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Industry effect of job hopping: An agent-based simulation of Chinese construction workers

Jide SUN, Mian ZHENG, Martin SKITMORE, Bo XIA, Xincheng WANG

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2019年 第6卷 第2期   页码 249-261 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0014-4

摘要: Job hopping affects the development of industries in terms of efficiency and quality of work. It is a problem for the Chinese construction industry, where excessive job hopping is detrimental to meeting the current daunting challenges involved in the industry’s transformation and efficiency improvement. To provide an exhaustive analysis of this effect, game theory is combined with social relationship networks to create an agent-based simulation model. Simulation results indicate that the frequent job moves of Chinese construction workers have a negative effect on their skill development, employment, and worker relationships, as well as results in sharp increase in employer labor costs. The findings point to the need to act for the benefit of workers and employers and maintain the development of the industry.

关键词: job hopping     agent-based simulation     construction industry     effect     China    

Value Management Practices on Major Construction Projects and Green Building

Ru-jiang Zhao,Wung Hee Moh

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第2期   页码 147-157 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2016018

摘要: The paper starts with background information on value management (VM) in the construction industry and current development situation of the green building industry, and costs and profitability of green buildings. The paper continues with detailed analyses of the findings, covering new developments and perceptions of VM, and applications of VM in the industry. The paper also reports case studies on the practices adopted in the planning and design management phase of SIPO Guangdong Patent Examination Cooperation Center and in the construction management phase of Guangzhou International Bio-Island Standard Property Unit II project. As revealed by the practices, the value-adds and savings in construction costs through the application of VM are important for the developers, and the contributions of VM application in green building projects are significant to achieving the expected targets and to resolving the design and construction challenges encountered in the development of green building industry. And the paper presents, findings on how VM can improve construction management and coordination of several ongoing construction projects and on how VM can be systematically implemented by phases, and discussions on other potential benefits of using VM systems.

关键词: value management (VM)     VM theory and practices     Chinese construction industry     green buildings    

建设项目业主-设计方行为分析

潘鹏程,刘应宗

《中国工程科学》 2007年 第9卷 第7期   页码 57-60

摘要:

在政府投资建设的项目中,业主决策往往受到个人偏好如审美观点、业绩倾向的影响,而设计方也受利益驱动,迎合业主的个人偏好,导致面子工程、政绩工程泛滥。文章利用委托代理模型,分析了设计方在诚信经营和迎合业主个人偏好条件下业主投资效益与设计方努力程度的变化。指出通过提高业主和设计方的政治风险成本,可以有效地减少业主个人偏好和设计方的投机行为的发生。

关键词: 建设项目     业主     设计方     行为     委托-代理    

Named entity recognition for Chinese construction documents based on conditional random field

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 237-249 doi: 10.1007/s42524-021-0179-8

摘要: Named entity recognition (NER) is essential in many natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as information extraction and document classification. A construction document usually contains critical named entities, and an effective NER method can provide a solid foundation for downstream applications to improve construction management efficiency. This study presents a NER method for Chinese construction documents based on conditional random field (CRF), including a corpus design pipeline and a CRF model. The corpus design pipeline identifies typical NER tasks in construction management, enables word-based tokenization, and controls the annotation consistency with a newly designed annotating specification. The CRF model engineers nine transformation features and seven classes of state features, covering the impacts of word position, part-of-speech (POS), and word/character states within the context. The F1-measure on a labeled construction data set is 87.9%. Furthermore, as more domain knowledge features are infused, the marginal performance improvement of including POS information will decrease, leading to a promising research direction of POS customization to improve NLP performance with limited data.

关键词: NER     NLP     Chinese language     construction document    

基于微笑曲线理论的中国建筑业核心竞争力研究

叶娟,刘宏蛟

《中国工程科学》 2008年 第10卷 第12期   页码 86-91

摘要:

建国以来,中国建筑业产值一直稳步提高,但低效率、低收益问题仍然没有得到解决。基于拓展服务领域、增加附加价值以提高我国建筑业核心竞争力的思路,从“广义的建筑业”和“广义的建设项目生命周期”出发,构建了建筑业的工程价值体系,并定义了相对附加经济价值这一概念。根据对目前我国建筑业现状的分析结果,研究了建设项目生命周期各个不同阶段附加价值的增值特点,做出了我国不同时期建筑业的微笑曲线,预测了我国建筑业未来的发展方向,最后探讨了提升我国建筑业核心竞争力的上、中、下游和整体发展战略。

关键词: 建筑业     核心竞争力     微笑曲线     相对附加经济价值     全生命周期    

Systematic literature review on smart contracts in the construction industry: Potentials, benefits, and

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2022年 第9卷 第2期   页码 196-213 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0188-2

摘要: The development of digital transformation in the construction industry has led to the increasing adoption of smart contracts. As programmable applications to automatically write, verify, and enforce transaction conditions, smart contracts can be used in different areas mainly to improve automation level, information security, and built digital environment enhancement. However, the smart contract is commonly mentioned as a blockchain appendage, while its unique connotation and value in the construction industry have not been recognized. Therefore, this study carries out a systematic review based on 81 research articles published from 2014 to 2021 on smart contract applications in construction to explore and highlight their potentials under domain-specific requirements. Results are analyzed according to research type categorization and domain codification. Eight research domains are identified, where the three most highly explored domains are contract and payment, supply chain and logistics, and information management. The integration of smart contracts with other innovative concepts and advanced technologies is analyzed. The applicability, benefits, and challenges of smart contract applications regarding different research domains are discussed.

关键词: smart contracts     blockchain     construction industry     BIM     systematic review    

制造业体制机制改革与政策调整

“中国制造业体制机制改革与政策调整研究”课题组

《中国工程科学》 2015年 第17卷 第7期   页码 37-40

摘要:

中国制造业的发展取得了举世瞩目的成就。目前中国制造业转型升级进入了改革深水期和关键机遇期,但中国制造从大国走向强国还面临体制机制障碍和政策的不完善,亟需进行制造业体制机制改革和政策调整。中国制造业体制机制改革要以新型工业化为引领,坚持市场化方向,释放制造领域劳动、知识、技术、管理、资本的活力。借鉴制造强国发展的经验与启示,未来我国应进一步完善市场竞争政策、金融政策、财政和税收政策、创新政策、人才政策、中小企业政策、对外开放政策,为制造业的发展创造良好的市场环境和制度环境。

关键词: 制造业发展;国际经验;体制机制改革;政策调整    

中国钢铁工业的现状和发展

徐匡迪,蒋国昌

《中国工程科学》 2000年 第2卷 第7期   页码 1-9

摘要:

钢铁材料良好的综合性能和易于循环利用等特点,至今仍是人类社会发展所需的不可替代的材料。在过去的20年里,中国的钢铁工业取得了巨大的进步,粗钢年产量已超过1×108t,工艺流程和技术不断得到革新和发展,钢铁品种多样化,满足了国民经济不断发展的需要;薄板坯连铸、低温轧制等高新技术的应用使中国的钢铁工业更具有竞争力和吸引力;致力发展与环境友好、省能的新一代钢铁工业得到了人们广泛的关注;电场、磁场、微波场及超声波等多种物理场将大大强化化学反应和优化凝固过程,它们的运用将会对未来的钢铁工业带来革命性的变化。

关键词: 中国钢铁工业     发展     新技术    

agglomeration and low-carbon economy considering spatiotemporal differentiation: An empirical study in China’s constructionmachinery industry

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2023年 第10卷 第2期   页码 285-299 doi: 10.1007/s42524-022-0197-1

摘要: Although China’s construction machinery thrives to meet the needs of construction, a number of challenges still remain to be overcome, such as lack of thorough knowledge of regional disparities and several limitations in terms of carbon emissions and economic development. Meanwhile, a low-carbon economy was proposed and implemented in China. This research aims to investigate the differences in industrial agglomeration of construction machineries and further explore the relationship between industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy. On this basis, spatiotemporal analysis was performed to evaluate the levels of industrial agglomeration in different regions based on the situations of China’s construction machinery industry. Furthermore, this study explored the interaction between industrial agglomeration and low-carbon economy utilizing the coupling coordination analysis method. Results showed that the coupling coordination of the two subsystems was extremely unbalanced in 2006, and it maintained an increasing trend, reaching a relatively high level in 2018. Finally, suggestions, such as establishing a policy guarantee system and implementing variable policies in different regions, were proposed to provide guidelines for the government decision-making and promote the sustainable development of China’s construction machinery industry.

关键词: spatiotemporal differentiation     industrial agglomeration     low-carbon economy     construction machinery industry     empirical study    

Identifying the driving factors of successful megaproject construction management: Findings from threeChinese cases

Qinghua HE, Junyan XU, Ting WANG, Albert P. C. CHAN

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2021年 第8卷 第1期   页码 5-16 doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0058-8

摘要: The construction of megaprojects has always resulted in extensive and long-term impacts on the society. However, the performance of megaproject management is poor, and improving it remains an urgent and necessary issue. Although many studies on megaproject success have been conducted, existing studies on the driving factors of successful megaproject construction are rather limited. Therefore, this study aims to systematically explore the key factors that can lead to successful megaproject construction management based on three cases: The Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway, the Three Gorges Dam, and the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macao Bridge. Mixed research methods, such as literature review, case studies, and expert interviews, were used in this study. Consequently, 11 driving factors, namely, government support, public support, accumulation and application of technology and experience, development and innovation of technology, innovation and application of management system, organizational mode and structure, top management support, project culture, megaproject citizenship behavior, corporate reputation, and fulfillment of social responsibilities, were identified and grouped into five categories, namely, project environment, construction capabilities, organization, positive culture and behavior, and requirements for sustainable development. The contributions of this study lie in two aspects. First, the driving factors of successful megaproject construction are identified to deepen the understanding of industrial practitioners, assist them in focusing on key factors, and aid them in effectively managing megaprojects. Second, researchers could use the identified driving factors in conducting further empirical studies and apply them in future projects to enhance their chances of success.

关键词: megaproject management     driving factors     project success     case study     China    

State of Practice of Construction Site Safety in the USA

Fei Dai,Yoojung Yoon,Hota V. GangaRao

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 2016年 第3卷 第3期   页码 275-282 doi: 10.15302/J-FEM-2016035

摘要: The construction industry has long been plagued with a high number of fatalities in the USA. Much safety improvements have been made after the USA Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act in 1970. However, this industry still suffers from a disproportionately high rate of work-related fatalities in comparison to other industries. To provide a holistic view of current construction safety practices and corresponding performance, this paper reviews statistics of construction fatalities and their causes. It then presents efforts led to prevent work-related accidents and injuries by the federal safety agencies and the industry. Additionally, advantages and limitations of current practices in terms of construction safety have been discussed along with promotion of aspects in construction work environment.

关键词: workplace safety     construction industry     safety strategy     accident prevention     review work    

Smart contract applications in the built environment: How prepared are Nigerian construction stakeholders

《工程管理前沿(英文)》 doi: 10.1007/s42524-023-0275-z

摘要: Studies have demonstrated that advanced technology, such as smart contract applications, can enhance both pre- and post-contract administration within the built environment sector. Smart contract technology, exemplifying blockchain technologies, has the potential to improve transparency, trust, and the security of data transactions within this sector. However, there is a dearth of academic literature concerning smart contract applications within the construction industries of developing countries, with a specific focus on Nigeria. Consequently, this study seeks to explore the relevance of smart contract technology and address the challenges impeding its adoption, offering strategies to mitigate the obstacles faced by smart contract applications. To investigate the stakeholders, this research conducted 14 virtual interview sessions to achieve data saturation. The interviewees encompassed project management practitioners, senior management personnel from construction companies, experts in construction dispute resolution, professionals in construction software, and representatives from government construction agencies. The data obtained from these interviews underwent thorough analysis employing a thematic approach. The study duly recognizes the significance of smart contract applications within the sector. Among the 12 identified barriers, issues such as identity theft and data leakage, communication and synchronization challenges, high computational expenses, lack of driving impetus, excessive electricity consumption, intricate implementation processes, absence of a universally applicable legal framework, and the lack of a localized legal framework were recurrent impediments affecting the adoption of smart contract applications within the sector. The study also delves into comprehensive measures to mitigate these barriers. In conclusion, this study critically evaluates the relevance of smart contract applications within the built environment, with a specific focus on promoting their usage. It may serve as a pioneering effort, especially within the context of Nigeria.

关键词: built environment industry     digitalization     Nigeria     smart contract     technological revolution    

对我国制造业中长期发展战略的思考

张曙

《中国工程科学》 2004年 第6卷 第5期   页码 1-7

摘要:

从中长期制造战略的重要意义出发,阐述了制造战略的内涵以及战略思考、战略规 划和战略管理三者之间的内在联系;分析了美国近15年制造战略的轨迹及其对经济发展的重 大影响;提出了制定我国中长期制造战略的韬略:首先认清我国制造业的现状、地位和特征,建立我国制造业竞争力的评价体系;然后统筹全局、平衡冲突,解决“中国制造”由谁来 造的人才问题;最后讨论了如何加强政府的指导和调控作用,特别是大力发展民营装备制造 业问题。

关键词: 制造业     发展战略     世界竞争力     集成制造技术    

论中国电缆工业的废杂铜直接再生制杆和以铝节铜

黄崇祺

《中国工程科学》 2008年 第10卷 第5期   页码 10-18

摘要:

当前我国电缆工业“废杂铜的直接再生制杆”和“以铝节铜”已成为关注的“热点”。整个行业铜线的质量在下降,致使线缆产品的合格率大幅下降。铜包铝线和铜包钢线的用量正在逐步攀升,但“以铝节铜”的产品方向和在技术经济上的可行性在某些领域供、需双方还未取得共识和可行的结论。文章就废杂铜直接再生制杆、以铝节铜的现状、问题和建议进行论述,以期这两大热点向良性循环的方向发展。

关键词: 废杂铜     再生         电缆工业    

基于产业价值链的我国制造业竞争战略研究

赵文成,赵红

《中国工程科学》 2008年 第10卷 第9期   页码 54-59

摘要:

在跨国公司主导的产业价值链体系中,以寻求比较优势为目标的传统竞争战略对我国制造业竞争力产生了严重的削弱作用。研究表明,为获得可持续竞争力,我国制造业竞争战略的重点应聚焦如何建立在产业价值链中的主导和控制地位。

关键词: 产业价值链     制造业竞争战略    

标题 作者 时间 类型 操作

Industry effect of job hopping: An agent-based simulation of Chinese construction workers

Jide SUN, Mian ZHENG, Martin SKITMORE, Bo XIA, Xincheng WANG

期刊论文

Value Management Practices on Major Construction Projects and Green Building

Ru-jiang Zhao,Wung Hee Moh

期刊论文

建设项目业主-设计方行为分析

潘鹏程,刘应宗

期刊论文

Named entity recognition for Chinese construction documents based on conditional random field

期刊论文

基于微笑曲线理论的中国建筑业核心竞争力研究

叶娟,刘宏蛟

期刊论文

Systematic literature review on smart contracts in the construction industry: Potentials, benefits, and

期刊论文

制造业体制机制改革与政策调整

“中国制造业体制机制改革与政策调整研究”课题组

期刊论文

中国钢铁工业的现状和发展

徐匡迪,蒋国昌

期刊论文

agglomeration and low-carbon economy considering spatiotemporal differentiation: An empirical study in China’s constructionmachinery industry

期刊论文

Identifying the driving factors of successful megaproject construction management: Findings from threeChinese cases

Qinghua HE, Junyan XU, Ting WANG, Albert P. C. CHAN

期刊论文

State of Practice of Construction Site Safety in the USA

Fei Dai,Yoojung Yoon,Hota V. GangaRao

期刊论文

Smart contract applications in the built environment: How prepared are Nigerian construction stakeholders

期刊论文

对我国制造业中长期发展战略的思考

张曙

期刊论文

论中国电缆工业的废杂铜直接再生制杆和以铝节铜

黄崇祺

期刊论文

基于产业价值链的我国制造业竞争战略研究

赵文成,赵红

期刊论文