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Persistent Integration and Innovation Management Mode and Its Applications in Petroleum Production Engineering

He Liu

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2015年 第2卷 第4期   页码 339-343 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2015055

摘要: This paper proposes a new management mode named the persistent integration and innovation management mode to satisfy the requirements by the fast development at oilfields. Taking engineering philosophy as the guidance and technical innovations in petroleum production engineering as the breaking point, the management mode combines long term production practice at oilfields with modern management methods. The management mode integrates intellectuals, techniques, capital, and information and so on to accomplish global optimization of resource configuration. Sets of new techniques, new methods, new technologies and new equipment in petroleum production engineering have been proposed under the guidance of the management mode, achieving great social and economic benefits.

关键词: integration and innovation     engineering philosophy     petroleum production engineering     Daqing Oilfield    

Smart oilfield development and transition of petroleum-based cities

He LIU, Xinhua MA

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第2期   页码 299-301 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0024-5

Visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil catalyzed by SO/ZrO solid super-acid doped with Ni or Sn

JING Ping, LI Qingbiao, HAN Mei, SUN Daohua, JIA Lishan, FANG Weiping

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2008年 第2卷 第2期   页码 186-190 doi: 10.1007/s11705-008-0035-y

摘要: SO/ZrO solid super-acid catalysts (SZ) doped with Ni or Sn (Ni/SZ, Sn/SZ) were prepared for catalytic visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil from Shengli oil field. The visbreaking reactions were carried out at 240°C and 3–4 MPa for 24 h using a heavy petroleum oil to catalyst mass ratio of 100 : 0.05. The effect of water content on viscosity of heavy petroleum oil was also investigated. Both catalysts can promote thermolysis of heavy petroleum oil and the viscosity was reduced from 0.319 Pa·s to 0.135 Pa·s for Ni/SZ and 0.163 Pa·s for (Sn/SZ) with visbreaking rates of 57.7% and 48.9%, respectively. After visbreaking, the saturated hydrocarbon content increased while aromatics, resin, asphaltene, sulfur and nitrogen content decreased. The presence of water was disadvantageous to visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil.

关键词: thermolysis     Shengli     asphaltene     SO/ZrO     presence    

李四光与中国石油大发现

赵文津

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第2期   页码 26-34

摘要:

论述了中国石油勘探、开发和石油工业发展的客观历程,以翔实的史料指出,李四光对中国石油的大发现做出了不可替代的重要贡献。

关键词: 李四光     中国石油资源     中国石油的大发现与开发    

Comparison of combustion characteristics of petroleum coke and coal in one-dimensional furnace

Qulan ZHOU, Qinxin ZHAO, Guangjie ZHOU, Huiqing WANG, Tongmo XU, Shien HUI,

《能源前沿(英文)》 2010年 第4卷 第3期   页码 436-442 doi: 10.1007/s11708-009-0059-0

摘要: The effect of primary air fraction , outer secondary air swirl strength and excess oxygen coefficient on the combustion characteristics of petroleum coke, Hejin lean coal and Shenmu soft coal are researched on a one-dimensional furnace using a dual channel swirl burner. The results show that with the increase in primary air fraction , the NO emission concentrations of both Hejin lean coal and petroleum coke increase, and the combustion worsens in the earlier stage, but the burn-out rate of Shenmu soft coal is improved. The NO emission concentration obtains a minimum value with an increase in . The ignition and burn-out rate of petroleum coke and Shenmu soft coal are optimal when Ω is minimum and Ω=0.87, respectively. However, both the NO emission concentration of petroleum coke and Shenmu soft coal are minimum when Ω=1.08. The increase in excess oxygen coefficient delays the ignition of petroleum coke, worsens the combustion condition and increases the NO emission concentration, but it greatly decreases the NO emission concentration of Shenmu soft coal.

关键词: petroleum coke     Shenmu soft coal     Hejin lean coal     combustion characteristics     experimental research    

Practice and understanding of developing new technologies and equipment for green and low-carbon production of oilfields

He LIU, Jianwen YAN, Siwei MENG, Qinghai YANG, Zixiu YAO, Shijia ZHU

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第4期   页码 517-523 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0061-0

摘要: The core of China’s low-carbon development includes optimization of industrial structure, clean energy technologies, emission reduction technologies, and innovation of relevant systems and institutions. China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) has always been a proactive participant in developing low-carbon economy, shouldering the responsibilities of safeguarding oil and gas supply, conserving energy, and reducing emission. Therefore, CNPC fulfills those responsibilities as a substantial part of its overall strategy. Guided by low carbon and driven by innovation, petroleum corporations have taken constant innovation of low-carbon technologies, especially the development of green and low-carbon petroleum engineering technologies and equipment, as major measures for energy conservation and emission reduction. Large-scale development mode of unconventional resource anhydrous fracturing should be innovated. And supercritical CO should be used to replace water for fracturing operation, in order to achieve multiple objectives of CO burying, conserve water resource, improve single well production and ultimate recovery, realizing reduced emission and efficient utilization of CO resources. Artificial lifting energy-saving and efficiency-increasing technologies and injection-production technology in the same well should also be innovated. Energy consumption of high water-cut wells is reduced to support the new low-carbon operation mode of high water-cut oilfields and realize energy saving and efficiency improvement during oil production by developing the operation efficiency of the lifting system and reducing the ineffective lifting of formation water. These technologies have been widely recognized by local and international experts and have greatly enhanced CNPC’s international influence. This study expounds the key technologies and equipment with regard to the development of green and low-carbon petroleum engineering and provide relevant suggestions.

关键词: low carbon     energy conservation and emission reduction     petroleum engineering technology     petroleum equipment    

Development and challenges of planning and scheduling for petroleum and petrochemical production

Fupei LI, Minglei YANG, Wenli DU, Xin DAI

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2020年 第7卷 第3期   页码 373-383 doi: 10.1007/s42524-020-0123-3

摘要: Production planning and scheduling are becoming the core of production management, which support the decision of a petrochemical company. The optimization of production planning and scheduling is attempted by every refinery because it gains additional profit and stabilizes the daily production. The optimization problem considered in industry and academic research is of different levels of realism and complexity, thus increasing the gap. Operation research with mathematical programming is a conventional approach used to address the planning and scheduling problem. Additionally, modeling the processes, objectives, and constraints and developing the optimization algorithms are significant for industry and research. This paper introduces the perspective of production planning and scheduling from the development viewpoint.

关键词: planning and scheduling     optimization     modeling    

液化石油气泄漏的危险性分析及其事故后果评价方法

陈思凝,孙金华,王青松

《中国工程科学》 2005年 第7卷 第9期   页码 61-64

摘要:

液化石油气(LPG)在其运输和存储过程中存在着各种与火灾和爆炸相关的危险性。由于LPG的泄漏可能导致包括闪火,不可控蒸气云爆炸,沸腾液体膨胀蒸汽爆炸等一系列灾害的发生,针对上述的各种灾害的具体发生条件及其危险性进行了分析;在事故后果评价中采用量化风险分析,提出了沸腾液体膨胀蒸汽爆炸和不可控蒸气云爆炸对周围人员可能造成伤害的评价方法。

关键词: 液化石油气泄漏     火灾     危险性分析     后果评价    

Hydrotreating of light gas oil using a NiMo catalyst supported on activated carbon produced from fluid petroleum

N. Rambabu,Sandeep Badoga,Kapil K. Soni,A.K. Dalai,J. Adjaye

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2014年 第8卷 第2期   页码 161-170 doi: 10.1007/s11705-014-1430-1

摘要: Nitric acid functionalized steam activated carbon (NAFSAC) was prepared from waste fluid petroleum coke (FPC) and used as a support material for the synthesis of a NiMo catalyst (2.5 wt-% Ni and 13 wt-% Mo). The catalyst was then used for the hydrotreatment of light gas oil. The support and catalysts were characterized by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) gas adsorption method, X-ray diffraction, H -temperature programmed reduction, NH -temperature programmed desorption, CO-chemisorption, mass spetrography, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Boehm titration, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The SEM results showed that the carbon material retained a needle like structure after functionalization with HNO . The Boehm titration, FTIR, and BET results confirmed that the HNO functionalized material had moderate acidity, surface functional groups, and mesoporosity respectively. The produced NAFSAC had an inert nature, exhibited the sink effect and few metal support interactions, and contained functional groups. All of which make it a suitable support material for the preparation of a NiMo hydrotreating catalyst. Hydrotreating activity studies of the NiMo/NAFSAC catalyst were carried out under industrial operating conditions in a laboratory trickle bed reactor using coker light gas oil as the feedstock. A parallel study was performed on the hydrotreating activity of NiMo/ -Al O as a reference catalyst. The hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation activities of the NiMo/NAFSAC catalyst were 62% and 30%, respectively.

关键词: activated carbon     fluid petroleum coke     NiMo catalyst     hydrotreating     light gas oil    

Multiple input self-organizing-map ResNet model for optimization of petroleum refinery conversion units

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2023年 第17卷 第6期   页码 759-771 doi: 10.1007/s11705-022-2269-5

摘要: This work introduces a deep-learning network, i.e., multi-input self-organizing-map ResNet (MISR), for modeling refining units comprised of two reactors and a separation train. The model is comprised of self-organizing-map and the neural network parts. The self-organizing-map part maps the input data into multiple two-dimensional planes and sends them to the neural network part. In the neural network part, residual blocks enhance the convergence and accuracy, ensuring that the structure will not be overfitted easily. Development of the MISR model of hydrocracking unit also benefits from the utilization of prior knowledge of the importance of the input variables for predicting properties of the products. The results show that the proposed MISR structure predicts more accurately the product yields and properties than the previously introduced self-organizing-map convolutional neural network model, thus leading to more accurate optimization of the hydrocracker operation. Moreover, the MISR model has smoother error convergence than the previous model. Optimal operating conditions have been determined via multi-round-particle-swarm and differential evolution algorithms. Numerical experiments show that the MISR model is suitable for modeling nonlinear conversion units which are often encountered in refining and petrochemical plants.

关键词: hydrocracking     convolutional neural networks     self-organizing map     deep learning     data-driven optimization    

Oxidative desulfurization of fuels using ionic liquids: A review? ?

Hua Zhao,Gary A. Baker

《化学科学与工程前沿(英文)》 2015年 第9卷 第3期   页码 262-279 doi: 10.1007/s11705-015-1528-0

摘要: Extractive oxidation, wherein aromatic sulfur-containing compounds are extracted and subsequently oxidized to their corresponding sulfones, has proven to be one of the most effective desulfurization methods for producing ultra-low sulfur content fuels. As non-volatile and highly designable solvents, ionic liquids (ILs) have attracted considerable attention for the oxidative desulfurization of fuels. In this review, we systematically discuss the utility of ILs in catalytic and extractive oxidation, including their role as extractant, catalyst, or both. We also discuss the challenges facing the use of ILs in this regard, including their relatively high cost and excessive viscosity, as well as their efficiency and stability as catalyst.

关键词: oxidative desulfurization     ionic liquids     extraction     fuels     petroleum     polyoxometalates    

积极培育生物燃料产业减少对石油的过度依赖

曹湘洪

《中国工程科学》 2011年 第13卷 第2期   页码 4-12

摘要:

分析了我国石油消费的增长趋势、我国和世界的石油供应潜力以及我国减排CO2面临的巨大压力,提出发展生物燃料是减少经济社会发展对石油的过度依赖和减排CO2 的重要战略举措。指出发展生物燃料和生物基材料是生物质利用的最佳途径,综述了世界及我国生物燃料的发展现状,提出了培育我国生物燃料产业的对策。

关键词: 生物燃料     生物基材料     生物质     二氧化碳减排     石油    

The Effect of TRIZ on Research Institute Innovation

He Liu,Qing-hai Yang,Xu Jin

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2014年 第1卷 第4期   页码 385-389 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2014059

摘要: With a background in improving independent innovation capabilities and building a world-class petroleum research institute, scientific innovation is the essence and basis of an innovative framework for a research institute, as well as the inexhaustible driving force for sustainable development. By introducing the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) and combining it with CAI (computer aided innovation) technology, the Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development established an adaptive innovative system by making experiments and fanning out from a point to an area gradually. This article takes the example of the innovative practices of the Department of Petroleum Equipment in Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, and introduces a building method for the innovative system based on technical innovation, enterprise culture, organizational structure, scheme, and people. It also summarizes the experiences and effects of improving innovative system upon scientific practice which can provide important guidance and reference significance for accelerating independent innovative capability.

关键词: innovative capability     TRIZ theory     petroleum equipment     research institute     innovative system    

我国石油经济安全与监测预警复杂战略系统研究

葛家理,胡机豪,张宏民

《中国工程科学》 2002年 第4卷 第1期   页码 75-80

摘要:

对影响石油经济安全的十个潜在要素及国内国际石油经济安全的总体态势进行了分析,提出了石油经济安全的四个新特征及相应的"发展的安全观"理论。运用复杂性科学的理论对石油经济安全系统进行了分析,提出了"机遇控制论"的基本思想,通过综合集成建立了石油经济安全的主指标体系,确定了其安全界限,并编制了实用的石油经济安全数据库系统和预警监测系统软件,大大节约了安全决策的时间和成本。

关键词: 石油经济安全     复杂性科学     安全监测与预警软件    

Petroleum Production"> Erratum to "Probing the Interfacial Forces and Surface Interaction Mechanisms in Petroleum Production Erratum

Diling Yang,Xuwen Peng,Qiongyao Peng,Tao Wang,Chenyu Qiao,Ziqian Zhao,Lu Gong,Yueliang Liu,Hao Zhang,Hongbo Zeng

《工程(英文)》 2023年 第22卷 第3期   页码 233-233 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2023.02.001

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标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Persistent Integration and Innovation Management Mode and Its Applications in Petroleum Production Engineering

He Liu

期刊论文

Smart oilfield development and transition of petroleum-based cities

He LIU, Xinhua MA

期刊论文

Visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil catalyzed by SO/ZrO solid super-acid doped with Ni or Sn

JING Ping, LI Qingbiao, HAN Mei, SUN Daohua, JIA Lishan, FANG Weiping

期刊论文

李四光与中国石油大发现

赵文津

期刊论文

Comparison of combustion characteristics of petroleum coke and coal in one-dimensional furnace

Qulan ZHOU, Qinxin ZHAO, Guangjie ZHOU, Huiqing WANG, Tongmo XU, Shien HUI,

期刊论文

Practice and understanding of developing new technologies and equipment for green and low-carbon production of oilfields

He LIU, Jianwen YAN, Siwei MENG, Qinghai YANG, Zixiu YAO, Shijia ZHU

期刊论文

Development and challenges of planning and scheduling for petroleum and petrochemical production

Fupei LI, Minglei YANG, Wenli DU, Xin DAI

期刊论文

液化石油气泄漏的危险性分析及其事故后果评价方法

陈思凝,孙金华,王青松

期刊论文

Hydrotreating of light gas oil using a NiMo catalyst supported on activated carbon produced from fluid petroleum

N. Rambabu,Sandeep Badoga,Kapil K. Soni,A.K. Dalai,J. Adjaye

期刊论文

Multiple input self-organizing-map ResNet model for optimization of petroleum refinery conversion units

期刊论文

Oxidative desulfurization of fuels using ionic liquids: A review? ?

Hua Zhao,Gary A. Baker

期刊论文

积极培育生物燃料产业减少对石油的过度依赖

曹湘洪

期刊论文

The Effect of TRIZ on Research Institute Innovation

He Liu,Qing-hai Yang,Xu Jin

期刊论文

我国石油经济安全与监测预警复杂战略系统研究

葛家理,胡机豪,张宏民

期刊论文

Erratum to "Probing the Interfacial Forces and Surface Interaction Mechanisms in Petroleum Production

Diling Yang,Xuwen Peng,Qiongyao Peng,Tao Wang,Chenyu Qiao,Ziqian Zhao,Lu Gong,Yueliang Liu,Hao Zhang,Hongbo Zeng

期刊论文