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Frontiers in Energy >> 2019, Volume 13, Issue 4 doi: 10.1007/s11708-017-0455-9

Large-scale geo-energy development: Sustainability impacts

. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China; Vaasa Energy Institute, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland.. Vaasa Energy Institute, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland

Accepted: 2017-02-16 Available online: 2017-02-16

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Geothermal energy is a renewable and alternative energy with the potential to replace fossil fuels and help mitigate global warming. However, the development of geothermal energy has environmental, economic and social-cultural consequences, which needs to be predicted beforehand and then mitigated. To guarantee a sustainable development, it is, therefore, essential to consider the relative potential impacts. From a sustainability point of view, in the present study, a comprehensive analysis of consequences of geothermal energy development is conducted, including environmental, economic and societal & cultural dimensions. The geothermal energy industry will prosper only if sustainable aspects can be integrally considered.

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