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Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第2期   页码 205-210 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0073-2

摘要: Owing to the stochastic characteristic of natural wind speed, the output fluctuation of wind farm has a negative impact on power grid when a large-scale wind farm is connected to a power grid. It is very difficult to overcome this impact only by wind farm itself. A novel power system called wind-gas turbine hybrid energy system was discussed, and the framework design of this hybrid energy system was presented in detail in this paper. The hybrid energy system combines wind farm with several small gas turbine power plants to form an integrated power station to provide a relatively firm output power. The small gas turbine power plant has such special advantages as fast start-up, shutdown, and quick load regulation to fit the requirement of the hybrid energy system. Therefore, the hybrid energy system uses the output from the small gas turbine power plants to compensate for the output fluctuation from the wind farm for the firm output from the whole power system. To put this hybrid energy system into practice, the framework must be designed first. The capacity of the wind farm is chosen according to the capacity and units of small gas turbine power plants, load requirement from power grid, and local wind energy resource distribution. Finally, a framework design case of hybrid energy system was suggested according to typical wind energy resource in Xinjiang Autonomous Region in China.

关键词: framework design     hybrid energy system     wind farm     gas turbine power plants    

A smooth co-ordination control for a hybrid autonomous power system (HAPS) with battery energy storage

C. K. ARAVIND,G. SARAVANA ILANGO,C. NAGAMANI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第1期   页码 31-42 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0347-9

摘要: The standalone hybrid power system constitutes a synchronous generator driven by a diesel engine, renewable energy source (wind) apart from a battery energy storage system. A coherent control strategy to regulate the voltage and frequency of the standalone grid is proposed in this paper. The system is simulated using Matlab/Simulink for preliminary validation and further tested on a laboratory prototype which involves a TMS320LF2407A DSP controller to digitally implement the control strategy. The dynamic behavior of the system is perused through the direct connection of an induction machine. The control strategy is verified for step changes in load and variation in wind power.

关键词: standalone hybrid power system     battery energy storage system (BESS)     power conversion    

A genetic algorithm based improved optimal sizing strategy for solar-wind-battery hybrid system usingenergy filter algorithm

Aeidapu MAHESH, Kanwarjit Singh SANDHU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2020年 第14卷 第1期   页码 139-151 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0484-4

摘要: In this paper, the genetic algorithm (GA) is applied to optimize a grid connected solar photovoltaic (PV)-wind-battery hybrid system using a novel energy filter algorithm. The main objective of this paper is to minimize the total cost of the hybrid system, while maintaining its reliability. Along with the reliability constraint, some of the important parameters, such as full utilization of complementary nature of PV and wind systems, fluctuations of power injected into the grid and the battery’s state of charge (SOC), have also been considered for the effective sizing of the hybrid system. A novel energy filter algorithm for smoothing the power injected into the grid has been proposed. To validate the proposed method, a detailed case study has been conducted. The results of the case study for different cases, with and without employing the energy filter algorithm, have been presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed sizing strategy.

关键词: PV-wind-battery hybrid system     size optimization     genetic algorithm    

Multi-objective optimization of a hybrid distributed energy system using NSGA-II algorithm

Hongbo REN, Yinlong LU, Qiong WU, Xiu YANG, Aolin ZHOU

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 518-528 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0594-7

摘要:

In this paper, a multi-objective optimization model is established for the investment plan and operation management of a hybrid distributed energy system. Considering both economic and environmental benefits, the overall annual cost and emissions of CO2 equivalents are selected as the objective functions to be minimized. In addition, relevant constraints are included to guarantee that the optimized system is reliable to satisfy the energy demands. To solve the optimization model, the non-dominated sorting generic algorithm II (NSGA-II) is employed to derive a set of non-dominated Pareto solutions. The diversity of Pareto solutions is conserved by a crowding distance operator, and the best compromised Pareto solution is determined based on the fuzzy set theory. As an illustrative example, a hotel building is selected for study to verify the effectiveness of the optimization model and the solving algorithm. The results obtained from the numerical study indicate that the NSGA-II results in more diversified Pareto solutions and the fuzzy set theory picks out a better combination of device capacities with reasonable operating strategies.

关键词: multi-objective optimization     hybrid distributed energy system     non-dominated sorting generic algorithm II     fuzzy set theory     Pareto optimal solution    

Engine-driven hybrid air-conditioning system

Chaokui QIN , Hongmei LU , Xiong LIU , Gerhard SCHMITZ ,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2009年 第3卷 第1期   页码 109-116 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0003-3

摘要: A hybrid air-conditioning system that combines an engine-driven chiller with desiccant dehumidification was configured and experimentally tested to provide reliable data for energy consumption and operation cost. The engine performance and the desiccant wheel performance were measured and a numeric model previously set up for dehumidification capacity prediction was validated. For a reference building, the results based upon measured data show that under present electricity/gas price ratio, more than 40% of operation cost can be saved by the hybrid system.

关键词: engine-driven chiller     desiccant wheel     hybrid air-conditioning system     energy consumption    

Economic analysis of a hybrid solar-fuel cell power delivery system using tuned genetic algorithm

Trina SOM, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第1期   页码 12-20 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0172-3

摘要: An economic evaluation of a network of distributed energy resources (DERs) comprising a microgrid structure of power delivery system in an Indian scenario has been made. The mathematical analysis is based on the application of tuned genetic algorithm (TGA). The analyses for optimal power operation pertaining to minimum cost have been made for two cases in Indian power delivery system. The first case deals with the consumers’ individual optimal operation of DERs, while in the second one, consumers altogether form a microgrid with the optimal supply of power from DERs. The total annual costs for these two cases are found to be economically competitive and encouraging. A reduction of approximately 5.7% in the annual cost has been obtained in the case of microgid system than that in the separately operating consumers’ system for a small locality of India. It is observed that the application of TGA results in a reduction of the minimum cost depicting an improved outcome in terms of energy economy.

关键词: distributed energy resources (DERs)     microgrid     tuned genetic algorithm (TGA)    

Design method and verification of a hybrid prosthetic mechanism with energy-damper clutchable device

《机械工程前沿(英文)》 2021年 第16卷 第4期   页码 747-764 doi: 10.1007/s11465-021-0644-4

摘要: Transfemoral amputees (TAs) have difficulty in mobility during walking, such as restricted movement of lower extremity and body instability, yet few transfemoral prostheses have explored human-like multiple motion characteristics by simple structures to fit the kinesiology, biomechanics, and stability of human lower extremity. In this work, the configurations of transfemoral prosthetic mechanism are synthesized in terms of human lower-extremity kinesiology. A hybrid transfemoral prosthetic (HTP) mechanism with multigait functions is proposed to recover the gait functions of TAs. The kinematic and mechanical performances of the designed parallel mechanism are analyzed to verify their feasibility in transfemoral prosthetic mechanism. Inspired by motion–energy coupling relationship of the knee, a wearable energy-damper clutched device that can provide energy in knee stance flexion to facilitate the leg off from the ground and can impede the leg’s swing velocity for the next stance phase is proposed. Its co-operation with the springs in the prismatic pairs enables the prosthetic mechanism to have the energy recycling ability under the gait rhythm of the knee joint. Results demonstrate that the designed HTP mechanism can replace the motion functions of the knee and ankle to realize its multimode gait and effectively decrease the peak power of actuators from 94.74 to 137.05 W while maintaining a good mechanical adaptive stability.

关键词: hybrid transfemoral prosthetic mechanism     energy recycling     wearable mechanical clutched device     mechanical adaptive stability    

Load shedding scheme for an interconnected hydro-thermal hybrid system with SMES

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

《能源前沿(英文)》 2012年 第6卷 第3期   页码 227-236 doi: 10.1007/s11708-012-0198-6

摘要: The frequency of the power system varies based on the load pattern of the consumers. With continuous increase in the load, the frequency of the system keeps decreasing and may reach its minimum allowable limits. Further increase in the load will result in more frequency drop leading to the need of load shedding, if excess generation is not available to cater the need. This paper proposed a methodology in a hybrid thermal-hydro system for finding the required amount of load to be shed for setting the frequency of the system within its minimum allowable limits. The load shedding steps were obtained based on the rate of change of frequency with the increase in the load in both areas. The impact of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) was obtained on load shedding scheme. The comparison of the results was presented on the two-area system.

关键词: critical load     frequency response     load shedding     multi-area system     rate of change of frequency     superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) device    

Intelligent hybrid power generation system using new hybrid fuzzy-neural for photovoltaic system and

Alireza REZVANI,Ali ESMAEILY,Hasan ETAATI,Mohammad MOHAMMADINODOUSHAN

《能源前沿(英文)》 2019年 第13卷 第1期   页码 131-148 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0446-x

摘要: Photovoltaic (PV) generation is growing increasingly fast as a renewable energy source. Nevertheless, the drawback of the PV system is intermittent because of depending on weather conditions. Therefore, the wind power can be considered to assist for a stable and reliable output from the PV generation system for loads and improve the dynamic performance of the whole generation system in the grid connected mode. In this paper, a novel topology of an intelligent hybrid generation system with PV and wind turbine is presented. In order to capture the maximum power, a hybrid fuzzy-neural maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method is applied in the PV system. The average tracking efficiency of the hybrid fuzzy-neural is incremented by approximately two percentage points in comparison with the conventional methods. The pitch angle of the wind turbine is controlled by radial basis function network-sliding mode (RBFNSM). Different conditions are represented in simulation results that compare the real power values with those of the presented methods. The obtained results verify the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method which has the advantages of robustness, fast response and good performance. Detailed mathematical model and a control approach of a three-phase grid-connected intelligent hybrid system have been proposed using Matlab/Simulink.

关键词: photovoltaic     wind turbine     hybrid system     fuzzy logic controller     genetic algorithm     RBFNSM    

Optimal operation of microgrid using hybrid differential evolution and harmony search algorithm

S. SURENDER REDDY,Jae Young PARK,Chan Mook JUNG

《能源前沿(英文)》 2016年 第10卷 第3期   页码 355-362 doi: 10.1007/s11708-016-0414-x

摘要: This paper proposes the generation scheduling approach for a microgrid comprised of conventional generators, wind energy generators, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, battery storage, and electric vehicles. The electrical vehicles (EVs) play two different roles: as load demands during charging, and as storage units to supply energy to remaining load demands in the MG when they are plugged into the microgrid (MG). Wind and solar PV powers are intermittent in nature; hence by including the battery storage and EVs, the MG becomes more stable. Here, the total cost objective is minimized considering the cost of conventional generators, wind generators, solar PV systems and EVs. The proposed optimal scheduling problem is solved using the hybrid differential evolution and harmony search (hybrid DE-HS) algorithm including the wind energy generators and solar PV system along with the battery storage and EVs. Moreover, it requires the least investment.

关键词: battery storage     electric vehicles (EVs)     microgrid (MG)     optimal scheduling     solar photovoltaic (PV) system     wind energy conversion system    

State-of-art review of the optimization methods to design the configuration of hybrid renewable energy

Maurizio FACCIO, Mauro GAMBERI, Marco BORTOLINI, Mojtaba NEDAEI

《能源前沿(英文)》 2018年 第12卷 第4期   页码 591-622 doi: 10.1007/s11708-018-0567-x

摘要: The current research aims to present an inclusive review of latest research works performed with the aim of improving the efficiency of the hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) by employing diverse ranges of the optimization techniques, which aid the designers to achieve the minimum expected total cost, while satisfying the power demand and the reliability. For this purpose, a detailed analysis of the different classification drivers considering the design factors such as the optimization goals, utilized optimization methods, grid type as well as the investigated technology has been conducted. Initial results have indicated that of all optimization goals, load demand parameters including loss of power supply probability (LPSP) and loss of load probability (LLP), cost, sizing (configuration), energy production, and environmental emissions are the most frequent design variables which have been cited the most. Another result of this paper indicates that almost 70% of the research projects have been dedicated toward the optimization of the off-grid applications of the HRESs. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that, integration of the PV, wind and battery is the most frequent configuration. In the next stage of the paper, a review concerning the sizing methods has also been carried out to outline the most common techniques which are used to configure the components of the HRESs. In this regard, an analysis covering the optimized indicators such as the cost drivers, energy index parameters, load indicators, battery’s state of charge, PV generator area, design parameters such as the LPSP, and the wind power generation to load ratio, has also been performed.

关键词: hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs)     design and optimization     environmental pollutions     PV array     wind turbines (WTs)     inverter     diesel generator (DG)    

Efficient acetylene/carbon dioxide separation with excellent dynamic capacity and low regeneration energyby anion-pillared hybrid materials

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》   页码 1616-1622 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2183-x

摘要: Adsorptive separation of acetylene/carbon dioxide mixtures by porous materials is an important and challenging task due to their similar sizes and physical properties. Here, remarkable acetylene/carbon dioxide separation featuring a high dynamic breakthrough capacity for acetylene (4.3 mmol·g–1) as well as an ultralow acetylene regeneration energy (29.5 kJ·mol–1) was achieved with the novel TiF62–-pillared material ZU-100 (TIFSIX-bpy-Ni). Construction of a pore structure with abundant TiF62– anion sites and pores with appropriate sizes enabled formation of acetylene clusters through hydrogen bonds and intermolecular interactions, which afforded a high acetylene capacity (8.3 mmol·g–1) and high acetylene/carbon dioxide uptake ratio (1.9) at 298 K and 1 bar. Moreover, the NbO52– anion-pillared material ZU-61 investigated for separation of acetylene/carbon dioxide. In addition, breakthrough experiments were also conducted to further confirm the excellent dynamic acetylene/carbon dioxide separation performance of ZU-100.

关键词: adsorption     acetylene/carbon dioxide separation     dynamic capacity     anion-pillared hybrid material    

Sizing of hybrid PMSG-PV system for battery charging of electric vehicles

M. M. RAJAN SINGARAVEL,S. ARUL DANIEL

《能源前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第1期   页码 68-74 doi: 10.1007/s11708-015-0349-7

摘要: The number of electric vehicles are increasing in the society as they are considered as zero emission vehicles and also because conventional fuels are becoming expensive. Additional electrical power should be produced to meet the energy requirement of this increase in electric vehicle population. To use the existing grid infrastructure without any failure, installing distributed generator at secondary distribution network is essential. In this work, sizing of wind-driven permanent magnet synchronous generator—photovoltaic hybrid distributed generating system has been attempted to meet the energy demand of electric vehicles of a particular residential area. Different feasible combinations for wind generator capacity and photovoltaic capacity are obtained to satisfy the additional energy requirement. Results are analyzed based on energy, financial payback periods and daily power profile of the hybrid system. Based on this analysis, the sizes of wind generator and photovoltaic array have been chosen to meet the energy demand of electric vehicles of that particular residential locality.

关键词: electric vehicles     hybrid PMSG-PV system     smart grid    

Estimation and optimization operation in dealing with inflow and infiltration of a hybrid sewerage system

Mingkai Zhang, He Jing, Yanchen Liu, Hanchang Shi

《环境科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2017年 第11卷 第2期 doi: 10.1007/s11783-017-0912-z

摘要: Inflow and infiltration of a sewage system was estimated by synthetic model. Homological feature of catchments was recognized by self-organizing map. Occurrence risk index was proposed to assess catchment operation problem. Optimal strategy was used to reduce surcharge events and improve effluent quality. Inflow and infiltration (I/I) are serious problems in hybrid sewerage systems. Limited sewerage information impedes the estimation accuracy of I/I for each system catchment because of its unknown distribution. A new method proposed to deal with I/I of a large-scale hybrid sewerage system with limited infrastructure facility data is presented in this study. The catchment of representative pump stations was adopted to demonstrate the homological catchments that have similar wastewater fluctuation characteristics. Homological catchments were clustered using the self-organizing map (SOM) analysis based on long-term daily flow records of 50 pumping stations. An assessment index was applied to describe the I/I and overflow risk of representative pump stations in the catchment based on the hourly wastewater quality and quantity data. The potential operational strategy of homological catchments was generated by the assessment index of representative pump stations. The simulation results of the potential operational strategy indicated that the optimized operation strategy could reduce surcharge events and significantly improve the quality of wastewater treatment plant effluent.

关键词: Hybrid sewerage system     Wastewater treatment plant     Optimization operation     Inflow     Infiltration    

Fuel poverty and low carbon emissions: a comparative study of the feasibility of the hybrid renewableenergy systems incorporating combined heat and power technology

《能源前沿(英文)》 2022年 第16卷 第2期   页码 336-356 doi: 10.1007/s11708-021-0748-x

摘要: Fuel poverty is most prevalent in North East England with 14.4% of fuel poor households in Newcastle upon Tyne. The aim of this paper was to identify a grid connected renewable energy system coupled with natural gas reciprocating combined heat and power unit, that is cost-effective and technically feasible with a potential to generate a profit from selling energy excess to the grid to help alleviate fuel poverty. The system was also aimed at low carbon emissions. Fourteen models were designed and optimized with the aid of the HOMER Pro software. Models were compared with respect to their economic, technical, and environmental performance. A solution was proposed where restrictions were placed on the size of renewable energy components. This configuration consists of 150 kW CHP, 300 kW PV cells, and 30 kW wind turbines. The renewable fraction is 5.10% and the system yields a carbon saving of 7.9% in comparison with conventional systems. The initial capital investment is $1.24 million which enables the system to have grid sales of 582689 kWh/a. A conservative calculation determined that 40% of the sales can be used to reduce the energy cost of fuel poor households by $706 per annum. This solution has the potential to eliminate fuel poverty at the site analyzed.

关键词: greenhouse gas control     low carbon target     grid connected     renewable fraction     fuel poverty     combined heat and power     HOMER Pro    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Framework design of a hybrid energy system by combining wind farm with small gas turbine power plants

Nengsheng BAO, Weidou NI,

期刊论文

A smooth co-ordination control for a hybrid autonomous power system (HAPS) with battery energy storage

C. K. ARAVIND,G. SARAVANA ILANGO,C. NAGAMANI

期刊论文

A genetic algorithm based improved optimal sizing strategy for solar-wind-battery hybrid system usingenergy filter algorithm

Aeidapu MAHESH, Kanwarjit Singh SANDHU

期刊论文

Multi-objective optimization of a hybrid distributed energy system using NSGA-II algorithm

Hongbo REN, Yinlong LU, Qiong WU, Xiu YANG, Aolin ZHOU

期刊论文

Engine-driven hybrid air-conditioning system

Chaokui QIN , Hongmei LU , Xiong LIU , Gerhard SCHMITZ ,

期刊论文

Economic analysis of a hybrid solar-fuel cell power delivery system using tuned genetic algorithm

Trina SOM, Niladri CHAKRABORTY

期刊论文

Design method and verification of a hybrid prosthetic mechanism with energy-damper clutchable device

期刊论文

Load shedding scheme for an interconnected hydro-thermal hybrid system with SMES

D. TYAGI, Ashwani KUMAR, Saurabh CHANANA

期刊论文

Intelligent hybrid power generation system using new hybrid fuzzy-neural for photovoltaic system and

Alireza REZVANI,Ali ESMAEILY,Hasan ETAATI,Mohammad MOHAMMADINODOUSHAN

期刊论文

Optimal operation of microgrid using hybrid differential evolution and harmony search algorithm

S. SURENDER REDDY,Jae Young PARK,Chan Mook JUNG

期刊论文

State-of-art review of the optimization methods to design the configuration of hybrid renewable energy

Maurizio FACCIO, Mauro GAMBERI, Marco BORTOLINI, Mojtaba NEDAEI

期刊论文

Efficient acetylene/carbon dioxide separation with excellent dynamic capacity and low regeneration energyby anion-pillared hybrid materials

期刊论文

Sizing of hybrid PMSG-PV system for battery charging of electric vehicles

M. M. RAJAN SINGARAVEL,S. ARUL DANIEL

期刊论文

Estimation and optimization operation in dealing with inflow and infiltration of a hybrid sewerage system

Mingkai Zhang, He Jing, Yanchen Liu, Hanchang Shi

期刊论文

Fuel poverty and low carbon emissions: a comparative study of the feasibility of the hybrid renewableenergy systems incorporating combined heat and power technology

期刊论文