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CROP DIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: MECHANISMS, DESIGNS AND APPLICATIONS

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3,   Pages 359-361 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE -2021417

Abstract: The global crop diversity has declined in past decades.

Crop species diversity at a national scale was identified as one of the most important factorsA group of long-term field experiments demonstrated that crop diversity also stabilizes temporal grainTherefore, maintaining crop diversity at both national and field levels is of considerable importance

Crop diversity includes temporal (crop rotation) and spatial diversity (e.g., intercropping,

Fungal diversity and its mechanism of community shaping in the milieu of sanitary landfill

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2021, Volume 15, Issue 4, doi: 10.1007/s11783-020-1370-6

Abstract:

Ascomycota was the predominant phylum in sanitary landfill fungal communities.

Keywords: Sanitary landfill     Fungal community     Diversity     Saprotroph     Physical habitat     Environmental factor    

Primary assessment of the diversity of Omicron sublineages and the epidemiologic features of autumn/winter

Frontiers of Medicine 2023, Volume 17, Issue 4,   Pages 758-767 doi: 10.1007/s11684-022-0981-7

Abstract: With the recent ongoing autumn/winter 2022 COVID-19 wave and the adjustment of public health control measures, there have been widespread SARS-CoV-2 infections in Chinese mainland. Here we have analyzed 369 viral genomes from recently diagnosed COVID-19 patients in Shanghai, identifying a large number of sublineages of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron family. Phylogenetic analysis, coupled with contact history tracing, revealed simultaneous community transmission of two Omicron sublineages dominating the infections in some areas of China (BA.5.2 mainly in Guangzhou and Shanghai, and BF.7 mainly in Beijing) and two highly infectious sublineages recently imported from abroad (XBB and BQ.1). Publicly available data from August 31 to November 29, 2022 indicated an overall severe/critical case rate of 0.035% nationwide, while analysis of 5706 symptomatic patients treated at the Shanghai Public Health Center between September 1 and December 26, 2022 showed that 20 cases (0.35%) without comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions and 153 cases (2.68%) with COVID-19-exacerbated comorbidities progressed into severe/critical conditions. These observations shall alert healthcare providers to place more resources for the treatment of severe/critical cases. Furthermore, mathematical modeling predicts this autumn/winter wave might pass through major cities in China by the end of the year, whereas some middle and western provinces and rural areas would be hit by the upcoming infection wave in mid-to-late January 2023, and the duration and magnitude of upcoming outbreak could be dramatically enhanced by the extensive travels during the Spring Festival (January 21, 2023). Altogether, these preliminary data highlight the needs to allocate resources to early diagnosis and effective treatment of severe cases and the protection of vulnerable population, especially in the rural areas, to ensure the country’s smooth exit from the ongoing pandemic and accelerate socio-economic recovery.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2     COVID-19     Omicron     genomic epidemiology    

Phylogenetic diversity of NO reductases, new tools for monitoring, and insights into NO production in

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 10, doi: 10.1007/s11783-022-1562-3

Abstract:

● 548 representative nor genes were collected to create complete phylogenetic trees.

Keywords: N2O     Greenhouse gas     NO reductase     NO dismutase     Primer     Crystal structure    

Grassland management practices in Chinese steppes impact productivity, diversity and the relationship

Yingjun ZHANG, Wenjie LU, Hao ZHANG, Jiqiong ZHOU, Yue SHEN

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2018, Volume 5, Issue 1,   Pages 57-63 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2017192

Abstract: crucial parts of the terrestrial ecosystem, with an extremely high differentiation of productivity and diversityThis study focuses on the changes in productivity and diversity and the relationship between them asProductivity was significantly improved but diversity was lost by fertilizing.N fertilization also reduced the sensitivity of diversity to productivity.Mowing also slowed down the decline in diversity as productivity increased.

Keywords: diversity     fertilizing     grassland management practice     grazing     mowing     productivity     reseeding    

Effect of salinity on community structure and naphthalene dioxygenase gene diversity of a halophilic

Tingting Fang, Ruisong Pan, Jing Jiang, Fen He, Hui Wang

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2016, Volume 10, Issue 6, doi: 10.1007/s11783-016-0888-0

Abstract: aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) biodegradation, community structure and naphthalene dioxygenase gene ( ) diversity

Keywords: Phenanthrene     Halophilic bacteria     Gene diversity     Naphthalene dioxygenase genes    

Genetic diversity and population structure of indigenous chicken breeds in South China

Xunhe HUANG,Jinfeng ZHANG,Danlin HE,Xiquan ZHANG,Fusheng ZHONG,Weina LI,Qingmei ZHENG,Jiebo CHEN,Bingwang DU

Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 2016, Volume 3, Issue 2,   Pages 97-101 doi: 10.15302/J-FASE-2016102

Abstract: South China and two commercial breeds were genotyped for 26 microsatellites to investigate the genetic diversityHigher genetic diversity was revealed in the indigenous chicken breeds rather than in the commercial

Keywords: microsatellites     genetic diversity     population structure     indigenous chicken     South China     conservation    

The abundance, characteristics and diversity of microplastics in the South China Sea: Observation around

Hongzhe Chen , Sumin Wang , Huige Guo , Yunlong Huo , Hui Lin , Yuanbiao Zhang

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2022, Volume 16, Issue 1,   Pages 9-9 doi: 10.1007/s11783-021-1443-1

Abstract: The diversity index and evenness index were calculated and evaluated based on the composition of microplastics

Diversity and distribution of proteorhodopsin-containing microorganisms in marine environments

Bo WEI

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2012, Volume 6, Issue 1,   Pages 98-106 doi: 10.1007/s11783-010-0278-y

Abstract: sequences, the Global Distribution Database of Proteorhodopsin (GDDP), as a tool for analyzing the diversity

Keywords: proteorhodopsin (PR)     microorganism community     diversity     marine environments    

Diversity Glass Antennas for Tri-Band WiFi Applications Article

Peng Fei Hu, Kwok Wa Leung, Kwai Man Luk, Yong Mei Pan, Shao Yong Zheng

Engineering 2023, Volume 23, Issue 4,   Pages 157-169 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2022.09.011

Abstract: It also investigates what type of diversity antenna is most suitable for WiFi router applications bycomparing the two DRAs, along with a new space-diversity glass DRA.These three diversity glass DRAs are also compared with a commercial space-diversity monopole pair toAll three of the new diversity antennas were fabricated and measured to verify the simulations.In our experiment, the bit error rate (BER) of the three diversity glass antennas and the reference space-diversity

Keywords: WiFi Diversity antennas Multi-frequency     Glass     Dielectric resonator antennas     Multiple-input multiple-output    

Community diversity and distribution of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in marsh wetlands in the black soil

Chunhong Chen, Hong Liang, Dawen Gao

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2019, Volume 13, Issue 4, doi: 10.1007/s11783-019-1146-z

Abstract:

AOA amoA genes in the soils of the two wetlands affiliated with three lineages.

The main drivers of AOA community were pH and total organic carbon and ammonium.

The soil characteristics rather than the vegetation control the AOA community.

Keywords: Ammonia-oxidizing archaea     amoA gene     Freshwater marsh     Diversity     Distribution    

Plant diversity reduces the effect of multiple heavy metal pollution on soil enzyme activities and microbial

Yang GAO, Chiyuan MIAO, Jun XIA, Liang MAO, Yafeng WANG, Pei ZHOU

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2012, Volume 6, Issue 2,   Pages 213-223 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0345-z

Abstract: It is unclear whether certain plant species and plant diversity could reduce the impacts of multipleRandom amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was used to analyze the genetic diversity and microbial similarityHeavy metal pollution decreased the richness of the soil microbial community, but plant diversity increasedDNA sequence diversity and maintained DNA sequence diversity at high levels.

Keywords: enzyme activity     soil DNA     microbial population     plant diversity     heavy metal    

Development and applications of functional gene microarrays in the analysis of the functional diversity

Zhili HE, Joy D. VAN NOSTRAND, Ye DENG, Jizhong ZHOU

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2011, Volume 5, Issue 1,   Pages 1-20 doi: 10.1007/s11783-011-0301-y

Abstract: Several generations of GeoChip have been developed and applied to investigate the functional diversity

Keywords: functional gene arrays (FGAs)     GeoChip     microbial communities     functional diversity/composition/structure    

Low-temperature caproate production, microbial diversity, and metabolic pathway in xylose anaerobic fermentation

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering 2023, Volume 17, Issue 3, doi: 10.1007/s11783-023-1637-9

Abstract:

● Converting xylose to caproate under a low temperature of 20 °C by MCF was verified.

Keywords: Xylose fermentation     Caproate     Low temperature     Bifidobacterium     FAB pathway     RBO pathway    

Application of a Novel Fuzzy Clustering Method Based on Chaos Immune Evolutionary Algorithm for Edge Detection in Image Processing

Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering 2006, Volume 1, Issue 1,   Pages 85-89 doi: 10.1007/s11465-005-0023-6

Abstract: variable and the disturbance amplitude is adjusted step by step, which greatly improves the colony diversity

Keywords: disturbance amplitude     disturbance     diversity     generation     processing    

Title Author Date Type Operation

CROP DIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: MECHANISMS, DESIGNS AND APPLICATIONS

Journal Article

Fungal diversity and its mechanism of community shaping in the milieu of sanitary landfill

Journal Article

Primary assessment of the diversity of Omicron sublineages and the epidemiologic features of autumn/winter

Journal Article

Phylogenetic diversity of NO reductases, new tools for monitoring, and insights into NO production in

Journal Article

Grassland management practices in Chinese steppes impact productivity, diversity and the relationship

Yingjun ZHANG, Wenjie LU, Hao ZHANG, Jiqiong ZHOU, Yue SHEN

Journal Article

Effect of salinity on community structure and naphthalene dioxygenase gene diversity of a halophilic

Tingting Fang, Ruisong Pan, Jing Jiang, Fen He, Hui Wang

Journal Article

Genetic diversity and population structure of indigenous chicken breeds in South China

Xunhe HUANG,Jinfeng ZHANG,Danlin HE,Xiquan ZHANG,Fusheng ZHONG,Weina LI,Qingmei ZHENG,Jiebo CHEN,Bingwang DU

Journal Article

The abundance, characteristics and diversity of microplastics in the South China Sea: Observation around

Hongzhe Chen , Sumin Wang , Huige Guo , Yunlong Huo , Hui Lin , Yuanbiao Zhang

Journal Article

Diversity and distribution of proteorhodopsin-containing microorganisms in marine environments

Bo WEI

Journal Article

Diversity Glass Antennas for Tri-Band WiFi Applications

Peng Fei Hu, Kwok Wa Leung, Kwai Man Luk, Yong Mei Pan, Shao Yong Zheng

Journal Article

Community diversity and distribution of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in marsh wetlands in the black soil

Chunhong Chen, Hong Liang, Dawen Gao

Journal Article

Plant diversity reduces the effect of multiple heavy metal pollution on soil enzyme activities and microbial

Yang GAO, Chiyuan MIAO, Jun XIA, Liang MAO, Yafeng WANG, Pei ZHOU

Journal Article

Development and applications of functional gene microarrays in the analysis of the functional diversity

Zhili HE, Joy D. VAN NOSTRAND, Ye DENG, Jizhong ZHOU

Journal Article

Low-temperature caproate production, microbial diversity, and metabolic pathway in xylose anaerobic fermentation

Journal Article

Application of a Novel Fuzzy Clustering Method Based on Chaos Immune Evolutionary Algorithm for Edge Detection in Image Processing

Journal Article