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Strategic Study of Chinese Academy of Engineering doi: 10.15302/J-SSCAE-2022.06.006

Energy Production and Consumption Characteristics and Energy Development Path in Northwest China

1. School of Management, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Green Building in Western China, Xi’an 710055, China;
3. School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China;
4. College of Architecture, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China

Received:2022-08-29 Revised:2022-10-09 Available online:2022-11-16

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Abstract

Northwest China is rich in energy resources. However, problems such as low energy efficiency and energy structure mismatch remain. Assessing the energy development level and designing energy development paths are crucial for ensuring energy security and promoting energy development quality in Northwest China. This study analyzed the characteristics of energy production and consumption in Northwest China and clarified the prominent problems in energy development. The gray forecasting and multiple regression methods were used to forecast the energy development level from 2023 to 2030, and the energy development path in Northwest China was designed accordingly. Our results show that in Northwest China, the energy structure has been continuously optimized in recent years, and the production and consumption of renewable energies continued to rise; however, the production and consumption of renewable energies was still far lower than that of traditional energies. In addition, the impact of economic, industrial,and technological issues on energy development is significant. To promote the green renewal and development through energy transition, this study proposed to focus on the integration of traditional and new energies, adopt development methods such as supply revolution, consumption revolution, technological revolution, institutional revolution, exchange and cooperation, and implement an energy development action plan using a multi-subject collaborative approach.

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