The co-construction of the “Polar Silk Road” is an important way for China to participate in the protection, exploitation, and governance of the Arctic, and scientific and technological innovation is an important support for promoting the co-construction. China has a certain foundation in scientific expedition, scientific research infrastructure construction, equipment research and manufacturing for the Arctic. However, there still exist some problems such as a weak overall planning mechanism, inadequate investment, lagging in platform construction. Based on the white paper titled China’s Arctic Policy and the relevant principles for the “Polar Silk Road”, China should vigorously promote scientific innovation and humanistic research related to the knowledge, protection, exploitation, and management of oceans in the Arctic; and make larger breakthroughs in marine observation, sea ice research, biological and ecological systems, pollution control, response to climate change, shipping technology, and oil and gas development technology. To promote the scientific and technological innovation for the “Polar Silk Road”, China should strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation, launch international scientific programs, establish public platforms, and strengthen talent exchange and training.
With mine-field blasting examples meeting the needs of protected object safety demonstration for a long time, systematically analyze the impact of blasting vibration to bridges, tunnels and slopes, etc., also the mechanical relationships between each other. Using of risk analysis principles put forward safety demonstrating method and hazardous factors controlling technique, and establish the common procedure of blasting parameters zoning control to realize a standardized process control system. The technology has been gradually improved after several applications.
As the Belt and Road initiative develops in depth and breadth, substantial achievements have been scored in multiple fields, such as infrastructure, trade and investment, and green finance. Power and energy are important areas for the Belt and Road international cooperation. To better understand the importance of international energy and power cooperation, this study elaborates the resource superiority of the Belt and Road countries for clean energy development from the aspects of environment and cost, and analyzes the potential of power connectivity among these countries. This study also analyzes the supporting role of technological revolution in power connectivity, in terms of thinking innovation, mode reform, technological innovation, and benefit sharing. Research shows that the energy and power demand of the Belt and Road countries is increasing rapidly, and the widely-distributed and advantageous clean energy resources of these countries have made power connectively possible. In the international energy and power cooperation, comparative advantages of all countries should be given full play, and key technology innovation in fields such as renewable energy, power grid, and information, should be adopted to support the power connectivity.
This paper analyzes the demands for medical and health cooperation along the Belt and Road, and proposes to establish a telemedicine service system along the Belt and Road by using the natural advantage of telemedicine that it can break the geographical distance limitation. The construction objectives and implementation path of the telemedicine service system were also proposed. Subsequently, challenges in funds, language, talents, and technology in the implementation process were further analyzed, and specific countermeasures and suggestions were proposed, including: building a multi-level and all-round financial support system, applying multiple language strategies “English as a common language, equipped with professional language talents, timely promotion of Chinese”, establish a multi-disciplinary and new mode of talent training mechanism and tailor-made talent export mechanism, form a continuous investment and operation mechanism through the establishment of a professional team.
Space infrastructure has become the core area of military, civil, and commercial integration. This study uses literature research and intelligence analysis to summarize the basic situation and development trend of the space infrastructure in the United States,and thoroughly analyze the military, civil, and commercial integration from the aspects of top-level strategy, policies and regulations,as well as organizational management. Several successful experiences are summarized, hoping to provide a beneficial reference for the planning and construction of the space infrastructure in China. To promote the military, civil, and commercial integration in the space infrastructure field, China should make overall planning at the national level; set up a specialized agency to coordinate agencies related to space infrastructure construction and application; strengthen the research and development of satellite application technologies to lay the technological foundation for equipment development; and improve the policy and law system to provide policy guarantee.
Satellite application is the key development direction of the emerging strategic high-end equipment manufacturing industry in China. With the objective of defining the concept and scope of the satellite application industry, this paper provides an overview of the domestic and international development status, existing problems and trends in this field. Policy suggestions to promote the satellite application industry are proposed in this paper, including enhancing innovation capability, accelerating momentous projects implementation, improving policy environment, persistence in military-civil integration development, and adopting a globalization strategy
In today's world, the blue economy has become the focus of global marine development policymakers. The economic sector emphasizes the sustainable development of the maritime economy as well as a cooperative mode of marine resource management and environmental protection among all seafaring nations. The 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road and Economic Belt is an important platform for cooperation on the blue economy between China and countries along the Belt. Against this backdrop, this paper looks into the driving factors behind this cooperation, including national strategies, regional comparative advantage, government policies and regional environmental safety. This study also examines energy resources, marine industries, marine technologies and the marine ecological environment as key areas for cooperation between China and countries along the Belt. Last but not least, this paper proposes a market-led, land-sea integrated and intergovernmental coordination mechanism which fosters communication and mediates the interests of all sides.
In order to analyze the value of the commercial navigation through the Arctic sea routes, this paper summarizes the challenges of the utilizing the Arctic sea routes through various analytical modes, including institutional analysis and cost benefit analysis of the traditional sea routes and the Arctic sea routes. The paper proposes that the 'One Belt One Road' Strategy should develops and utilize the Arctic sea routes. These sea routes could extend the connections of the Silk Road Economic Belt and become an expansion for the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road as an important part of China's foreign trade network. Therefore, the strategic value of the Arctic sea routes should be prioritized as a key part of the 'One Belt One Road' initiative.
The strategic pivot of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road refers to China's policy of bolstering bilateral trade, science and technology, and cultural cooperation between itself and the silk road countries. In recent years, a broad range of fruitful cooperation has become a reality between China and the silk road countries in constructing economic and trade cooperation zones and transportation infrastructure. But the outcomes can be improved by addressing unclear top-level planning, less than optimal spatial layout for projects, and lack of intensive multilevel engagement between China and its partners. This study aims to strengthen the strategic pivot around the basic goal of "five-links" by analyzing China's foreign trade data and identifies the key areas and construction modes of strategic pivot with AHP and Delphi methods. This paper also advances some policy recommendations for the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road such as enhancing economic and trade cooperation zone construction, scientific and cultural exchange, and regional and industrial cooperation.
China's transportation infrastructure is facing severe challenges such as serious structural defects, short life, aging, and the absence of a long-life security strategy. Therefore, this paper complies the advancements in developed countries regarding these issues and proposes the overall objectives, strategic tasks, and related recommendations for constructing a long-life security system for China’s transportation infrastructure. It also presents systematic research into construction of long-life security systems for transportation infrastructure. This research has a very significant strategic significance in ensuring the safe long-life service of transportation infrastructure and safe and smooth traffic arteries, supporting sustainable development of the national economy, protecting people’s lives in a stable and orderly manner, and contributing to national security and social stability.