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Strategic Study of CAE >> 2020, Volume 22, Issue 2 doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2020.02.015

Evolution of Innovation Ecosystem and Policy for an Emerging Industry: A Case of Additive Manufacturing Industry

1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China;

2. School of Public Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Funding project:CAE Advisory Project "Research on the Development Strategy of Emerging Industries (2035)" (2018-ZD-12); National Natural Science Foundation of China “Interaction Mechanism of Emerging-industry Innovation Ecosystem in a Late-mover Country: Empirical Studies based on Multi-Source Heterogeneous Data” (71872019); Beijing Natural Science Foundation “Dynamic Mechanism of Multi-Layer Innovation Ecosystem of Beijing Strategic Emerging Industries” (9182013) Received: 2019-12-16 Revised: 2020-02-11 Available online: 2020-04-07

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Constructing and improving an innovation ecosystem for emerging industries is vital for success in global competition in the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation. This paper takes the additive manufacturing industry as an example. It introduces the development stages of an innovation ecosystem, and analyzes the characteristics from the aspects of science, technology, market, and policy as well as their co-evolution, using multi-source heterogeneous data such as literature, patents, and commerce. The research shows that, with the implementation of innovation policies, the scientific output and technical level of the additive manufacturing industry are gradually improved, and the market size of the industry is also expanded. However, the industrial chain of the additive manufacturing industry is unbalanced in development, the impetus for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements is inadequate, and the commercialization level of these achievements is low. Furthermore, to develop the innovation ecosystem for emerging industries, some policy suggestions are proposed, including improving the capability of independent innovation in key links of the industrial chain, to achieve independent and controllable industrial development; accelerating the industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, by strengthening science and technology intermediary services and improving the transforming mechanism of scientific and technological achievements; and exploring new application areas, by integrating the emerging industries with traditional industries, thus to achieve leapfrog development.


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