The complementary micro-energy network system consisting of solar photovoltaic power generation (solar PVs) and micro-gas turbine (MGT), which not only improves the absorption rate and reliability of photovoltaic power, but also has the advantages of low emission, high efficiency, and good fuel adaptability, has become one of the most promising distributed power systems in the field of micro grid. According to the development of current technology and the demand of actual work, this research described the domestic and foreign development of micro-energy network system based on solar PVs and MGT. Moreover, it analyzed the challenges and future development regarding the micro-energy network system in planning and design, energy utilization optimization and dispatching management, and system maintenance, respectively. Furthermore, it predicted the future development of the key technology of the multi-energy complementary system. These results will be beneficial for the progress of this field both in theory and practice.

关键词: renewable energy     solar photovoltaic power generation     micro gas turbine     multi-energy complementary system     micro-energy network    

Photocatalysis: from solar light to hydrogen energy

《能源前沿(英文)》 2021年 第15卷 第3期   页码 565-567 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0784-6

An optimized solar-air degree-day method to evaluate energy demand for poultry buildings in different

Yang WANG, Baoming LI

《农业科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第4期   页码 478-489 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2019289

摘要:

The degree-day method is widely used to determine energy consumption but cannot be directly applied to poultry buildings without improvements in its accuracy. This study was designed to optimize the degree-day calculation and proposes a solar-air degree-day method, which can be used to calculate the cooling and heating degree-days and the annual cooling and heating loads under different climate conditions for poultry buildings. In this paper, the solar-air degree-day method was proposed, which considers the effects of solar radiation with different wall orientations and surface colors. Five Chinese cities, Harbin, Beijing, Chongqing, Kunming and Guangzhou, were selected to represent different climate zones to determine the solar-air degree-days. The heating and cooling energy requirements for different climates were compared by DeST (Designer’s Simulation Toolkit) simulation and the solar-air degree-day method. Approaches to decrease energy consumption were developed. The results showed that the maximum relative error was less than 10%, and the new method was not significantly different from the DeST simulation ( >0.05). The accuracy of calculating energy requirements was improved by the solar-air degree-day method in the different climate zones. Orientation and surface color effects on energy consumption need to be considered, and external walls of different orientations should have different surface colors.

关键词: base temperature     energy consumption     solar radiation     orientation     surface color    

Energy supply for water electrolysis systems using wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen: a case

Mostafa REZAEI, Ali MOSTAFAEIPOUR, Mojtaba QOLIPOUR, Mozhgan MOMENI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第3期   页码 539-550 doi: 10.1007/s11708-019-0635-x

摘要: Due to acute problems caused by fossil fuels that threaten the environment, conducting research on other types of energy carriers that are clean and renewable is of great importance. Since in the past few years hydrogen has been introduced as the future fuel, the aim of this study is to evaluate wind and solar energy potentials in prone areas of Iran by the Weibull distribution function (WDF) and the Angstrom-Prescott (AP) equation for hydrogen production. To this end, the meteorological data of solar radiation and wind speed recorded at 10 m height in the time interval of 3 h in a five-year period have been used. The findings indicate that Manjil and Zahedan with yearly wind and solar energy densities of 6004 (kWh/m ) and 2247 (kWh/m ), respectively, have the greatest amount of energy among the other cities. After examining three different types of commercial wind turbines and photovoltaic (PV) systems, it becomes clear that by utilizing one set of Gamesa G47 turbine, 91 kg/d of hydrogen, which provides energy for 91 car/week, can be produced in Manjil and will save about 1347 L of gasoline in the week. Besides, by installing one thousand sets of X21-345 PV systems in Zahedan, 20 kg/d of hydrogen, enough for 20 cars per week, can be generated and 296 L of gasoline can be saved. Finally, the RETScreen software is used to calculate the annual CO emission reduction after replacing gasoline with the produced hydrogen.

关键词: wind energy     solar energy     water electrolysis     hydrogen production     Weibull distribution function (WDF)     Angstrom-Prescott (AP) equation    

Cleaning the energy sources for water heating among Nanjing households: barriers and opportunities forsolar and natural gas

Lingyun ZHU,Beibei LIU,Jun BI

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第5期   页码 757-766 doi: 10.1007/s11783-013-0603-3

摘要: Energy for water heating accounts for an increasing part in residential energy demand in China. An extensive survey was conducted to analyze the determinants of household energy choices for water heaters among residents in Nanjing, China. Two sets of variables were examined as potential influences: building features and household socio-economic characteristics. Results suggest that building features such as gas availability and building structures, and household characteristics such as household head’s education degree and energy-conserving sense are crucial determinants in choosing natural gas as water heater energy. Installation permission for solar water heater, building stories, and residential location serve as determining factors in choosing solar water heaters. Based on these, barriers and opportunities are discussed for transitions toward cleaner water heating energies, and suggestions are given for local governments to promote cleaner energy replacement in China.

关键词: residential energy demand     water heating     multinomial logit model    

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第3期   页码 262-288 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0015-z

摘要: Mobile electronic devices such as MP3, mobile phones, and wearable or implanted medical devices have already or will soon become a necessity in peoples’ lives. However, the further development of these devices is restricted not only by the inconvenient charging process of the power module, but also by the soaring prices of fossil fuel and its downstream chain of electricity manipulation. In view of the huge amount of solar energy fueling the world biochemically and thermally, a carry-on electricity harvester embedded in portable devices is emerging as a most noteworthy research area and engineering practice for a cost efficient solution. Such a parasitic problem is intrinsic in the next generation portable devices. This paper is dedicated to presenting an overview of the photovoltaic strategy in the chain as a reference for researchers and practitioners committed to solving the problem.

关键词: photovoltaic conversion     energy harvesting     solar cell     maximum power point track algorithm     PV electricity storage     mobile/standalone PV application    

Effect of non-uniform illumination on performance of solar thermoelectric generators

Ershuai YIN, Qiang LI, Yimin XUAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第2期   页码 239-248 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0533-7

摘要: Solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs) are heat engines which can generate electricity from concentrated sunlight. The non-uniform illumination caused by the optical concentrator may affect the performance of solar thermoelectric generators. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element model of solar thermoelectric generators is established. The two-dimensional Gaussian distribution is employed to modify the illumination profiles incident on the thermoelectric generator. Six non-uniformities of solar illumination are investigated while keeping the total energy constant. The influences of non-uniform illumination on the temperature distribution, the voltage distribution, and the maximum output power are respectively discussed. Three thermoelectric generators with 32, 18 and 8 pairs of thermocouples are compared to investigate their capability under non-uniform solar radiation. The result shows that the non-uniformity of the solar illumination has a great effect on the temperature distribution and the voltage distribution. Central thermoelectric legs can achieve a larger temperature difference and generate a larger voltage than peripheral ones. The non-uniform solar illumination will weaken the capability of the TE generator, and the maximum output power decrease by 1.4% among the range of non-uniformity studied in this paper. Reducing the number of the thermoelectric legs for non-uniform solar illumination can greatly increase the performance of the thermoelectric generator.

关键词: solar thermoelectric generators     non-uniform solar illumination     performance evaluation     solar energy    

Analysis and characterization of wind-solar-constant torque spring hybridized model

Shantanu ACHARYA,Subhadeep BHATTACHARJEE

《能源前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第3期   页码 279-289 doi: 10.1007/s11708-014-0312-z

摘要: Solar and wind are the most promising renewable energy resources. But their unpredictable and varying nature prevents them from being used as the sole resource for power generation. This paper presents a model of wind and solar thermal hybrid power plant with a spring storage system which is expected to play an efficient role in combating with the drawbacks related to renewable power generation. In the proposed scheme, wind energy is harnessed by a hybrid vertical axis wind turbine, solar energy is utilized by a Stirling engine, and the surplus energy is stored in a winding spring. The paper discusses the working methodologies and analyses the performance of such 2.6 kW hybrid power plant model. It has been observed that the plant is capable of consistently generating 50% of its rated capacity irrespective of limitations in solar and wind resources.

关键词: hybrid vertical axis wind turbine     Stirling engine     solar-thermal energy     wind energy     constant torque spring    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Solar fuel from photo-thermal catalytic reactions with spectrum-selectivity: a review

Sanli TANG, Jie SUN, Hui HONG, Qibin LIU

期刊论文

Ultrathin microcrystalline hydrogenated Si/Ge alloyed tandem solar cells towards full solar spectrum

Yu Cao, Xinyun Zhu, Xingyu Tong, Jing Zhou, Jian Ni, Jianjun Zhang, Jinbo Pang

期刊论文

全光谱 LED 照明用荧光粉发展现状及趋势

陈晓霞,张霞 ,刘荣辉,刘元红,周裔朋,庄卫东

期刊论文

Comparison of different energy saving lights using solar panel

Huzaifa MUBARAK,Saad Bin Abul KASHEM

期刊论文

Characteristics and application of road absorbing solar energy

Zhihua ZHOU, Shan HU, Xiaoyan ZHANG, Jian ZUO

期刊论文

Special column: solar energy conversion

Yun Hang HU, Fangming JIN

期刊论文

Ag/PMMA hollow waveguide for solar energy transmission

He LAN, Jianjun HAN, Hongping CHEN, Xiujian ZHAO

期刊论文

Technological development of multi-energy complementary system based on solar PVs and MGT

Xiaojing LV, Yu WENG, Xiaoyi DING, Shilie WENG, Yiwu WENG

期刊论文

Photocatalysis: from solar light to hydrogen energy

期刊论文

An optimized solar-air degree-day method to evaluate energy demand for poultry buildings in different

Yang WANG, Baoming LI

期刊论文

Energy supply for water electrolysis systems using wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen: a case

Mostafa REZAEI, Ali MOSTAFAEIPOUR, Mojtaba QOLIPOUR, Mozhgan MOMENI

期刊论文

Cleaning the energy sources for water heating among Nanjing households: barriers and opportunities forsolar and natural gas

Lingyun ZHU,Beibei LIU,Jun BI

期刊论文

Emerging technologies to power next generation mobile electronic devices using solar energy

Dewei JIA , Yubo DUAN , Jing LIU ,

期刊论文

Effect of non-uniform illumination on performance of solar thermoelectric generators

Ershuai YIN, Qiang LI, Yimin XUAN

期刊论文

Analysis and characterization of wind-solar-constant torque spring hybridized model

Shantanu ACHARYA,Subhadeep BHATTACHARJEE

期刊论文