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Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering >> 2022, Volume 17, Issue 3 doi: 10.1007/s11465-022-0685-3

A valveless piezoelectric pump with novel flow path design of function of rectification to improve energy efficiency

School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China

Received:2021-11-22 Available online:2021-11-22

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Abstract

Existing valveless piezoelectric pumps are mostly based on the flow resistance mechanism to generate unidirectional fluid pumping, resulting in inefficient energy conversion because the majority of mechanical energy is consumed in terms of parasitic loss. In this paper, a novel tube structure composed of a Y-shaped tube and a ȹ-shaped tube was proposed considering theory of jet inertia and vortex dissipation for the first time to improve energy efficiency. After verifying its feasibility through the flow field simulation, the proposed tubes were integrated into a piezo-driven chamber, and a novel valveless piezoelectric pump with the function of rectification (NVPPFR) was reported. Unlike previous pumps, the reported pump directed the reflux fluid to another flow channel different from the pumping fluid, thus improving pumping efficiency. Then, mathematical modeling was established, including the kinetic analysis of vibrator, flow loss analysis of fluid, and pumping efficiency. Eventually, experiments were designed, and results showed that NVPPFR had the function of rectification and net pumping effect. The maximum flow rate reached 6.89 mL/min, and the pumping efficiency was up to 27%. The development of NVPPFR compensated for the inefficiency of traditional valveless piezoelectric pumps, broadening the application prospect in biomedicine and biology fields.

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