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《工程(英文)》 >> 2022年 第14卷 第7期 doi: 10.1016/j.eng.2021.06.030

源于自然的纺丝——高性能生物基纤维的工程化制备及应用

a State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
b Institute of Applied Bioresources, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
c State Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology, College of Control Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
d Institute of Process Equipment, College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
e State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China

收稿日期 :2020-05-30 修回日期 :2021-04-02 录用日期 : 2021-06-08 发布日期 :2022-05-28

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摘要

许多天然纤维具有轻质、高强、高韧的特点,其性能优势源于从分子到宏观尺度的多级结构。生产这些纤维的纺丝系统也非常高效,它们为研究人员利用人工纺丝制备高性能生物基纤维提供了诸多灵感。除了优异的力学性能,生物基纤维还被赋予一系列新功能,从而拓展了其在智能织物、电子传感、生物医学等领域的应用。本文概述了近年来生物基纤维的研究进展,详细讨论了不同的仿生纺丝方法、纤维的力学增强策略、纤维的多元化应用。同时,提出了重现天然纺丝系统及认识其动态纺丝过程中的挑战,并展望了生物基纤维的未来发展。

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